Malta Conference (1945)


Malta Conference (1945)

The Malta Conference was held from January 30 to February 3, 1945 between President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom on the island of Malta. The purpose of the conference was to plan the final campaign against the Germans with the Combined Chiefs of Staff (the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff and the British Chiefs of Staff Committee). Both leaders agreed on the undesirability of the Red Army advancing into central Europe.

The Conference was given the code names of ARGONAUT and CRICKET, as well as several others.

The Malta Conference began on January 30, 1945, but President Roosevelt did not arrive until February 2, the last day of the conference.[1]

Contents

Participants

Among the participants of the Conference were U.S. Secretary of State Stettinius, Ambassador Harriman, Harry L. Hopkins, General of the Army George C. Marshall, Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King, Fleet Admiral Leahy, Prime Minister Churchill, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, Major General Laurence S. Kuter (representing General of the Army H.H. Arnold who was unable to attend due to illness), Field Marshal H. Maitland Wilson, Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke, Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles F.A. Portal, Admiral of the Fleet Sir A.B. Cunningham, General Sir Hastings L. Ismay, Major General Jacob.[1]

January 30, 1945

On Tuesday, January 30, 1945 at 10am, the Joint Chiefs of Staff met in Montgomery House, Malta. Present were General of the Army Marshall, Fleet Admiral King, Major General Kuter, Lieutenant General Somervell, Lieutenant General Smith, Rear Admiral Duncan, Rear Admiral McCormick, Major General Bull, Major General Hull, Major General Wood, Major General Anderson, Brigadier General Loutzenheiser, Brigadier General Lindsay, Captain McDill, Colonel Peck, Colonel Dean, Colonel Lincoln.

The Minutes show they worked on the agenda for the next U.S. - British Staff Conference, an overall review of cargo shipping and strategy in Northwest Europe.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c United States Department of State Foreign relations of the United States. Conferences at Malta and Yalta, 1945 Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1945 lxxviii, 1032 p., [11] p. of plates : ill., folded maps (1 col.) : 24 cm.

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