Brine (lat. "saltus") is water saturated or nearly saturated with salt (NaCl).

It is used (now less popular than historically) to preserve vegetables, fish, and meat, in a process known as brining. Brine is also commonly used to age Halloumi and Feta cheeses.

Brine is a common fluid used in the transport of heat from place to place. It is used because the addition of salt to water lowers the freezing temperature of the solution and the heat transport efficiency can be greatly enhanced for the comparatively low cost of the material. At a concentration of 23.3%, the freezing point of the solution is lowered to -21°C (252.15 K, -6°F).

At 15.5 °C (288.65 K, 60 °F) saturated brine is 26.4% salt by weight (100 degree SAL). At 0 °C (273.15 K, 32 °F) brine can only hold 26.3% salt.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brine — Brine, n. [AS. bryne a burning, salt liquor, brine, fr. brinnan, brynnan, to burn. See {Burn}.] 1. Water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt; pickle; hence, any strong saline solution; also, the saline residue or strong mother liquor… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Brine — Brine, v. t. 1. To steep or saturate in brine. [1913 Webster] 2. To sprinkle with salt or brine; as, to brine hay. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • brine — [ braın ] noun 1. ) uncount water that contains a lot of salt: preserved in brine 2. ) the brine LITERARY the ocean: the foaming brine …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Brine — (Aussprache: brain) ist eine (beinahe) gesättigte Kochsalzlösung in Wasser. Bei einer thermischen Meerwasserentsalzungsanlage ist es das im Kreislauf geführte Meerwasser, das mit Temperaturen von bis zu 115°C auf 50% höheren Salzgehalt gegenüber… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • brine — [braın] n [U] [: Old English; Origin: bryne] 1.) water which contains a lot of salt and is used for preserving food ▪ fish pickled in brine 2.) sea water …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • brine — [brīn] n. [ME & OE; prob. < IE * bhrēi , to cut (> L friare, to crumble) < base * bher , to cut; orig. sense “cutting, sharp”] 1. water full of salt; heavily saturated salt solution, as for use in pickling 2. a) the water of the sea b)… …   English World dictionary

  • Brine — Nom très rare porté en Belgique, rencontré autrefois aussi dans le département du Nord. Aucune idée solide quant à sa signification …   Noms de famille

  • brine — O.E. bryne, origin unknown; no known cognates beyond Du. brijn, Flem. brijne …   Etymology dictionary

  • brine — [n] salt solution alkali, blue, brackish water, deep, drink, marinade, ocean, pickling solution, preservative, saline, salt water, sea water, sodium chloride solution, vinegar; concept 514 …   New thesaurus

  • brine — ► NOUN ▪ water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt, e.g. seawater. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

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