- Transit district
A transit district or transit authority is a special-purpose district organized as either a corporation chartered by statute, or a government agency, created for the purpose of providing public transportation within a specific region.
In the United States, this is usually within one state, but in rare circumstances may cover two or more states. The term used depends on which part of the country the agency is created in. Typically, western states will create a "transit district" and eastern states create a "transit authority" but the type of agency is generally the same.
A transit district is created to give it the power of the government in dealing with solving problems related to transit issues. This includes the powers of eminent domain to obtain space for rights of way (e.g. for railways or busways), the ability to impose excise, income, property, and/or sales taxes to fund subsidies of operating costs of local transportation, and the ability to operate independently of the cities and counties that the transit district operates within. A transit district may also have its own transit police force, although in some areas the local police provide a special bureau for this purpose.
A transit district may operate bus, rail or other types of transport including ferry service, or may operate other facilities. In some cases, the transit district may be part of a larger organization such as a state Department of Transportation. Some of the more famous transit districts include
- The Tomorrowland Transit Authority in the Magic Kingdom Park at the Walt Disney World Resort
- The New York City Transit Authority which operates New York City's subway trains and municipal buses;
- The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey which operates New York City's Port Authority Bus Terminal and the PATH trains, and was the owner of the World Trade Center complex;
- The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, which operates the bus and Metrorail system in Washington, D.C. and suburban Maryland and Virginia;
- The former Southern California Rapid Transit District, which operated most of the bus systems in Los Angeles County, California as well as parts of Orange, Riverside and San Bernardino counties during the late 1960s until April 1, 1993 when it was converted into the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority;
- The Chicago Transit Authority, which operates all bus routes which run within the boundaries of Chicago, as well as the Chicago 'L';
- Transport for London, which operates the London Underground, London Overground and the DLR, an extensive bus network, tram services, riverboat services, the Public Carriage Office (responsible for black cabs), London Dial-a-Ride, streets in London, the London congestion charge and a limited coach service. The Oyster card electronic ticketing scheme is also operated by Transport for London, and can be used on the underground, buses, trams and the DLR.
- The TransLink Transit Authority which manages buses, trains and ferries in South East Queensland, Australia.
- Sound Transit in the Greater Seattle Area.
Public transport Bus Rail Vehicles for hire Carpooling Other transport Ship LocationsBus bulb • Bus garage • Bus lane • Bus stand • Bus station • Bus stop • Bus terminus • Bus turnout • Hub • Interchange station • Kassel kerb • Layover • Metro station • Park and ride • Queue jump • Taxicab stand • Train station • Tram stop • Transit mall • Airport • Harbor • Port • Hangar • Dry dock Revenue/fares Scheduling Other
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Norwalk Transit District — Gillig Advantage #167 at the WHEELS Pulse Point, on Route 13. Founded 1978 … Wikipedia
Champaign-Urbana Mass Transit District — Illinois Terminal, transit hub for Champaign Service area … Wikipedia
North County Transit District — (NCTD) Info Locale North San Diego County, California Transit type Multi Modal regional transit network consisting of: Buses … Wikipedia
Santa Barbara Metropolitan Transit District — Headquarters 1020 Chapala St. Santa Barbara CA Service area Santa Barbara, Carpinteria, Goleta, Montecito, Summerland, Isla Vista … Wikipedia
Milford Transit District — Founded 1977 Headquarters 259 Research Drive Locale Milford, Connecticut Service type Bus service, paratransit Routes 4 Fleet 10 fixed route … Wikipedia
Southern California Rapid Transit District — This article deals with the bus company which operated from 1964 until 1993. For the successor agency, see Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. The Southern California Rapid Transit District (almost always referred to as RTD… … Wikipedia
San Joaquin Regional Transit District — Infobox Public transit name = San Joaquin Regional Transit District imagesize = 150px locale = Stockton, California transit type = Bus began operation = system length = San Joaquin County / 1,489 mile2 (3,854 km²) lines = 66 stations = ridership … Wikipedia
Greater Peoria Mass Transit District — CityLink Parent Greater Peoria Mass Transit District Founded 1970 Headquarters 2105 NE … Wikipedia
Sacramento Regional Transit District — Infobox Public transit name = Sacramento Regional Transit District imagesize = 100px locale = Sacramento, CA transit type = Light rail, bus system length = 37.42 mi (light rail) began operation = March 12, 1987 ridership = 110,600 [cite web… … Wikipedia
Springfield Mass Transit District — Infobox Bus transit name = logo size = image size = image caption = company slogan = parent = founded = headquarters = 928 South Ninth Street locale = Springfield, Illinois service area = service type = bus service, paratransit alliance = routes … Wikipedia