- Mongolian spot
Mongolian spot Classification and external resources
Mongolian spot visible on six-month-old Taiwanese baby girl
ICD-10 D22.5 (ILDS D22.505) ICD-9 757.33 (CDC/BPA 757.386) DiseasesDB 8342 eMedicine derm/271 MeSH D049328
A Mongolian spot, also known as "Mongolian blue spot," "Congenital dermal melanocytosis," and "Dermal melanocytosis" is a benign, flat, congenital birthmark with wavy borders and irregular shape, discovered on and named after Mongolians by Erwin Bälz. It is also extremely prevalent among East Asians, Polynesians, Native Americans, and East Africans. It normally disappears three to five years after birth and almost always by puberty. The most common color is blue, although they can be blue-gray, blue-black or even deep brown.
The Mongolian spot is a congenital developmental condition exclusively involving the skin. The blue colour is caused by melanocytes, melanin-containing cells, that are deep under the skin.  Usually, as multiple spots or one large patch, it covers one or more of the lumbosacral area (lower back), the buttocks, flanks, and shoulders. It results from the entrapment of melanocytes in the lower half to two-thirds of the dermis during their migration from the neural crest to the epidermis during embryonic development.
The condition is unrelated to gender; male and female infants are equally predisposed to Mongolian spot. The spots are harmless.
Among those who are not aware of the background of the Mongolian spots, it may sometimes be mistaken for a bruise, possibly resulting in unfounded concerns about abuse.
Rough estimates are that the Mongolian spots are most prevalent among infants of East Asian groups. Infants may be born with one or more Mongolian spots ranging from small area on the buttocks to a larger area on the back. They also occur in about 90-95% and about 80-85% of East African and Native American infants, respectively. Approximately 90% of Polynesians and Micronesians are born with Mongolian spots, as are about 46% of Latin American children (those who have some sort of Native American ancestry). These spots also appear on 1-10% of babies of full Caucasian descent.
- ^ a b Rapini, Ronald P.; Bolognia, Jean L.; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis: Mosby. pp. 1720. ISBN 1-4160-2999-0.
- ^ Die koerperlichen Eigenschaften der Japaner.(1885) Baelz.E. Mittheil.d.deusch Gesell.f.Natur-u-Voelkerheilkunde Ostasiens. Bd.4.H.32
- ^ Circumscribed dermal melanosis (Mongolian spot)(1981) Kikuchi I, Inoue S. in "Biology and Diseases of Dermal Pigmentation", University of Tokyo Press , p83
- ^ a b c About Mongolian Spot
- ^ a b c d Mongolian blue spots - Health care guide discussing the Mongolian blue spot.
- ^ Mongolian Spot DrGreen.com
- ^ Mongolian Spot - English information of Mongolian spot, written by Hironao NUMABE, M.D., Tokyo Medical University.
- ^ Epidemiology of Mongolian spot on MedScape
- ^ 尻 (Japanese)
- ^ "The butt is blue": the untold story, Language Log, October 15, 2008 @ 3:14 pm; comment of October 16, 2008 @ 11:39 am
Gonadal tumors, paraganglioma, and glomus (ICD-O 8590-8719) Gonadal/
sex cord-gonadal stromal (8590-8679)
Glomus tumors (8680-8719)
tumr, epon, para
Congenital malformations and deformations of integument / skin disease (Q80–Q82, 757.0–757.3) GenodermatosisCongenital ichthyosis/
erythrokeratodermiaADARUngroupedIchthyosis bullosa of Siemens · Ichthyosis follicularis · Ichthyosis prematurity syndrome · Ichthyosis–sclerosing cholangitis syndrome · Nonbullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma · Ichthyosis linearis circumflexa · Ichthyosis hystrixEB
keratinopathydiffuse: Diffuse epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma • Diffuse nonepidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma • Palmoplantar keratoderma of Sybert • Mal de Meleda •syndromic (connexin (Bart–Pumphrey syndrome • Clouston's hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia • Vohwinkel syndrome) • Corneodermatoosseous syndrome • plakoglobin (Naxos syndrome) • Scleroatrophic syndrome of Huriez • Olmsted syndrome • Cathepsin C (Papillon–Lefèvre syndrome • Haim–Munk syndrome) • Camisa diseasefocal: Focal palmoplantar keratoderma with oral mucosal hyperkeratosis • Focal palmoplantar and gingival keratosis • Howel–Evans syndrome • Pachyonychia congenita (Pachyonychia congenita type I • Pachyonychia congenita type II) • Striate palmoplantar keratoderma • Tyrosinemia type II)punctate: Acrokeratoelastoidosis of Costa • Focal acral hyperkeratosis • Keratosis punctata palmaris et plantaris • Keratosis punctata of the palmar creases • Schöpf–Schulz–Passarge syndrome • Porokeratosis plantaris discreta • Spiny keratodermaOtherMeleda disease · Keratosis pilaris · ATP2A2 (Darier's disease) · Dyskeratosis congenita · Lelis syndromeOtherTemplate:Phakomatoses, Template:Pigmentation disorders, Template:DNA replication and repair-deficiency disorder
anomaliesMidlineOther/ungrouped· Bronchogenic cyst · Congenital cartilaginous rest of the neck · Congenital hypertrophy of the lateral fold of the hallux · Congenital lip pit · Congenital malformations of the dermatoglyphs · Congenital preauricular fistula · Congenital smooth muscle hamartoma · Cystic lymphatic malformation · Median raphe cyst · Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy · Mongolian spot · Nasolacrimal duct cyst · Omphalomesenteric duct cyst · Poland anomaly · Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma · Rosenthal–Kloepfer syndrome · Skin dimple · Superficial lymphatic malformation · Thyroglossal duct cyst · Verrucous vascular malformation · Birthmark
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См. также в других словарях:
Mongolian spot — n a bluish pigmented area near the base of the spine that is present at birth esp. in Asian, southern European, American Indian, and black infants and that usu. disappears during childhood called also blue spot, Mongol spot * * * a congenital… … Medical dictionary
Mongolian spot — /mɒŋˈgoʊliən spɒt/ (say mong gohleeuhn spot) noun a bluish black, bruise like birthmark usually on the buttocks and lower back, common in babies of Asian, southern European, African and Polynesian descent, usually fading within two years. Also,… … Australian English dictionary
mongolian spot — noun or mongol spot Usage: often capitalized M : blue spot … Useful english dictionary
Mongolian spot — noun see blue spot … Useful english dictionary
spot — 1. SYN: macula. 2. To lose a slight amount of blood through the vagina. acoustic spots macula of utricle, macula of saccule. Bitot spots small, circumscribed, lusterless, grayish white, foamy, greasy, triangular deposits on the bulbar … Medical dictionary
mongolian macula — see under spot … Medical dictionary
blue spot — n MONGOLIAN SPOT * * * 1. (in the pl.) maculae ceruleae. 2. mongolian s … Medical dictionary
Mongol spot — n MONGOLIAN SPOT … Medical dictionary
blue spot — noun : a bluish pigmented area near the base of the spine present at birth especially in infants of Mongoloid ancestry called also Mongolian spot … Useful english dictionary
mongol spot — noun see mongolian spot … Useful english dictionary