- Lindisfarne Gospels
The Lindisfarne Gospels is an illuminated
Latinmanuscript of the gospelsof Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. The manuscript was produced on Lindisfarnein Northumbriain the late 7th century or early 8th century, and is generally regarded as the finest example of the kingdom's unique style of religious art, a style that combined Anglo-Saxon and Celtic themes, what is now called Hiberno-Saxon art, or Insular art. [ [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=n8Oj3p_wUmsC&pg=PA239&lpg=PA239&dq=lindisfarne+gospels+insular+art&source=web&ots=LF7RpmerUs&sig=53rhhzGxJhzX4fC2-OoAvRiQ9iY&hl=en Celtic and Anglo-Saxon Art: Geometric Aspects] Derek Hull, Published 2003Liverpool University Press. ISBN 085323549X (Google books link) ] The manuscript is complete (though lacking its original cover), and is astonishingly well-preserved considering its great age.
The Lindisfarne Gospels are presumed to be the work of the monk named Eadfrith, who became
Bishop of Lindisfarnein 698 and died in 721. [ [http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/sacredtexts/lindisfarne.html Lindisfarne Gospels] British Library. Retrieved 2008-03-21] Current scholarship indicates a date around 715, and it is believed they were produced in honour of St. Cuthbert. The Gospels are richly illustrated in the insular style, and were originally encased in a fine leather binding covered with jewels and metals made by Billfrith the Anchoritein the 8th century. During the Vikingraids on Lindisfarne, however, this cover was lost, and a replacement made in 1852. [http://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/Let-Gospels-come-home.1784874.jp Let Gospels come home] Sunderland Echo, 2006-09-22. Retrieved 2008-03-21] The text is written in insular script.
In the 10th century an Old English translation of the Gospels was made: a word-for-word gloss inserted between the lines of the Latin text by Aldred, Provost of
Chester-le-Street. This is the first translation of the Gospels into the English language.
The Gospels were taken from
Durham Cathedralduring the dissolution of the monasteries, ordered by Henry VIII, and were acquired in the early 17th century by Sir Robert Cotton from Thomas Walker, Clerk of the Parliaments. Cotton's library came to the British Museumin the 18th century, and from there to the British Libraryin London. [ [http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/features/lindisfarne/timeline.html Time line] British Library. Retrieved 2008-03-21]
A campaign exists to have the gospels housed in the North East of England, a move vigorously opposed by the British Library. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/7306234.stm Viz creator urges gospels return] BBC News Online,
2008-03-20. Retrieved 2008-03-21] Several possible locations have been mooted, including Durham Cathedral, Lindisfarneitself or one of the museums in Newcastle upon Tyneor Sunderland. A modern facsimile copy of the Gospels is now housed in the Durham CathedralTreasury, which can be seen by visitors.
List of Hiberno-Saxon illustrated manuscripts
Old English Bible translations
*Calkins, Robert G. "Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages". Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1983.
*De Hamel, Christopher. "A History of Illuminated Manuscripts". Boston: David R. Godine, 1986.
*Walther, Ingo F. and Norbert Wolf. "Codices Illustres: The world's most famous illuminated manuscripts, 400 to 1600". Köln, TASCHEN, 2005.
*Brown, Michelle P., "The Lindisfarne Gospels: Society, Spirituality and the Scribe". London: The British Library, 2003
* [http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/ttp/digitisation.html Turning the Pages] Leaf through the Lindisfarne Gospels online using the British Library's Turning the Pages software (requires Shockwave plugin)
* [http://www.fathom.com/course/33702501/index.html The Lindisfarne Gospels] , a free online seminar from the
* [http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/sacredtexts/lindisfarne.html Lindisfarne Gospels: information, zoomable image] British Library website
* [http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/illuminatedmanuscripts/record.asp?MSID=6469&CollID=7&NStart=60404 British Library Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts entry]
* [http://www.northumbrianassociation.co.uk/lindisfarne/index.html Lindisfarne Gospels] , from the Northumbrian Association.
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Lindisfarne Gospels — a book containing the four Christian Gospels, produced on the island of Lindisfarne around AD 700. It is written by hand, with many beautiful pictures and decorations, and contains early examples of the northern version of Old English. It is now… … Universalium
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Lindisfarne Gospels — Lin|dis|farne Gos|pels, the an ↑illuminated (=with the pages decorated with gold paint and other bright colours) copy of the four Christian ↑Gospels, produced at the end of the 7th century on the island of Lindisfarne and now kept in the ↑British … Dictionary of contemporary English
(the) Lindisfarne Gospels — the Lindisfarne Gospels [the Lindisfarne Gospels] a book containing the four Christian Gospels, produced on the island of ↑Lindisfarne around AD 700. It is written by hand, with many beautiful pictures and decorations, and contains early examples … Useful english dictionary
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Lindisfarne — For other uses, see Lindisfarne (disambiguation). Coordinates: 55°40′37″N 1°47′42″W / 55.677°N 1.795°W / 55.677; 1.795 … Wikipedia
Lindisfarne (Kloster) — 55.679444444444 1.8075 Koordinaten: 55° 40′ 46″ N, 1° 48′ 27″ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lindisfarne — /lin deuhs fahrn /, n. See Holy Island (def. 1). * * * or Holy Island Historic small island 2 mi (3 km) from the English Northumbrian coast. It became a religious centre in 635, when St. Aidan established a monastery and church there. It was… … Universalium
Aldred of Lindisfarne — Infobox Bishop name =Aldred religion =Catholic see =Diocese of Lindisfarne bishop of = Bishop of Lindisfarne enthroned = 947 ended = 968 province = predecessor = Sexhelm successor =Elfdig ordination = other post = birth name = birth date =… … Wikipedia
Eadfrith of Lindisfarne — (died 721) also known as Saint Eadfrith was Bishop of Lindisfarne, probably from 698 onwards. By the twelfth century it was believed that Eadfrith succeeded Eadberht and nothing in the surviving records contradicts this belief. [Dates after… … Wikipedia