Hope, Arkansas


Hope, Arkansas

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Hope, Arkansas
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto = A Slice of the Good Life


imagesize = 300px
image_caption = Bill Clinton boyhood home in Hope


image_



image_




mapsize = 250px
map_caption =


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = Arkansas
subdivision_name2 = Hempstead
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Dennis Ramsey
leader_name =
established_title = Founded
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date =
established_date2 =
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi = 10.1
area_total_km2 = 26.1
area_land_sq_mi = 10.0
area_land_km2 = 25.9
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
area_water_km2 = 0.2
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = U.S. Census 2006 estimate
population_note =
population_total = 10467
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 166.1
population_density_sq_mi = 430.2
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd = 33 |latm = 40 |lats = 4 |latNS = N
longd = 93 |longm = 35 |longs = 24 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 107
elevation_ft = 351
website = [http://www.hopearkansas.net/ www.hopearkansas.net]
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 71801-71802
area_code = 870
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 05-33190
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0057940
footnotes =

Hope is a small city in Hempstead County, Arkansas, United States. According to 2005 United States Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city was 10,467.cite web | date = June 21 2006 | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2005-04-05.csv | title = Annual Estimates of the Population for All Incorporated Places in Arkansas | format = CSV | work = 2005 Population Estimates | publisher = U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division | accessdate = November 16 | accessyear = 2006] The city is the county seat of Hempstead CountyGR|6 and the principal city of the Hope Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Hempstead and Nevada counties.

Hope is most known as the birthplace of the 42nd President of the United States, Bill Clinton (see Bill Clinton Birthplace). At the 1992 Democratic National Convention in New York City, Clinton ended his acceptance speech by saying, "I still believe in a place called Hope." The city tagged this statement as their unofficial motto. The city converted its railroad depot to a museum on Clinton's life.

Hope is also the birthplace of the former Governor Mike Huckabee, an unsuccessful candidate for the 2008 Republican presidential nomination.

Others from Hope include former White House Chief of Staff Mack McLarty; attorney Vincent Walker Foster, Jr. (1945-1993); U.S. Representative Mike Ross; former Louisville, Kentucky, Mayor David L. Armstrong; former Arkansas Secretary of State Kelly Bryant (1908-1975), PGA golfer Ken Duke, and actress Melinda Dillon. Country Music Hall of Fame singer Patsy Montana attended school in Hope.

A leading figure in the restoration of nearby Historic Washington State Park in Washington, Arkansas, was James H. Pilkinton (1914-1994) of Hope, who served as president of the Pioneer Washington Restoration Foundation, Inc., from 1959-1960 and again from 1973-1990. In 1966, Pilkinton was the unsuccessful Democratic nominee for lieutenant governor, having narrowly been defeated by the Republican Maurice L. Britt, the running-mate of Winthrop Rockefeller, who won the first of his two two-year terms as governor that year. Pilkinton is interred in Rose Hill Cemetery.

A former Republican U.S. Representative from Michigan, Robert James Huber, is buried in Hope, but he did not live there. It was the hometown of his wife, the former Mary Pauline "Polly" Tolleson, a graduate of Hope High School. Also, Hope is home to a few African-American figures such as Henry C. Yerger, who established a school for blacks in 1895.

Paul Klipsch founded Klipsch and Associates in Hope in 1946. Klipsch invented the world famous Klipschorn speaker, a folded horn loaded speaker that revolutionized the industry. The Klipschorn and a number of other speaker lines are still manufactured in Hope by Klipsch Audio Technologies.

The Hope Municipal Airport was the Southwestern Proving Ground during World War II and had the claim of the third longest runway in the United States. Paul Klipsch used to joke that his desk was not in the same spot as the one he had during his United States Army service at the Proving Ground; it was on the other side of the room.

Hope is also known for growing watermelons and continues to produce records for the largest specimens in the world. The last record was set by Lloyd Bright in 2005 with a 268.8 pound watermelon. The Watermelon Festival is celebrated annually from Thursday-Saturday during the second week of August. The watermelon is used in the municipal logo and the Hope slogan: "A Slice of the Good Life."

Geography

Hope is located at coor dms|33|40|4|N|93|35|24|W|city (33.667779, -93.589908)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26.1 km²), of which, 10.0 square miles (25.9 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (0.60%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 10,616 people, 3,961 households, and 2,638 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,061.9 people per square mile (409.9/km²). There were 4,301 housing units at an average density of 430.2/sq mi (166.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 47.71% White, 43.17% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.63% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. 13.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,961 households out of which 34.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 21.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. Of 3,961 households, 192 are unmarried partner households: 175 heterosexual, 11 same-sex male, and 6 same-sex female households. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.9% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,385, and the median income for a family was $28,445. Males had a median income of $23,525 versus $17,394 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,783. About 22.3% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 41.1% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.

Hope gallery

References

External links

* [http://www.hopearkansas.net/ City of Hope, Arkansas official website]
* [http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/travel/aviation/ Aviation: From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms, a National Park Service "Discover Our Shared Heritage" Travel Itinerary]
* [http://hope.k12.ar.us/ Hope Public Schools official site]


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