Allan McLeod Cormack


Allan McLeod Cormack

Infobox Scientist
name = Allan MacLeod Cormack
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caption = Allan M. Cormack at Tufts Universitydeletable image-caption|Wednesday, May 07 2008
birth_date = February 23, 1924
birth_place = Johannesburg, Gauteng
death_date = May 07, 1998
death_place = Massachusetts
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = United States
ethnicity =
field = Physicist
work_institutions =
alma_mater =
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known_for = Computed tomography
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influences =
influenced =
prizes = Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1979
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Allan MacLeod Cormack (February 23, 1924 – May 7, 1998) was a South African-born American physicist who won the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (along with Godfrey Hounsfield) for his work on x-ray computed tomography (CT).

Cormack was born in Johannesburg, South Africa. He attended the Rondebosch Boys' High School in Cape Town, where he was active in the debating and tennis teams. He received his B.Sc. in physics in 1944 from the University of Cape Town and his M.Sc. in crystallography in 1945 from the same institution. He was a research student at Cambridge University from 1947-49, and while at Cambridge he met his future wife, Barbara Seavey, an American physics student.

After marrying Seavey, he returned to the University of Cape Town in early 1950 to lecture. Following a sabbatical at Harvard in 1956-57, the couple agreed to move to the United States, and Cormack became a professor at Tufts University in the fall of 1957. Cormack became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1966. Although he was mainly working on particle physics, Cormack's side interest in x-ray technology led him to develop the theoretical underpinnings of CT scanning. This work was initiated at the University of Cape Town and Groote Schuur Hospital in early 1956 and continued briefly in mid-1957 after returning from his sabbatical. His results were subsequently published in two papers in the Journal of Applied Physics in 1963 and 1964. These papers generated little interest until Hounsfield and colleagues built the first CT scanner in 1971, taking Cormack's theoretical calculations into a real application. For their independent efforts, Cormack and Hounsfield shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He was member of the International Academy of Science.

Cormack died of cancer in Massachusetts at age 74. He was posthumously awarded the Order of Mapungubwe on the 10 December 2002 for outstanding achievements as a scientist and for co-inventing the CT scanner.

External links

* [http://www.nobel.se/medicine/laureates/1979/cormack-autobio.html Nobel Prize Biography]
* [http://www.amazon.co.uk/Imagining-Elephant-Biography-MacLeod-Cormack/dp/1860949886 Imagining the Elephant (Allan Cormack Biography) by CL Vaughan]


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  • Allan McLeod Cormack — (* 23. Februar 1924 in Johannesburg, Südafrika; † 7. Mai 1998 in Winchester (Massachusetts), USA) war ein südafrikanisch US amerikanischer Physiker. Für seine Arbeit an der Computertomografie wurde er 1979 mit dem Nobelpreis für Physiologie oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allan McLeod Cormack — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Allan McLeod Cormack — Allan MacLeod Cormack (né le 23 février 1924 et mort le 7 mai 1998) est un physicien sud africain, devenu américain en 1966. Il obtint le prix Nobel de médecine en 1979 pour sa contribution à l invention de la tomodensitométrie, connue sous le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Allan McLeod Cormack — Allan M. Cormack nació en Johannesburgo (Sudáfrica) en 1924. Estudió Ingeniería Electrónica y Física en la Universidad de Capetown de Ciudad del Cabo. Se traslada a Inglaterra donde trabaja en la Universidad de Cambridge. En 1956 emigra a EE.UU.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1979: Allan McLeod Cormack — Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield —   Der Amerikaner und der Brite erhielten den Nobelpreis für »die Entwicklung der Computertomographie«.    Biografien   Allan MacLeod Cormack, * Johannesburg (Südafrika) 23.2. 1924, ✝ Winchester (M …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Allan M. Cormack — Allan McLeod Cormack (* 23. Februar 1924 in Johannesburg, Südafrika; † 7. Mai 1998 in Winchester (Massachusetts), USA) war ein südafrikanisch US amerikanischer Physiker. Für seine Arbeit an der Computertomografie wurde er 1979 mit dem Nobelpreis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allan MacLeod Cormack — Allan McLeod Cormack Allan MacLeod Cormack (né le 23 février 1924 et mort le 7 mai 1998) est un physicien sud africain, devenu américain en 1966. Il obtint le prix Nobel de médecine en 1979 pour sa contribution à l invention de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cormack (surname) — Cormack is a surname derived from the gaelic given name Cormac , and may refer to: In science Allan McLeod Cormack, South African American Nobel prize winner as co inventor of Computed tomography. Gordon Cormack, Canadian computer scientist and… …   Wikipedia

  • Cormack — ist der Name folgender Personen: Allan McLeod Cormack (1924–1998), südafrikanisch US amerikanischer Physiker und Nobelpreisträger für Medizin 1979 Peter Cormack (* 1946), schottischer Fußballspieler Siehe auch: Klassifikation nach Cormack und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • X-ray computed tomography — For non medical computed tomography, see Industrial CT Scanning. catSCAN redirects here. For the Transformers character, see Transformers: Universe. X ray computed tomography Intervention A patient is receiving a CT scan for cancer. Outsid …   Wikipedia


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