Hyades (mythology)


Hyades (mythology)

In Greek mythology, the Hyades (Ancient Greek: Ὑάδες, English: IPAEng|ˈhaɪədiz, English translation: "the rainy ones"), are a sisterhood of nymphs that bring rain. They do not appear in Roman mythology, ["Taurus’ face gleams with seven rays of fire, which Greek sailors call Hyades from their rain-word." (Ovid, "Fasti", v.164. In Ancient Greek, "to rain" is "hyein".] where Pluvius is an epithet of Jupiter, as "he who sends rain".

The Hyades were daughters of Atlas in most tellings [Hyginus gives their parents as Hyas and Boeotia ("Poetical Astronomy" ii. 21).] sisters of Hyas, envisioned to account for their collective name and to provide an etiology for their weepy raininess: Hyas was killed in a hunting accident and the Hyades wept from their grief. [Hyginus, "Fabulae", 192.] They were changed into a cluster of stars, the Hyades set in the head of Taurus. Their names are variable, according to the mythographer: Phaola, Ambrosia, Eudora, Coronis, and Polyxo. [Of such societies of gods, Walter Burkert says "Genealogical myths, in Hesiod especially, also give them individual names, but these are quite clearly secondary and carry no great weight." (Burkert 1985: 173).]

Additionally, Thyone and Prodice were supposed to be daughters of Hyas by Aethra (one of the Oceanides), have been added to the group of stars. The Greeks believed that the rising and setting of the Hyades star cluster were always attended with rain, hence the association of the Hyades (sisters of Hyas) and the Hyades (daughters of ocean) with the constellation of the Hyades (rainy ones) and called also 'huo pluo'/ ("the rain bringer"). The Hyades are sisters to the Pleiades. They are also confused with the Nysiads, the nymphs who nursed Dionysus, in some tellings of the latter's infancy.

References

External links

* [http://www.theoi.com/Nymphe/NymphaiHyades.html Theoi Project - Nymphai Hyades]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hyades — may refer to:*Hyades (mythology) *Hyades (star cluster), an open star cluster in the constellation Taurus *Hyades (band), an Italian power/heavy/thrash metal band …   Wikipedia

  • Hyades (star cluster) — Hyades Cluster Observation data (J2000.0 epoch) Constellation …   Wikipedia

  • Hyades — n. (Greek mythology) The seven daughters of Atlas and half sisters of the Pleiades; they nurtured the infant Dionysus and Zeus placed them among the stars as a reward. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hyades — /huy euh deez /, n. (used with a pl. v.) 1. Astron. a group of stars comprising a moving cluster in the constellation Taurus, supposed by the ancients to indicate the approach of rain when they rose with the sun. 2. Class. Myth. a group of nymphs …   Universalium

  • Pleiades (mythology) — This article is about Greek mythology. The Pleiades star cluster also appears in many other mythologies mdash; see Pleiades (star cluster). For alternate meanings see Pleiades (disambiguation). The Pleiades (IPA|/ˈplaɪədiːz/, also… …   Wikipedia

  • Pleiades (Greek mythology) — For the Pleiades in other mythologies, see Pleiades in folklore and literature. The Pleiades (1885) by the Symbolist painter Elihu Vedder The Pleiades ( …   Wikipedia

  • Nysa (mythology) — This article is about the mythological place. For other uses, see Nysa (disambiguation). Topics in Greek mythology Gods Primordial gods and Titans Zeus and the Olympians Pan and the nymphs Apollo and Dionysus Sea gods and Earth gods Heroes… …   Wikipedia

  • Pleione (mythology) — Pleione (Greek: Πληιόνη, later Πλειόνη ; IPA|/ˈplaɪəniː/, [Harry Thurston Peck s [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0062 layout= loc=pleione Harper s Dictionary of Classical Antiquities ] (1898) indicates… …   Wikipedia

  • Coronis (mythology) — There are several characters in Greek mythology by the name Coronis (Κορωνίς, ίδος). These include: Coronis ( crow or raven ), daughter of Phlegyas, King of the Lapiths, was one of Apollo s lovers. While Apollo was away, Coronis, already pregnant …   Wikipedia

  • Greek mythology — noun the mythology of the ancient Greeks • Members of this Topic: ↑Dionysian, ↑Trojan War, ↑Augean stables, ↑Pandora s box, ↑Temple of Apollo, ↑Oracle of Apollo, ↑Delphic oracle, ↑oracle of Delphi, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.