Hartlepool (UK Parliament constituency)


Hartlepool (UK Parliament constituency)

UK constituency infobox
Name = Hartlepool
Map1 = Hartlepool
Map2 = Cleveland
Type = Borough
Year = 1868
Entity = Cleveland
County = N/A
EP = North East England
MP = Iain Wright
Party = Labour

Hartlepool is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries

The seat is currently coterminous with the borough of Hartlepool, which has close to the average population for a UK parliamentary constituency. The seat includes the town of Hartlepool itself and the nearby villages of Hart, Elwick, Greatham, Newton Bewley and Dalton Piercy. Before 1974 the seat was known as The Hartlepools (reflecting the representation of both 'old' Hartlepool and West Hartlepool).

History

Hartlepool was enfranchised as a borough constituency by the Reform Act of 1867, being given one MP. It had previously been part of a two-MP electoral division in County Durham.

Since the Second World War,Hartlepool has been a traditionally Labour constituency, though it has attracted surprises at times.It was held by the Conservatives between 1959-1964,and in the 1992 general election, Edward Leadbitter stood down and was succeeded by the former Labour Director of Communications Peter Mandelson. Mandelson's pivotal role in the reshaping of the Labour Party into New Labour has attracted much attention and he has become a prominent target. During the first term of office of the Labour government he was twice appointed to the Cabinet and twice forced to resign amidst controversial scandals. In the 2001 general election, there was a prominent contest when the former leader of the National Union of Mineworkers and current leader of the Socialist Labour Party, Arthur Scargill stood, hoping to exploit uneasiness about "New Labour" in the traditional Labour heartlands. In the event, Mandelson held his seat, while Scargill polled only 912 votes. Mandelson shocked many with a highly triumphalist victory speech in which he declared "They underestimated Hartlepool, and they underestimated me, because "I am a fighter and not a quitter!" [http://news.bbc.co.uk/olmedia/1375000/video/_1376807_mandelson02_speech_vi.ram ] .

The following year, the town's first direct Mayoral election generated surprise when the mascot of Hartlepool United F.C., "H'Angus the Monkey" (real name Stuart Drummond) was elected on a platform that included free bananas for schoolchildren.

Mandelson quit his role as MP for Hartlepool when he was appointed as a European Commissioner in the summer of 2004. This triggered a by-election that took place on September 30 2004. The Hartlepool by-election was the last before the 2005 general election.

Members of Parliament

Elections

Election box begin
title=General Election 2005: Hartlepool
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Iain Wright
votes = 18,251
percentage = 51.5
change = -7.6
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Jody Dunn
votes = 10,773
percentage = 30.4
change = +15.4
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Amanda Vigar
votes = 4,058
percentage = 11.5
change = -9.4
Election box candidate with party link
party = United Kingdom Independence Party
candidate = George Springer
votes = 1,256
percentage = 3.5
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Socialist Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Frank Harrison
votes = 373
percentage = 1.1
change = -1.3
Election box candidate with party link
party = Green Party of England and Wales
candidate = Iris Ryder
votes = 288
percentage = 0.8
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = John Hobbs
votes = 275
percentage = 0.8
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Official Monster Raving Loony Party
candidate = Headbanger (Sausage Supremo) Headbanger
votes = 162
percentage = 0.5
change =
Election box majority
votes = 7,478
percentage = 21.1
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 35,436
percentage = 51.5
change = -4.3
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing = -11.5

Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Iain Wright
votes = 12,752
percentage = 40.7
change = -18.5
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Jody Dunn
votes = 10,719
percentage = 34.2
change = +19.2
Election box candidate with party link
party = United Kingdom Independence Party
candidate = Stephen Allison
votes = 3,193
percentage = 10.2
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Jeremy Middleton
votes = 3,044
percentage = 9.7
change = -11.1
Election box candidate with party link
party = RESPECT The Unity Coalition
candidate = John Bloom
votes = 572
percentage = 1.8
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Green Party of England and Wales
candidate = Iris Ryder
votes = 255
percentage = 0.8
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = National Front (UK)
candidate = John Starkey
votes = 246
percentage = 0.8
change =
Election box candidate
party = Independent (Fathers 4 Justice)
candidate = Peter Watson
votes = 139
percentage = 0.4
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Socialist Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Christopher Herriot
votes = 95
percentage = 0.3
change = -2.1
Election box candidate with party link
party = The Common Good
candidate = Rev Dick Rodgers
votes = 91
percentage = 0.3
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = Philip Berriman
votes = 90
percentage = 0.3
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Official Monster Raving Loony Party
candidate = Alan Hope
votes = 80
percentage = 0.3
change =
Election box candidate
party = Independent (Rainbow)
candidate = Ronnie Carroll
votes = 45
percentage = 0.1
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = English Democrats Party
candidate = Ed Abrams
votes = 41
percentage = 0.1
change =
Election box majority
votes = 2,033
percentage = 6.5
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 31,362
percentage = 45.77
change =

Election box begin
title=General Election 2001: Hartlepool
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Peter Mandelson
votes = 22,506
percentage = 59.1
change = -1.6
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Gus Robinson
votes = 7,935
percentage = 20.9
change = -0.5
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Nigel Boddy
votes = 5,717
percentage = 15.0
change = +1.0
Election box candidate with party link
party = Socialist Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Arthur Scargill
votes = 912
percentage = 2.4
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = Ian Cameron
votes = 557
percentage = 1.5
change = "N/A"
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = John Booth
votes = 424
percentage = 1.1
change = "N/A"
Election box majority
votes = 14,571
percentage = 38.2
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 38,051
percentage = 55.8
change = -9.8
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1997: Hartlepool
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Peter Mandelson
votes = 26,997
percentage = 60.7
change = +8.9
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = Michael Horsley
votes = 9,489
percentage = 21.3
change = -13.5
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = Reginald Clark
votes = 6,248
percentage = 14.1
change = +0.8
Election box candidate with party link
party = Referendum Party
candidate = Maureen Henderson
votes = 1,718
percentage = 3.9
change =
Election box majority
votes = 17,508
percentage = 39.4
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 44,452
percentage = 65.65
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing = +11.2

Election box begin
title=General Election 1992: Hartlepool
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = Peter Mandelson
votes = 26,816
percentage = 51.9
change = +3.3
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = G.M. Robb
votes = 18,034
percentage = 34.9
change = +1.0
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Democrats (UK)
candidate = I.J.H Cameron
votes = 6,860
percentage = 13.3
change = -0.7
Election box majority
votes = 8,782
percentage = 17.0
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 51,710
percentage = 76.1
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1987: Hartlepool
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = E. Leadbitter
votes = 24,296
percentage = 48.5
change = +3.0
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = P.C. Catchpole
votes = 17,007
percentage = 33.9
change = -5.3
Election box candidate with party link
party = SDP-Liberal Alliance
candidate = A. Preece
votes = 7,047
percentage = 14.1
change = -1.3
Election box candidate with party link
party = Independent (politician)
candidate = I.J.H Cameron
votes = 1,786
percentage = 3.6
change =
Election box majority
votes = 7,289
percentage = 14.5
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 50,136
percentage = 73.0
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1983: Hartlepool
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = E. Leadbitter
votes = 22,048
percentage = 45.5
change = -9.9
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = F. Rogers
votes = 18,958
percentage = 39.2
change = +1.3
Election box candidate with party link
party = Social Democratic Party (UK)
candidate = N. Bertram
votes = 7,422
percentage = 15.3
change = +8.6
Election box majority
votes = 3,090
percentage = 6.3
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 48,434
percentage = 69.8
change =
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1979: Hartlepool
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = E. Leadbitter
votes = 27,039
percentage = 55.1
change = +3.4
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = K. Miller
votes = 18,887
percentage = 38.4
change = +3.4
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = C. Abbott
votes = 3,193
percentage = 6.5
change = -6.9
Election box majority
votes = 8,162
percentage = 16.6
change = -0.1
Election box turnout
votes = 49,109
percentage = 74.7
change = +2.3
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election October 1974: Hartlepool
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = E. Leadbitter
votes = 24,440
percentage = 51.7
change = -2.6
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = NH Freeman
votes = 16,546
percentage = 35.0
change = -10.7
Election box candidate with party link
party = Liberal Party (UK)
candidate = L Tostevin
votes = 6,314
percentage = 13.4
change =
Election box majority
votes = 7,894
percentage = 16.7
change = +8.1
Election box turnout
votes = 47300
percentage = 72.4
change = -4.5
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election February 1974: Hartlepool
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = E. Leadbitter
votes = 26,988
percentage = 54.3
change = -3.6
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = NH Freeman
votes = 22,700
percentage = 45.7
change = +3.5
Election box majority
votes = 4,288
percentage = 8.6
change = -6.8
Election box turnout
votes = 49,688
percentage = 76.9
change = +2.5
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1970: The Hartlepools
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = E. Leadbitter
votes = 27,704
percentage = 57.9
change = -1.4
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = RM Marshall
votes = 20,188
percentage = 42.2
change = +1.5
Election box majority
votes = 7,516
percentage = 15.7
change = -3.0
Election box turnout
votes = 47,892
percentage = 74.4
change = -4.0
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1966: The Hartlepools
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = E. Leadbitter
votes = 27,509
percentage = 59.3
change = +6.4
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = H Bransom
votes = 18,857
percentage = 40.7
change = -6.4
Election box majority
votes = 8,652
percentage = 18.7
change = +12.8
Election box turnout
votes = 46,366
percentage = 78.5
change = -3.4
Election box hold with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1964: The Hartlepools
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = E. Leadbitter
votes = 25,883
percentage = 52.9
change = +3.1
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = G Dodsworth
votes = 23,016
percentage = 47.1
change = -3.1
Election box majority
votes = 2,867
percentage = 5.9
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 48,899
percentage = 81.9
change = -1.4
Election box gain with party link
winner = Labour Party (UK)
loser = Conservative Party (UK)
swing =

Election box begin
title=General Election 1959: The Hartlepools
Election box candidate with party link
party = Conservative Party (UK)
candidate = JS Kerans
votes = 25,463
percentage = 50.2
change =
Election box candidate with party link
party = Labour Party (UK)
candidate = DT Jones
votes = 25,281
percentage = 49.8
change =
Election box majority
votes = 182
percentage = 0.4
change =
Election box turnout
votes = 50,744
percentage = 83.3
change =
Election box gain with party link
winner = Conservative Party (UK)
loser = Labour Party (UK)
swing =

See also

* List of Parliamentary constituencies in Cleveland


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