- Alfonso XI of Castile
He is variously known among Castilian kings as the Avenger or the Implacable, and as "He of Salado River." The first two names he earned by the ferocity with which he repressed the disorder of the nobles after a long minority; the third by his victory in the
Battle of Rio Saladoover the last formidable Marinidinvasion of Spainin 1340.
Alfonso XI never went to the insane lengths of his son
Pedro of Castile, but he could be bloody in his methods. He killed for reasons of state without form of trial. He openly neglected his wife, Maria of Portugal, and had an ostentatious passion for Eleanor of Guzman, who bore him ten children. This set Peter an example which he failed to better. It may be that his early death, during the Great Plague of 1350, at the Siege of Gibraltar, only averted a desperate struggle with Peter, though it was a misfortune in that it removed a ruler of eminent capacity, who understood his subjects well enough not to go too far.
Marriage and children
Alfonso XI first married Costanza Manuel of Castile on 1325, but divorced her two years later. His second marriage, on 1328, was to Maria of Portugal, daughter of
Alfonso IV of Portugal. She was the mother of his sons Fernando ( Valladolid, 1332 – 1333) and Pedro of Castile.
By his mistress,
Eleanor of Guzman, he had ten children:
*Pedro Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of
Aguilar de Campoo(1330 - 1338).
*Juana Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lady of
*Sancho Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of Ledesma (1331 - 1343).
*Enrique Alfonso of Castile, 1st Count of Trastamara (1334 - 1379).
Fadrique Alfonso of Castile, Master of the Order of Santiagoand 1st Lord of Haro; (born 1335).
*Fernando Alfonso of Castile, 2nd Lord of Ledesma.
*Tello Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of
Aguilar de Campoo(1337-1370).
*Juan Alfonso of Castile, 1st Lord of
Badajozand Jerez de la Frontera(1341 - 1359).
*Sancho Alfonso of Castile, 1st Count of Alburquerque (1342-1375).
*Pedro Alfonso of Castile (1345 - 1359).
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