Santa Ana, California


Santa Ana, California

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Santa Ana, California
settlement_type = City


imagesize =
image_caption =
image_




mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of Santa Ana within Orange County, California.


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Miguel A. Pulido
subdivision_type =Country
subdivision_type1 =State
subdivision_type2 =County
subdivision_name =United States
subdivision_name1 =California
subdivision_name2 =Orange
stablished_date =
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 71.0
area_land_km2 = 70.3
area_water_km2 = 0.7
area_total_sq_mi = 27.4
area_land_sq_mi = 27.1
area_water_sq_mi = 0.3
elevation_m = 35
elevation_ft = 115
latd = 33 |latm = 44 |lats = 27 |latNS = N
longd = 117 |longm = 52 |longs = 53 |longEW = W
population_as_of = January 1, 2008
population_total = 353184
population_density_km2 = 5024
timezone = PST
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = PDT
utc_offset_DST = -7
latitude = 33°44'27" N
longitude = 117°52'53" W
website = http://www.santa-ana.org
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 92701-92708, 92711, 92712, 92725, 92728, 92735, 92799
area_code = 714/949
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 06-69000
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1652790
footnotes =
Founded in 1869, Santa Ana (pron-en|ˌsæntə ˈænə) is the most populous city in Orange County, California and is the county seat and a city of about 353,184 people [http://www.dof.ca.gov/research/demographic/reports/estimates/e-1_2006-07/] . Santa Ana is located in Southern California on the Santa Ana River, ten miles (16 km) away from the California coast. Santa Ana is part of the Los Angeles–Long Beach–Santa Ana metropolitan area which, according to the U.S. Census Bureau, is the second largest metropolitan area in the United States with almost thirteen million people. The Santa Ana Freeway (Interstate 5) runs through the city, and the Costa Mesa Freeway (55 Freeway) and Garden Grove Freeway (22 Freeway) travel along its edges. Santa Ana is home to two Fortune 500 companies, including Ingram Micro, and First American Corp. Santa Ana is also home to the famous guitar manufacturer, Rickenbacker International Corporation. It is today best known for its large and diverse Hispanic population, now comprising about 80% of what was once a virtually all-caucasian city.fact|date=October 2008 Santa Ana also has the largest Spanish-speaking population per capita for a city its size in the United States.fact|date=October 2008 The current OMB metropolitan designation for Santa Ana and the Orange County Area is "Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine, CA."

History

Members of the Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño nations long inhabited the area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolá, an expedition that came out of Mexico City, then capitol of New Spain, Friar Junípero Serra named the area Vallejo de Santa Ana (Valley of Saint Anne, or Santa Ana Valley). On November 1, 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano was established within this valley. This Santa Ana Valley comprised most of what is now called Orange County.

In 1810, year of the commencement of the war of Mexican Independence (1810-1821), Jose Antonio Yorba, a sergeant of the Spanish army, was granted land that he called Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana. Yorba's rancho included the lands where the cities of Olive, Orange, Irvine,Yorba Linda, Villa Park, Santa Ana, Tustin, Costa Mesa and unincorporated El Modena, and Santa Ana Heights, are today. This ranch was the only land grant in Orange County granted under Spanish Rule. Surrounding land grants in Orange County were granted after Mexican Independence by the new government.

After the Mexican-American war ended in 1848, Alta California became part of the United States and American settlers arrived in this area.

Claimed in 1869 by Kentuckian William H. Spurgeon on land obtained from the descendents of Jose Antonio Yorba, Santa Ana was incorporated as a city in 1886 with a population of 2000 and in 1889 became the seat of the newly formed Orange County.

One of Santa Ana's most notable businesses is the Rickenbacker musical instrument company, whose electric guitars and bass guitars earned fame in the hands of many rock and roll legends. Santa Ana is also the home of the First American Corporation and Ingram Micro, and the original Glenn L. Martin aviation company, which later merged with the Lockheed Corporation to form the largest aircraft and weapons manufacturing corporation on the planet, Lockheed Martin.

Geography

Santa Ana is located at coor dms|33|44|27|N|117|52|53|W|city (33.740717, -117.881408)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 71.0 km² (27.4 mi²). 70.3 km² (27.1 mi²) of it is land and 0.7 km² (0.3 mi²) of it (0.95%) is water. It is the 8th most densely populated place in the United States with a population of 100,000 or more with 12,471.5 people per sq. mile.

The city is relatively flat with little land elevation change from location to location.

Education

Mater Dei High School, Valley High School, Middle College High School, Santa Ana High School, Saddleback High School, Century High School, Segerstrom Fundamental High School, newly opened Godinez Fundamental High School, Cesar E. Chavez High School, and other major schools in the area, along with the Orange County High School of the Arts in the midtown district. It also is home to one of the many post-secondary private Art Institutions of California.

Santa Ana Unified School District includes thirty-seven K-5 elementary schools, nine 6-8 intermediate schools, eight 9-12 high schools, five special schools, and one charter school. The school district provides an online accountability report card, viewable at this url address: http://www.sausd.k12.ca.us/departments/research_eval/accountability.asp

The Roman Catholic Diocesan K-8 schools available in Santa Ana are: School of Our Lady, Saint Anne, Saint Barbara, and Saint Joseph. (Immaculate Heart Of Mary And Our Lady Of the Pillar schools were closed in 2005 and merged into the School of Our Lady which is located at Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish. [http://www.schoolofourlady.org]

Seat of government for one of the wealthiest counties in the United States, Santa Ana is close to several fine public and private universities and colleges, including California State University, Fullerton, California Coast University, Chapman University, Soka University of America, Whittier Law School and University of California - Irvine, Detective Training Institute among others.

Demographics

USCensusPop
1900 = 4933
1910 = 8429
1920 = 15485
1930 = 30322
1940 = 31921
1950 = 45533
1960 = 100350
1970 = 156601
1980 = 203713
1990 = 293742
2000 = 337977
estimate=353428
estyear=2007

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 337,977 people, 73,002 households, and 59,788 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,808.2/km² (12,451.9/mi²). There were 74,588 housing units at an average density of 1,061.1/km² (2,748.0/mi²). Some consider these numbers to be severely undercounted, and put the population, which may consist of up to 25% illegal immigrants, at 500,000. [Arellano, Gustavo. [http://www.imdiversity.com/villages/hispanic/arts_culture_media/pns_real_latino_OC_1004.asp Latino Youth Talk About the Real "O. C."] Pacific News Service, October 11, 2004.] Santa Ana's population density is 4.6 per housing unit, the highest of any American city over 50,000. (By contrast, New York's is 2.8, and Los Angeles's density is 2.6 persons per housing unit.) Many residents live in illegally converted garages or in rooms not meant for occupancy. The city has attempted to reduce the number of individuals living inside one house by passing density limitations, which resulted in a civil rights lawsuit being filed and the limits ultimately dropped. [Mena, Jennifer. " In Housing Density, It's Too Close for Comfort." "Los Angeles Times", September 15, 2003.]

The racial makeup of the city was 42.73% White, 1.70% African American, 1.19% Native American, 8.81% Asian, 0.34% Pacific Islander, 40.64% from other races, and 4.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 80.07% of the population. Non-Hispanic Whites make up 12.4% of the population, down from 70% in 1970. [ [http://www.census.gov/population/documentation/twps0076/CAtab.pdf Table 5. California - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Large Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990 ] ]

There were 73,002 households out of which 53.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.1% were non-families. 12.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.55 and the average family size was 4.72.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 12.8% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 13.5% from 45 to 64, and 5.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 107.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 108.7 males. Santa Ana bucks the national trend on a large percentage of young people under the age of 21.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,412, and the median income for a family was $41,050. Males had a median income of $23,342 versus $21,637 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,152. About 16.1% of families and 25.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over. Santa Ana is a city divided by socio-economic class stratification after decades of immigration and economic prosperity.

Politics

In the state legislature Santa Ana is located in the 34th Senate District represented by Democrat Lou Correa, and in the 69th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jose Solorio. Federally, Santa Ana is located in California's 47th Congressional District and is represented by Democrat Loretta Sanchez.

Business

Santa Ana is home to:

* First American Corporation
* Ingram Micro
* The Orange County Register
* Greenwood & Hall
* Behr Paint
* Wahoo's Fish Taco

Climate

Santa Ana experiences the warm sunny weather that Southern California is famous for. Santa Ana's climate can best be called mild. Winter daytime temperatures average in the high sixties and low seventies (degrees Fahrenheit), and summer daytime temperatures average in the mid eighties. Rainfall averages below fourteen inches (356 mm) per year.

Transportation

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Santa Ana several times on weekdays with less frequent service on weekends. It operates its Pacific Surfliner between San Diego to the south and either Los Angeles or Paso Robles to the north (see Santa Ana Regional Transportation Center). Greyhound USA is the largest bus transportation service in Santa Ana. Greyhound serves the continental United States and Canada. The bus lines Crucero, Intercalifornias, and others serve all points into Mexico.

Santa Ana is also served by Metrolink's Orange County Line (Oceanside to Union Station), and Inland Empire-Orange County Line (San Bernardino to San Juan Capistrano).

Public transit bus service is available via the Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA).

John Wayne Airport is located at 18601 Airport Way Santa Ana, CA 92707. The IATA code for the airport is SNA.

Notable natives and residents

* David Aldana, former professional motorcycle racer
* David "Elsewhere" Bernal, actor and dancer
* Beverly Bivens, singer
* Marlon Brando, actor
* Gerald Carr, astronaut
* Sandro Dias, professional skateboarder
* Philip K. Dick, writer
* Lenny Dykstra , former MLB player, 3-time all star
* Diane Keaton, actress (Santa Ana High School Graduate)
* Matt Leinart, football player (Mater Dei High School graduate)
* Rueben Martinez - activist and MacArthur Fellow
* Bill Medley, singer and songwriter
* Mike Ness, musician
* Louie Olivos Jr., actor and dramatist
* Michelle Pfeiffer, actress (Santa Ana Valley High School granuate)
* Erasmo Ramirez, professional baseball player (Saddleback High School graduate)
* John Raitt, musician
* Garry Templeton, former baseball player (Santa Ana Valley High School graduate)
* Gerald Young, former baseball player (Santa Ana Valley High School graduate)
* Gilbert Melendez, Mixed Martial Artist (Santa Ana High School Graduate)
* Kelly Talavou, NFL player (Saddleback High School attendee(9-11 grade)]

Sites of interest

*Artist Village and Civic Center (See Downtown Santa Ana Historic Districts).
*Bowers Museum - History museum started in the 1930s with a large collection of Central American artifacts.
* [http://www.centennialmuseum.org Centennial Heritage Museum] - home of the Kellogg House and other 1890s buildings
*CSUF Grand Central Art Center - At the heart of the Artist Village in Santa Ana.
*Delhi Park and El Salvador Park (Artesia Pilar Neighborhood)
*Discovery Science Center.
*Downtown National Register District.
*Downtown Santa Ana Historic Districts.
* [http://santaanahistory.com Dr. Willella Howe-Waffle House and Medical Museum] .
*El Centro Cultural de México.
* [http://www.galaxytheatre.com Galaxy Theatre] .
* [http://www.floral-park.com Historic Floral Park] .
* [http://www.frenchpark.org Historic French Park] .
*Main Place Mall opened in 1990.
* [http://www.ocpavilion.com OC Pavilion] performing arts center and 5-star restaurant Ambrosia.
*Old Orange County Courthouse.
*Santa Ana Civic Center
*Santa Ana College
* [http://santaanahistory.com/SAFD-museum.htm Santa Ana Fire Department's Firefighter's Museum] .
*Santa Ana Zoo, built in 1960.
* [http://www.stjosephsa.org St. Joseph Catholic Church] .
* [http://www.solartgallerycafe.com Sol Art Gallery Cafe]

The Rancho Santiago Community College District, established in 1878, has six satellite campus locations across Orange County, including Santa Ana College.

Greenville, a formerly rural section of Santa Ana, has buildings over a century-old, but industrial complexes replaced agricultural fields that once surrounded the town.

Santa Ana has several wall paintings and murals depicting local history, community events and cultural diversity in Orange County.

ee also

*Rancho Santiago de Santa Ana
*Rancho San Juan Cajón de Santa Ana
*Rancho Cañón de Santa Ana (Santa Ana Canyon Ranch)
*Santa Ana Civic Center
*Santa Ana Canyon
*Santa Ana Valley
*Santa Ana Freeway
*Santa Ana Heights
*Santa Ana Mountains
*Santa Ana Regional Transportation Center
*Santa Ana River
*Santa Ana Winds
*Santa Ana Barrios
*Greater Los Angeles
*List of Mexican American Communities
*List of California Communities with Hispanic Majority Populations
*Historic Yost Theater

Notes and References

External links

* [http://www.ci.santa-ana.ca.us/ City of Santa Ana Website]
* [http://www.youseemore.com/santaana/ Santa Ana Public Library]
* [http://www.santaanazoo.org/ Santa Ana Zoo]
* [http://www.grainproject.org/ Santa Ana Farmers Market]
* [http://www.santaanahistory.com/ Santa Ana Historical Preservation Society]
* [http://cinematreasures.org/search/query=Santa+Ana&search=city/ Cinema Treasures - Santa Ana]
* [http://www.occrazies.com De Pietro Performing Arts Center] .
* [http://www.locationoc.com/ Location Orange County]
* [http://www.ocbc.org/ Orange County Business Council (Chamber of Commerce)]
* [http://www.santaanachamber.com/ Santa Ana Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.ocartsource.org/ Orange County ArtSource (Links to the Arts in Orange County)]
* [http://www.octa.net/ Orange County Transportation Authority]
* [http://www.aplaceforart.org/ Santa Ana Art Scene and Events]
* [http://sawinds.org/ Santa Ana Winds Youth Band, Official Ambassadors of Music for Orange County]
* [http://www.ocpavilion.com/ OC Pavilion]
* [http://www.nps.gov/nr/ National Register of Historic Places]


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