Rationale


Rationale

[

Rationale of Polish King Saint Jadwiga of Poland] A rationale is a liturgical vestment worn by clergy, in particular by Bishops, in the Roman Catholic Church which uses full vestments. It is humeral ornament, a counterpart to the Pallium, and is worn over the chasuble. It is a large clasp, made of precious metal and ornamented with diamonds, whose edges are adorned with small bells.cite paper|title=Sacerdotal Apologiae|author=Andrew Casad and Drew Rosato|date=2002-03-20|chapter=What is a Rationale?|format=PDF|url=http://edoras.duhs.duke.edu/papers/THEO_673_3.pdf] The word is more commonly used to mean an explanation of the basis or fundamental reasons for something.

During the Middle Ages it was worn by the Bishops of Würzburg, Ratisbon, Eichstätt, Naumburg, Halberstadt, Paderborn, Minden, Speier, Metz, Augsburg, Prague, Olmutz, Liège, and Toul. Its use largely died out in the 13th century, although there is evidence that it was worn at Reims until the 16th century. Some rationales can be found preserved at Bamberg and Ratisbon. The earliest pictures of rationales that exist are two pictures of Bishop Sigebert of Minden, a miniature and an ivory tablet, which were both incorporated in a Mass Ordo belonging to the Bishop.cite encyclopedia|encyclopedia=The Catholic Encyclopedia|volume=XII|date=1911-06-01|location=New York|publisher=Robert Appleton Company|title=Rationale|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12651c.htm]

The only Bishops that wear rationales in the 21st century are the Bishops of Eichstätt, Paderborn, Toul, and Kraków. The modern rationale is a humeral collar, ornamented in the front and back with appendages.

Rationales are occasionally still worn by Bishops in the Celtic Christian Orthodox Church, a small community with historical links to the Old Catholic independent movement and Eastern Orthodoxy. [cite web|url=http://celticchristianity.org/library/vestments.html|title=Vestments of the Celtic Orthodox Christian Church|work=celticchristianity.org]

The rationale is named after the breast ornament of a Jewish high-priest, which was a wooden brooch, overlaid with enamelled metal, fastened high up on the breast of chasubles that had no central orphreys.

References


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  • Rationale — • Collar ornamented in the front and back with appendages worn by the Bishops of Eichstätt, Paderborn, Toul, and Cracow Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Rationale     Rationale …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • rationale — ra‧tion‧ale [ˌræʆəˈnɑːl ǁ ˈnæl] noun the rationale the set of reasons that a decision or belief is based on: • The chairman began by explaining the rationale behind the company s decision to expand its business in Asia. * * * rationale UK US… …   Financial and business terms

  • Rationale — ist als das Rationale eine im Mittelalter entstandene bischöfliche Insignie, siehe Rationale (Würdezeichen). als die Rationale im Sinne von Argumentation oder vernunftmäßige Begründung eine Wort Neuschöpfung. Beide Begriffe werden selten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rationale —   [lateinisch] das, , ein bischöflicher Schulterschmuck, der aus zwei auf Brust und Rücken aufliegenden Stoffblättern besteht. Vorbild für das Rationale, das im 6. Jahrhundert aufkam und im Mittelalter besonders in Deutschland verbreitet war, war …   Universal-Lexikon

  • RATIONALE — quod et Logium, in V. Test. quid fuerit, diximus supra, im voce Ephod. In Ecclesia Romana quoque inter vestes seu ornamenta Episcoporum occurrit, quod cum Pallio idem facit Car. du Fresne, qui addit, haberi in Missa ab Illyrico editâ hanc… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Rationale — Ra tion*a le (r[a^]sh [u^]*n[a^]l or r[a^]sh [u^]n*[=a] l[ e]), n. [L. rationalis, neut. rationale. See {Rational}, a.] An explanation or exposition of the principles of some opinion, action, hypothesis, phenomenon, or the like; also, the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rationale — (n.) 1650s, from L.L. rationale, noun use of neuter of L. rationalis of reason (see RATIONAL (Cf. rational)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Rationāle — (lat.), ein dem Ephod der jüdischen Hohenpriester nachgebildetes, dem erzbischöflichen Pallium (s. d.) ähnliches Schultergewand, bestehend aus Rücken und Brustteil, die durch Stoff, Spangen oder Kettchen zusammengehalten wurden, vorn ein… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • rationale — I noun account, basis, cause, elucidation, explanation, explication, exposition, fundamental reason, ground, logical reasoning, motivation, motive, presumption, proposition, reason, reasoning, speculation, surmise, theory II index argument… …   Law dictionary

  • rationale — [n] logic for belief, action account, excuse, explanation, exposition, grounds, hypothesis, justification, motivation, motive, philosophy, principle, raison d’être, rationalization, reason, reasons, song and dance*, sour grapes*, story*, the big… …   New thesaurus