- Allison Brooks
Infobox Military Person
name=Allison C. Brooks
died= death year and age|2006|1917
caption= Official Air Force portrait
allegiance= United States of America
United States Air Force
serviceyears= 1939 - 1971
Legion of Merit(2) Distinguished Flying Cross (3) Bronze Star Croix de Guerre
Allison C. Brooks (1917-
9 December 2006) piloted B-17 Flying Fortressand P-51 Mustangaircraft in combat missions over Nazi Germanyduring World War II. In the Vietnam War, he flew C-130 aircraft for the United States Air Forcein combat support missions. In addition to earning numerous military decorations, he was ultimately promoted to the rank of major general ( [http://usmilitary.about.com/od/airforce/l/blafrank4.htm two stars] ) and served in active duty until 1971.
Early life and career
Brooks was born in
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, in 1917. He attended high school in Pasadena, California, and earned is Bachelor of Sciencedegree from the University of California, Berkeleyin 1938. He enlisted a year later as an aviation cadet in the United States Army Air Corps, and graduated from Kelly Fieldin 1940 with a commission as second lieutenant and his pilot wings.
His first assignment after graduation was as an instructor with the Air Training Command at
Randolph Air Force Basein Texas. In 1943, he went overseas to the European Theater of Operationsas operations officer of the [http://mighty8thaf.preller.us/php/1Unit.php?Unitkey=401 401st Bombardment Group] . He was next assigned as executive officer and later as commander of the 1st Air Division Fighter Scouting Force which flew P-51 aircraft. During World War II, he flew 65 combat missions for a total of 310 hours in the B-17 and P-51 aircraft. He participated in the campaigns of Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; and Central Europe. He commanded an August 1944 raid by the 401st Bombardment Group on a V-weaponsfactory that was adjacent to the inmate barracks at the Buchenwald concentration camp.
Post World War II
Brooks is a graduate of the Air Command and Staff School and has served as an instructor in air operations at the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College at
Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1951, he returned to Maxwell Air Force Base, Alabama, as a student in the Air War College.
Brooks has been assigned to various units of the
Military Airlift Commandsince June 1952 with the exception of a one-year tour of duty from January 1964 to March 1965, in Southeast Asia as deputy commander, 2nd Air Division.
In June 1952, he was assigned as operations staff officer, 1300th Air Base Wing, at
Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho. In September 1952, he was assigned duties as deputy commander, 1602nd Air Transport Wing, Fürstenfeldbruck Air Base, Germany. In July 1955, he assumed command of the 1602nd Air Transport Wing.
He returned to the United States in September 1955 and was assigned to Headquarters
Military Airlift Command, Andrews Air Force Base, Maryland, as chief, Manpower and Organization, and in June 1957, he assumed duties as Assistant Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations. In August 1960, Brooks was reassigned as commander, 62nd Troop Carrier Wing, McChord Air Force Base, Washington. In January 1964m he went to Tan Son Nhut Air Base, Republic of Vietnam, as deputy commander, 2nd Air Division. During his tour of duty in Southeast Asia, he flew 31 missions in combat support operations.
In March 1965, Brooks assumed command of the Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Service (Military Airlift Command) with headquarters at Orlando Air Force Base, Florida. The headquarters was transferred to
Scott Air Force Base, Illinois, in 1968.
In 1966, at
Edwards Air Force Base, Brooks was the first to fly an experimental device attached to an HC-130H called the Fulton surface-to-air recovery system. This demonstrated the effectiveness of recovering personnel on the ground if they could launch a helium filled balloon. The balloon tether cable was snatched by the V-shaped apparatus which was mounted on the nose of the aircraft.
Brooks assumed duty as Deputy Director for Inspection Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Administration),
Washington, D.C., in April 1970. He retired from active duty on July 1, 1971.
His military decorations include the
Legion of Meritwith oak leaf cluster, Distinguished Flying Cross (United States)with two oak leaf clusters, Air Medalwith eight oak leaf clusters, Soldier's Medal, Bronze Star, Small Arms Expert Marksmanship Ribbon, and French Croix de Guerre. He is a command pilot. He was promoted to the temporary grade of major general effective February 24, [1970 [, with date of rank on August 10, 1965.
In 2002, General Brooks was [http://www.wymaninstitute.org/letters/2002-12-24-failure.php interviewed] on the subject of whether President
Franklin D. Rooseveltshould have ordered the bombing of the Nazi death camps during World War II.
General Brooks died in
Sequim, Washingtonon December 9, [2006.
* [http://www.af.mil/bios/bio.asp?bioID=4800 United States Air Force official biography] of Major General Allison C. Brooks
* [http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_zdoup/is_200411/ai_n7180944 Fulton Surface-To-Air Recovery System] , described in LookSmart FindArticles, which references Colonel Allison Brooks
* [http://www.91stbombgroup.com/freeman.html "The Man Who Wouldn't Quit"] , Biography of Immanuel J. “Manny” Klette by Roger A. Freeman, references Lt. Col Allison Brooks, Commander of the 1st Scouting Force, in the 14th paragraph of that web page
* [http://www.maryruth.org/chapter01/chapter_1.htm Chapter One, Another Time, Another Place, Lady Lois] , "Mary Ruth" Memories of Mobile... We Still Remember, by 2001 Lowell L. Getz, Stories from the 91st Bombardment Group (Heavy), 8th Air Force, World War II, references LTC Allison Brooks and further describes the bombing mission led by Manny Klette
* [http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/aureview/1967/may-jun/brooks.html#Brooks Aerospace Rescue and Recovery — Southeast Asia to Apollo] by Brigadier General Allison C. Brooks
* [http://www.peninsuladailynews.com/sited/story/html/265581 Obituary] of Allison C. Brooks, Peninsula Daily News, December 19, 2006
* [http://www.wymaninstitute.org/letters/2002-12-24-failure.php Letter] by Stuart Erdheim, The David S. Wyman Institute for Holocaust Studies
* [http://www.littlefriends.co.uk/gallery.php?Group=sf&Style=item&origStyle=list&Item=35&Temp=1715&searchString= Rendering] of P-51D 44-13686 5E-N "Rugged Rebel" as commanded by Lt. Col. Alison C Brooks
* [http://www.littlefriends.co.uk/gallery.php?Group=sf&Style=item&origStyle=list&Item=34&Temp=1713 Photograph] of P-51D 44-13686 5E-N "Rugged Rebel" previously flown by Lt. Col. Alison C Brooks
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