Edwin Hansford

Edwin Hansford

Edwin A. Hansford (December 1, 1895 – 1959) was a politician in Manitoba, Canada, and served as leader of that province's Co-operative Commonwealth Federation between 1948 and 1952.

Hansford was born in the Annapolis Valley region of Nova Scotia. He served overseas in World War I for four-and-a-half years, and subsequently worked for Canadian National Railways.

Hansford ran as a candidate of the Independent Labour Party in the federal riding of St. Boniface, Manitoba in the 1930 federal election, but was defeated. Five years later, he was again defeated as a candidate of the CCF (successor party to the ILP in Manitoba). Hansford was more successful in municipal politics — he became a St. Boniface alderman in 1932, and served until 1945.

Hansford was also a member of the provincial CCF executive, although his first attempt to enter provincial politics was unsuccessful. The CCF had joined Premier John Bracken's coalition ministry in 1940, but was subsequently marginalized by the Liberal-Conservative alliance that dominated the government. Demoralized, the party won only three seats members in the 1941 election. Running in provincial St. Boniface riding, Hansford was defeated by almost 1000 votes.

In 1943, the CCF left the coalition and was enjoying a higher level of popular support. The party posed a credible threat to the Liberal-Conservative coalition in the election of 1945, and while the overall results were disappointing (only ten Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) elected out of 57 seats), Hansford was able to carry St. Boniface by more than 2000 votes over his nearest opponent.

Seymour J. Farmer resigned as party leader in 1947. The following year, Hansford was elected unopposed to replace him. He was the first leader of Manitoba's "parliamentary left" from outside of the City of Winnipeg proper.

The late 1940s were a period of decline for most left-wing groups within Canada, and the Manitoba CCF did not escape this pattern. The party was particularly plagued by divisions over cooperation with the province's Communists. The party leadership was universally against such cooperation, but many rank-and-file members (and some MLAs) supported it. The result was that the party was viewed with suspicion by both "centre-left" voters and more committed leftists. Hansford himself was not regarded as a strong leader, often being upstaged by MLAs Donovan Swailes and Lloyd Stinson.

Prior to the election of 1949, Hansford publicly rebuked two members of his caucus (Wilbert Doneleyko and Berry Richards) who had condemned international negotiations for what became the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. This resulted in a backlash from the left wing of the CCF, which generally opposed the foreign policies of American President Harry Truman.

The CCF ran only 26 candidates in the election of 1949, and won seven seats. Hansford was re-elected in St. Boniface, but finished a discouraging second in what was now a two-member riding (members elected by preferential balloting). He resigned as party leader in 1952, and did not seek re-election in 1953. He subsequently returned to municipal politics.

Hansford died in 1959.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hansford — may refer to: Places *Hansford County, Texas People *E. Hansford McCourt, former Democratic President of the West Virginia Senate from Webster County *Edwin Hansford, a Canadian politician *F.C. Hansford, a former professional baseball player… …   Wikipedia

  • Manitoba general election, 1949 — Manitoba s general election of November 10, 1949 was held to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada. This election pitted the province s coalition government, made up of the Liberal Progressive Party and the …   Wikipedia

  • Manitoba general election, 1945 — Manitoba s general election of October 15, 1945 was held to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada. The 1945 provincial election was extremely different from the previous election, which was held in 1941. In …   Wikipedia

  • Manitoba Co-operative Commonwealth Federation — The Manitoba Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (or CCF) was a provincial branch of the national Canadian party by the same name. The national CCF was the dominant social democratic party in Canada from the 1930s to the early 1960s, when it… …   Wikipedia

  • Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (Manitoba Section) — Co operative Commonwealth Federation (Manitoba) Former provincial political party Founded 1932 Dissolved 8 October 1961 Entered into a coalition with the Canad …   Wikipedia

  • Lloyd Stinson — (February 29, 1904 August 28, 1976) was a politician in Manitoba, Canada, and the leader of that province s Co operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) from 1953 to 1959. Although widely regarded as a capable leader, he was unable to achieve a… …   Wikipedia

  • Manitoba general election, 1941 — Manitoba s general election of April 22, 1941 was held to elect Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Manitoba, Canada. This election was held shortly after the formation of a coalition government in December 1940. The coalition… …   Wikipedia

  • 1895 in Canada — See also: 1894 in Canada, other events of 1895, 1896 in Canada and the Timeline of Canadian history. Events* March 2 Theodore Davie resigns as premier of British Columbia * March 4 John Herbert Turner becomes premier of British Columbia * October …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Van Belleghem — Joseph Gustave Van Belleghen (born September 6, 1901 in St. Vital, Manitoba; died January 5, 1967) was a politician in Manitoba, Canada. He served in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba as a Liberal Progressive from 1949 to 1953.Van Belleghem… …   Wikipedia

  • Beresford Richards — Beresford (Berry) Richards (August 26, 1914, Aiegnmouth, Cornwall, England ndash; May 1982) was a politician in Manitoba, Canada. He served in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba from 1943 to 1949. Elected as a candidate of the Cooperative… …   Wikipedia