Maumbury Rings


Maumbury Rings

Maumbury Rings is a Neolithic henge in the south of Dorchester town in Dorset, England. It is a large circular earthwork, 85 metres in diameter, with a single bank and internal ditch and an entrance to the north east. The ditch was created by digging a series of funnel-shaped shafts, each 10 metres deep, which were so closely positioned as to create a continuous trench. Human and deer skull fragments were found in the ditch fill when it was excavated in the early 20th century.

Two thousand five hundred years after construction, during the Roman occupation, the site was adapted as an amphitheatre for the use of the citizens of the nearby Roman town of Durnovaria (Dorchester). The entrance was retained and an inner enclosure built in the south west interpreted as being for the use of the performers. The inside of the henge was lowered, with the material produced piled onto the banks.

During the Civil War the site was again reused as an artillery fort guarding the southern approach to Dorchester. The site as it exists today is a product of the remodelling during this era - the most significant modification was the large ramp opposite the entrance.

Its amphitheatre role was briefly revived in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, as a place of public execution. In 1685, at the close of the Monmouth Rebellion, Judge Jeffreys ordered eighty of the rebels to be executed here. In 1705 Mary Channing, a nineteen year old woman found guilty of poisoning her husband, was executed by strangulation and burning at the Rings. Thomas Hardy used this event in his poem The Mock Wife, and recorded some details of his research into the event in his personal writings.

The monument is now a public open space, and used for open-air concerts, festivals and re-enactments.

the Maumbury Rings viewed from northern end

External links

Coordinates: 50°42′28″N 2°26′25″W / 50.70790°N 2.44039°W / 50.70790; -2.44039


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maumbury Rings — ist ein neolithisches Hengemonument in Dorchester (Großbritannien) an der Straße nach Weymouth. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Historie 2 Neuzeit 3 Literatur 4 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rings — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Johannes Rings (Architekt) (1922 1986), Kölner Architekt Johannes Rings (Politiker) (1856–1950), Mitglied des Kölner Stadtrates und Journalist Josef Rings (1878–1957), deutscher Architekt und Stadtplaner… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dorchester, Dorset — Coordinates: 50°42′00″N 2°26′00″W / 50.7°N 2.433333°W / 50.7; 2.433333 …   Wikipedia

  • Durnovaria — is the Latin form of the Brythonic name for the Roman town of Dorchester in the modern English county of Dorset. Contents 1 Romans at Maiden Castle 2 Roman Dorchester 3 Extant remains …   Wikipedia

  • James Scott, 1. Herzog von Monmouth — James Scott, Herzog von Monmouth, (* 9. April 1649; † 1685) war ein unehelicher Sohn von König Karl II. von England, englischer Thronprätendent, Feldherr und Führer der Monmouth Rebellion. Leben James entsprang einer Verbindung des englischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henge — s, burials, central mounds, and stakeholes ( [http://www.eng h.gov.uk/mpp/mcd/sub/henges1.htm English Heritage definition] ).Because of the defensive impracticalities of an enclosure with an external bank and an internal ditch (rather than vice… …   Wikipedia

  • List of prehistoric structures in Great Britain — Great Britain has many prehistoric sites and structures of interest, dating from the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age. The most famous one is probably Stonehenge, in Wiltshire.tructures and sitesAgricultural structures, mines and… …   Wikipedia

  • Megalith — Megalithic tomb, Mane Braz, Brittany …   Wikipedia

  • The Mayor of Casterbridge —   Henchard on the way to the fair with Susan and Elizabeth Jane …   Wikipedia

  • Neolithic Europe — Map showing the Neolithic expansions from the 7th to the 5th millennium BC, including the Cardium Culture in blue …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.