Harbin Z-9

Harbin Z-9

Infobox Aircraft
name= Harbin Z-9
type= Medium multi-purpose helicopter
manufacturer= Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation
first flight= 1981
introduced= 1994
status= Operational
primary user= China
more users= Pakistan Navy
number built= 200+
unit cost=
developed from = Aérospatiale Dauphin
variants with their own articles=

The Harbin Z-9 is a Chinese military utility helicopter. It is a license-built version of the French Eurocopter Dauphin, and is manufactured by Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation. The first Z-9 flew in 1981, and was built in China from components supplied by Aérospatiale, but by the early 1990s the Z-9B was being built from over 70% indigenous Chinese components.cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Z-9 Utility Helicopter | date=2007-01-06 | publisher=SinoDefence.com | url =http://www.sinodefence.com/airforce/helicopter/z9.asp | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-03-26 | language = ]

On 16 January 1992, indigenous variant Z-9B was constructed with 70% Chinese-made parts flew successfully. The flight test completed in November 1992, with design certificate being certified later next month. The Z-9B production began in 1993, entering PLA service in 1994.

The Z-9B features 11-blade Fenestron faired-in tail rotor with wider-chord, all-composite blades replacing the 13-blade in AS 365N. As a light tactical troop transport, the Z-9 has the capacity to transport 10 fully armed soldiers.

Generally the Z-9 is identical to the AS 365N Dauphin, though later variants of the Z-9 incorporate more composite materials to increase structural strength and lower radar signature. The helicopter has a four-blade main rotor, with two turboshaft engines mounted side by side on top of the cabin with engine layout identical to the AS 365N. The Z-9 teardrop-shaped body features a tapered boom to the tail fin, with rounded nose and stepped-up cockpit, and retractable gear and all flat bottom.


An attack helicopter variant has been fielded by the PLA since the early 1990s as the WZ-9 or Z-9W, with pylons fitted for anti-tank missiles. These helicopters lack the maneuverability and survivability of a proper attack helicopter, and merely provide a stopgap during the development of the WZ-10. The latest armed version, the Z-9W, was introduced in 2005 and has night attack capabilities, with an under-nose low-light TV and infra-red observing and tracking unit.

The naval version introduced in the 1990s is known as the Z-9C. As well as SAR and ASW duties, the Z-9C can be fitted with an X-band KLC-1 surface search radar to detect surface targets beyond the range of shipborne radar systems.cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Z-9C (AS 565 Panther) Naval Helicopter | date=2007-28-07 | publisher=SinoDefence.com | url =http://www.sinodefence.com/airforce/helicopter/z9c.asp | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-03-26 | language = ]

*Z-9: Chinese copy of the French AS.365N1.
*Z-9A: Chinese kit-built version of the AS.365N2.
*Z-9A-100: Prototypes for domestic market versions with WZ8A engines. First flight 16 January 1992, approved 30 December 1992.
*Z-9B: Initial version based on Z-9A-100. Multi-role.
*Z-9C: Chinese copy of the Eurocopter AS.565 Panther given to the PLA Naval Air Force.
*WZ-9/Z-9W: Armed version with optional pylon-mounted armament and gyro stabilised, roof-mounted optical sight. Export designation Z-9G, roof-mounted sight optional. Newer night-capable versions have been built with nose-mounted FLIR.
*H410A: Version with 635kW WZ8C turboshaft engines. First flight September 2001, CAAC certification 10 July 2002. One is currently beeng fitted with a new Mast-Mounted Sighting (MMS) system.
*H425: Newest VIP version of the H410A.
*H450: Projected development.


*Pakistan Navy

pecifications (Z-9B)

aircraft specifications
plane or copter?=copter
jet or prop?=prop
ref=SinoDefence.comcite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Z-9 Specifications | date=2007-01-06 | publisher=SinoDefence.com | url =http://www.sinodefence.com/airforce/helicopter/z9-specifications.asp | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-03-26 | language = ]
crew=2 Pilots
capacity=10 armed soldiers
payload main=2,038 kg
payload alt=4,493 lb
length main= 13.46 m (without rotors); 13.68 m (with rotors)
length alt=44ft 11in
span main=
span alt=
height main= 3.47 m
height alt=11ft 4in
area main=
area alt=
empty weight main=2,050 kg
empty weight alt=4,519 lb
loaded weight main=
loaded weight alt=
useful load main=
useful load alt=
max takeoff weight main=4,100 kg
max takeoff weight alt=9,038 lb
max payload=1,900kg
engine (prop)=Turbomeca Arriel-1C1 (produced under licence as WZ-8A)
type of prop= Turboshaft
number of props= 2
power main=
power alt=
power original=
max speed main=315 km/h, 195 mph
max speed alt=170 kt
cruise speed main=285 km/h, 173 mph
cruise speed alt=150 kt
stall speed main=
stall speed alt=
never exceed speed main=
never exceed speed alt=
range main=1,000 km
range alt=621 mi
ceiling main=6,000 m
ceiling alt=20,000 ft
climb rate main=
climb rate alt=
loading main=
loading alt=
power/mass main=
power/mass alt=
more performance=
armament=2 fixed 23 mm cannons on attack variants. Pylon stores for rockets, gun pods, ET52 torpedo, HJ-8 anti-tank missiles, or TY-90 air-to-air missiles.

ee also

* Eurocopter Dauphin
* Eurocopter Panther
similar aircraft=
* Agusta A109
* Bell 222/230/430
* Sikorsky S-70
* Z-8 - Z-9 - WZ-10 - Z-11
see also=


External links

* [http://www.sinodefence.com/airforce/helicopter/wz9.asp www.sinodefence.com]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HARBIN — (Chinese: Ha örl pin), the capital of Heilung Kiang Province, in N. Manchuria, China. The modern development of Harbin began at the close of the 19th century, with the beginning of the Russian penetration of Manchuria. When Russia was granted the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Harbin Y-12 — Harbin Y 12 …   Википедия

  • Harbin Y-12 — Harbin Y 12 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harbin y-12 — Y 12 II …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Harbin Z-9 — Esquema de un Harbin Z 9 Tipo Helicóptero utilitario mediano Fabricante Harbin Aircraft Manufactu …   Wikipedia Español

  • Harbin SH-5 — Harbin SH 5 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harbin — (chino simplificado: 哈尔滨, chino tradicional: 哈爾濱, pinyin: Hā ĕrbīn) es la capital de la provincia de Heilongjiang en la República Popular China. Tiene una población de más de nueve millones de habitantes (2003) en un área de 53.775 Km². La ciudad …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Harbin — Harbin,   Charbin [x ], Ha|erbin, Hauptstadt der Provinz Heilongjiang, Mandschurei, eines der bedeutendsten Industriezentren Nordostchinas, in einer fruchtbaren Ebene am Mittellauf des viel befahrenen Songhua Jiang, 9,10 Mio. Einwohner; mit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Harbin — (Hairbin), halb seidenes, halb wollenes, camelotartiges Zeug; in England, Sachsen, Österreich u. Böhmen verfertigt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Harbin — Harbin, Ha erbin ou Kharbine v. de la Chine du N. E., ch. l. du Heilongjiang; 2 800 000 hab. Industries …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Harbin — Hàrbin m DEFINICIJA grad i luka u I Kini, 2.443.400 stan …   Hrvatski jezični portal