Religion in Austria


Religion in Austria

= Adherence Figures=

Among religions in Austria, Roman Catholic Christianity is the predominant one. According to the 2001 census, 73.6% of the country's population adhered to this denomination. [cite web | title= Religion in Austria on CIA World Factbook | url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/au.html#People | accessmonthday= December 13 | accessyear= 2006 ] The number of Sunday churchgoers was around 11.5% (as percentage of thetotal Austrian population, that is 914,348 churchgoers out of a total population of 8,043,000). Since 2001, the number of Roman Catholics and number of churchgoers have reduced. The latest figures (as per the end of 2005) available from the Austrian Roman Catholic church itself, list 5,663,000 members or 68.5% of the total Austrian population and a weekly Roman Catholic church attendance of 753,701 or 9% of the total Austrian population. [cite web | title= Kirchliche Statistik der Diozösen Österreichs (Katholiken, Pastoraldaten) für das Jahr 2005 | url=http://www.katholisch.at/site/article_blank.siteswift?so=all&do=all&c=download&d=article%3A107%3A5 | accessmonthday= April 21 | accessyear= 2007 ] The number of Lutherans declined from 5.7% in 1971 to 4.7 in 2006. Most Lutherans reside in the province of Carinthia, in the South of Austria. Meanwhile, the number of Muslims is on the increase, with 4.2%. There are also minor communities of Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jews in Austria. [cite web | title= Religion in Austria on CIA World Factbook | url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/au.html#People | accessmonthday= April 21 | accessyear= 2007 ] [cite web | title= Religion in Austria on Sacred Destinations | url=http://www.sacred-destinations.com/austria/austria-religion.htm | accessmonthday= April 21 | accessyear= 2007 ]

Austrian Roman Catholic church Figures (2005)Fact|date=July 2008
CatholicProtestantMuslimOtherUnspecifiedNone
68.5% 4.7% 4.2% 3.5% 2.0% 17.1%

Poll results

According to the most recent Eurobarometer Poll 2005,cite web|url=http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_225_report_en.pdf|title=Eurobarometer on Social Values, Science and technology 2005 - page 11|accessdate=2007-05-05] based on a limited sample of people asked:
* 54% of Austrian citizens responded that "they believe there is a God".
* 34% answered that "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force".
* 8% answered that "they do not believe there is any sort of spirit, God, or life force".

History

Austria was greatly affected by the Protestant reformation, to the point where a majority of the population was eventually Protestant. Due to the prominent position of the Habsburgs in the Counter-Reformation, however, Protestantism was all but wiped out and Catholicism once more restored as the dominant religion. The significant Jewish population (around 200,000 in 1938) in the country, mainly residing in Vienna, was reduced to a mere couple of thousand by the mass emigration in 1938 (more than 2/3 of the Jewish population emigrated from 1938 until 1941) and the following Holocaust during the Nazi regime in Austria. Immigration in more recent years, primarily from Turkey and the former Yugoslavia, has led to an increase in the number of Muslims and Serbian Orthodox Christians. [cite web | title= Religion in Austria on Sacred Destinations | url=http://www.sacred-destinations.com/austria/austria-religion.htm | accessmonthday= April 21 | accessyear= 2007 ]

ee also

*Buddhism in Austria
*Roman Catholicism in Austria
*Hinduism in Austria
*Islam in Austria
*History of the Jews in Austria
*Religion by country
*Freedom of religion in Austria

Notes

External links

* [http://www.sacred-destinations.com/austria/austria-religion.htm Religion in Austria on Sacred Destinations]
* [http://www.katholisch.at/site/article_blank.siteswift?so=all&do=all&c=download&d=article%3A107%3A5 Roman Catholic statistics for the year 2005]
* [http://www.eurel.info/ Eurel: sociological and legal data on religions in Europe]


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