- Privatized tax collection
Privatized tax collection occurs wherever the state passes on its obligation to collect
taxesto private companies or firms in return for a fixed or ad valorem fee. This contrasts with tax farmingwhere a private individual or organization pays off a pre-determined tax debt, and then subsequently recoups that payment by collecting money from the people within a certain area or business.
A modern example of a variation of tax farming is the United States IRS outsourcing of the collection of taxpayers' debts to private debt collection agencies. In September 2006, the IRS began to outsource the collection of taxpayers debts to private debt collection agencies. Opponents to this change note that the IRS will be handing over personal information to these debt collection agencies, who are being paid between twenty-two and twenty-four percent of the amount collected. Opponents are also worried about the agencies being paid on percent collected because it will encourage the collectors to use pressure tactics to collect the maximum amount. IRS spokesman Terry Lemons responds to these claims saying the new system "is a sound, balanced program that respects taxpayers' rights and taxpayer privacy." Currently there are other state and local agencies that are using private collection agencies and have not had any problems. [ [http://biz.yahoo.com/ap/060822/irs_debt_collection.html?.v=2 IRS Moves Ahead on Debt-Collection Plan] ] [ [http://www.laborradio.org/taxonomy/term/120 IRS Presses Ahead With Privatization of Tax Debt Collections - 09/14/06] ]
Examples of companies that collected taxes
Privatization of tax collection
In essence, privatization of tax collection commenced when governments moved from official assessment of leviable amount of duties and taxes to the procedure of ‘’self-assessment’’ by the assesses. [Chowdhury, F. L. "Evasion of Customs Duties in Bangladesh", 19992, MBA dissertation submitted to the Monash University, Australia ] In this procedure, the tax-payer calculates his own tax liability and pays taxes based on that. Government verified genuineness of such self-assessment through a process of audit, which may be selective or blanket applied to all tax-payers.
Services of PSI Companies
Pre-shipment inspection (PSI) agencies are companies that carry out physical inspeciton of the cargo and certify the value of the consignment after verificaiton of the declared price against the ruling internaitonal price. Then the Customs authorities calculate the leviable of amount of duties and taxes on the basis of that certified value. This essentially has shifted the critical task of tax assessment to the PSI companies from the Customs inspectors and appraisers who were supposed to ascertain the assessable value of a consignment in accordance with the GATT valuation code.
* Chowdhury, Faizul Latif, "Corrupt bureaucracy and Privatization of tax collection in Bangladesh", 2006: Pathak Samabesh, Dhaka.
* Hood, Christopher, 'Privatizing UK tax Law Enforcements', "Public Administration", Vol. 46, Autumn, 1986.
* Low, P, "Preshipment Inspection Services", World Bank Discussion Paper No: 278, The World Bank, Washington.
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