Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin


Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin
Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin

Prince Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp (11 January 1673 – 24 April 1726) was Duke of Slesvig-Holstein, prince regent of Eutin, prince-bishop of Lübeck and regent of the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp.

He was a younger son of Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark and Norway. Therefore, it was his eldest brother, Frederick IV, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, who naturally succeeded their father as ruler of the small principality, with Christian August given the tiny fiefdom of Eutin. Additionally, his family managed to have him elected as the Lutheran bishop of Lübeck, which at the time entailed a sovereign princely position in the Holy Roman Empire.

When his eldest brother died in 1702, leaving only an underage son (Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp) as his heir, and his sister-in-law, the regent Hedvig Sophia of Sweden died a few years later, Christian August was installed as administrator (under the superiority of his sister-in-law) and then (after his sister-in-law's death in 1708) full regent of their principality of Holstein-Gottorp, which was severely ravaged by the violence of Great Northern War.

Prince Christian August married Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach (3 July 1682-26 December 1755), on 2 September 1704, with whom he had ten children.

  • Hedwig Sophie Auguste of Holstein-Gottorp (9 October 1705-4 October 1764), Abbess of Herford, 1750–1764
  • Charles Augustus of Holstein-Gottorp (26 November 1706-31 May 1727)
  • Frederica Amalia of Holstein-Gottorp (12 January 1708-19 January 1782), a nun at Quedlinburg
  • Anne of Holstein-Gottorp (3 February 1709-2 February 1758); m. William, Duke of Saxe-Gotha
  • Adolf Frederick of Eutin (14 May 1710-12 April 1771), became crown prince of Sweden in 1743, and then ascended the throne of King of Sweden in 1751.
  • Frederick August of Eutin (20 September 1711-6 July 1785), received the position of bishop of Lübeck, after Adolf Frederick (who held it until going to Sweden), as well as the fiefdom of Eutin. In 1773, Frederick August received Oldenburg and Delmenhorst from their young cousin (and future Tsar of Russia), Paul, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, thus adding the state of Oldenburg which would become a Grand Duchy much later.
  • Joanna Elisabeth (24 October 1712-30 May 1760), became a princess of Anhalt through marriage with Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst, and mothered Catherine the Great, Empress regnant of Russia.
  • William Christian of Holstein-Gottorp (20 September 1716-26 June 1719)
  • Frederick Conrad of Holstein-Gottorp (12 March 1718-1719)
  • George Louis of Holstein-Gottorp (16 March 1719-7 September 1763) father of Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg

Christian August was succeeded by his sons Charles Augustus, who died before factually taking office, and then Adolf Frederick.

Christian Augustus
House of Holstein-Gottorp
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 11 January 1673 Died: 24 April 1726
Religious titles
Regnal titles
Preceded by
August Frederick
(Lutheran Administrator)
Prince-Bishop of Lübeck
1705–1726
(Lutheran Administrator)
Succeeded by
Charles August
(Lutheran Administrator)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Christian-Auguste de Holstein-Gottorp — Portrait de Christian Auguste de Holstein Gottorp Prince évêque laïc luthérien de Lübeck Règne 1705 1726 Prédécesseur Auguste F …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christian Auguste de Holstein-Gottorp — (en allemand Christian August von Holstein Gottorp), né le 3 février 1673 à Gottorp, décédé le 6 janvier 1726 à Gottorp. Il fut régent de la principauté de Holstein Gottorp, prince évêque de Lübeck, prince d Eutin. Sommaire 1 Famille 1.1 Mariage… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christian August — may refer to: Christian August of Holstein Gottorp, Prince of Eutin (1673–1726) Christian August of Saxe Zeitz (1666–1725) Christian August, Prince of Anhalt Zerbst (1690–1747) Charles August, Crown Prince of Sweden (1768–1810), also known as… …   Wikipedia

  • Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst — For other people called Prince Christian, see Prince Christian (disambiguation). Christian August, Prince of Anhalt Zerbst Portrait of Christian August by Antoin Pesne, c.1746 Spouse(s) Joanna Elisabeth of Holstein Gottorp …   Wikipedia

  • Dukes of Holstein-Gottorp — Main articles: History of Schleswig Holstein and List of rulers of Schleswig Holstein Schloss Gottorf Holstein Gottorp or Schleswig Holstein Gottorp is the historiographical name, as well as contemporary shorthand name, for the parts of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Auguste Frédéric de Holstein-Gottorp — Auguste Frédéric de Holstein Gottorp, Prince Evêque de Lübeck Auguste Frédéric de Holstein Gottorp (en allemand : August Friedrich von Schleswig Holstein Gottorf), né le 6 mai 1646 à Schleswig, décédé le 2 octobre 1705 à Eutin. Prince de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of consorts of Holstein-Gottorp — See Also: Dukes of Holstein Gottorp The Duchesses of Holstein Gottorp were the consorts of the rulers of Holstein Gottorp. Contents 1 Duchess consort of Schleswig and Holstein in Gottorp, 1544 1713 2 Duchess consort of Holstein Gottorp, since… …   Wikipedia

  • Prince Frederick Adolf of Sweden — Prince Fredrick Adolf (July 18 1750 December 12 1803 Montepllier, France), was a Swedish Prince, youngest son of King Adolf Frederick of Sweden and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia, a sister Frederick the Great, King of Prussia. He was given the title… …   Wikipedia

  • Prince Christian — may refer to: Living people *Prince Christian of Denmark (born 2005), son of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark and Mary Elizabeth Donaldson *Prince Christian of Hanover (born 1985), son of Ernst August V, Prince of Hanover and Chantal Hochuli,… …   Wikipedia

  • August, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels — He was the fourth (fifth in order of birth) but second surviving son of Johann Georg I, Elector of Saxony and his second wife Magdalene Sybille of Prussia.Early lifeOn 23 January 1628, with only 13 years, August was appointed by the Chapter as… …   Wikipedia