Pitmatic (originally "pitmatical") is a dialect of English used in the counties of Northumberland and Durham in England. It developed as a separate dialect from Northumbrian and Geordie due to the specialised terms used by mineworkers in the local coal pits. For example, in Northumberland and Tyne and Wear the word "Cuddy" is an abbreviation of the name Cuthbert (particularly the local saint, Cuthbert of Lindisfarne), but in Durham Pitmatic "cuddy" denotes a horse, specifically a pit pony [ [http://www.durhamcathedral.co.uk/schedule/sermons/37 Durham Cathedral sermon discussing pitmatic] ] . In Lowland Scots "cuddie" usually denotes a donkey or ass but may also denote a short, thick, strong horse. [ [http://www.dsl.ac.uk/dsl/getent4.php?query=CUDDY Entry for "cuddy" in Dictionary of the Scots Language] ]

Traditionally, pitmatic, together with some rural Northumbrian communities including Rothbury, used a distinctive, soft, rolled "R" sound, produced at the very back of the throat. This is now less frequently heard: since the closure of the area's deep mines, many younger people speak in a local ways that do not usually include this characteristic.Fact|date=February 2007 The softly throaty "R" sound can, however, still sometimes be detected, especially amongst elderly populations in more rural areas.

While in theory pitmatic was spoken throughout the Great Northern Coalfield, from Ashington in Northumberland to Fishburn in County Durham, early references apply specifically to its use by miners "especially from the Durham district" (1873) and to its use in County Durham (1930).Fact|date=February 2007

Nowadays "pitmatic" is an uncommon term in popular usage.Fact|date=June 2007 In recent times all three dialects have converged, becoming closer to standard English. English as spoken in County Durham has been described as "half-Geordie, half-Teesside", and is quite accurately described in the article about Mackem. Today young people with a pitmatic accent may describe their accent as geordie as north-eastern accents are all termed by people from elsewhere in England or occasionally mackem.Fact|date=April 2007

Melvyn Bragg presented a programme on BBC Radio 4 about pitmatic as part of a series on regional dialects. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/routesofenglish/storysofar/programme3_1.shtml Melvyn Bragg explores Pitmatic in a BBC Radio 4 programme] ]

Other Northern English dialects include
* Geordie (spoken in Newcastle upon Tyne)
* Cumbrian dialect
* Yorkshire and Lancashire dialects both vary across the counties, and merge into each in border areas.
* Scouse (spoken in Liverpool)
* Mackem (spoken in Sunderland)

ee also

*British English
*Languages in the United Kingdom

In South East Nortumberland, the term for the local dialect (Ashington, Bedlington, Cramlington and Blyth) is 'Pityak' which is a term meaning 'Pit' 'Talk' (Yak meaning talk- to yak).

External links

* [http://www.pitmatic.co.uk www.pitmatic.co.uk] - newsletters February 2003
* [http://www.indigogroup.co.uk/durhamdialect/ddanews.html Durham Dialect website]
* [http://freewebs.com/englishdialects Dialect Poems from the English regions]
* [http://www.bl.uk/soundsfamiliar Sounds Familiar?] ndash Listen to examples of regional accents and dialects from across the UK on the British Library's 'Sounds Familiar' website
* [http://books.guardian.co.uk/news/articles/0,,2137648,00.html Guardian review of "Pitmatic: The Talk of the North East Coalfield"]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/tyne/6927272.stm BBC News report on release of Griffiths' book]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1kKTaOCJROc YouTube video of a Pitmatic poem, as read by its author]


*"Dictionary of North-East Dialect", Bill Griffiths (Northumbria University Press, 2004).
*"Pitmatic: The Talk of the North East Coalfields", Bill Griffiths (Northumbria University Press, 2007).

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • pitmatic — 1. noun The language spoken by inhabitants of the mining villages in Northumberland or Durham. Theaall taalk ower pitmatic in Durham! 2. adjective Of or relating to this language. Ye taalk ower pitmatic for a lad from Gatesheed …   Wiktionary

  • pitmatic — A Geordie Dictionary The dialect of coal miners in the North East …   English dialects glossary

  • pitmatic — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Geordie — (pronEng|ˈdʒɔrdi) is a regional nickname for a person from the Tynesidecite web|url=http://www.askoxford.com/concise oed/geordie?view=uk|title=AskOxford.com a person from Tyneside|accessdate=2007 09 01] region of England, or the name of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Scouse — This article is about the accent. For the food, see Scouse (food). For the type of dance music, see Scouse house. Location of Merseyside within England. Scouse ( …   Wikipedia

  • List of dialects of the English language — This is a list of dialects of the English language. Dialects are linguistic varieties which differ in pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar from each other and from Standard English (which is itself a dialect). Dialects can be usefully defined as …   Wikipedia

  • Northern English — is a group of dialects of the English language. It includes the North East England dialects, which are similar in some respects to Scots. Among the other dialects are Cumbrian, the various Yorkshire dialects, Lanky (Dialect of Lancashire) and… …   Wikipedia

  • Antigua and Barbuda — Antigua and Barbuda …   Wikipedia

  • Anguilla — This article is about the Caribbean British overseas territory. For other uses, see Anguilla (disambiguation). Anguilla …   Wikipedia

  • American English — US English redirects here. For the political organization, see U.S. English (organization). For other uses, see American English (disambiguation). English language prevalence in the United States. Darker shades of blue indicate higher… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.