Pitmatic (originally "pitmatical") is a
dialectof English used in the counties of Northumberlandand Durham in England. It developed as a separate dialect from Northumbrianand Geordiedue to the specialised terms used by mineworkers in the local coal pits. For example, in Northumberlandand Tyne and Wearthe word "Cuddy" is an abbreviation of the name Cuthbert (particularly the local saint, Cuthbert of Lindisfarne), but in Durham Pitmatic "cuddy" denotes a horse, specifically a pit pony[ [http://www.durhamcathedral.co.uk/schedule/sermons/37 Durham Cathedral sermon discussing pitmatic] ] . In Lowland Scots "cuddie" usually denotes a donkey or ass but may also denote a short, thick, strong horse. [ [http://www.dsl.ac.uk/dsl/getent4.php?query=CUDDY Entry for "cuddy" in Dictionary of the Scots Language] ]
Traditionally, pitmatic, together with some rural Northumbrian communities including
Rothbury, used a distinctive, soft, rolled "R" sound, produced at the very back of the throat. This is now less frequently heard: since the closure of the area's deep mines, many younger people speak in a local ways that do not usually include this characteristic.Fact|date=February 2007 The softly throaty "R" sound can, however, still sometimes be detected, especially amongst elderly populations in more rural areas.
While in theory pitmatic was spoken throughout the Great Northern Coalfield, from
Ashingtonin Northumberland to Fishburnin County Durham, early references apply specifically to its use by miners "especially from the Durham district" (1873) and to its use in County Durham (1930).Fact|date=February 2007
Nowadays "pitmatic" is an uncommon term in popular usage.Fact|date=June 2007 In recent times all three dialects have converged, becoming closer to standard English. English as spoken in County Durham has been described as "half-Geordie, half-
Teesside", and is quite accurately described in the article about Mackem. Today young people with a pitmatic accent may describe their accent as geordie as north-eastern accents are all termed by people from elsewhere in England or occasionally mackem.Fact|date=April 2007
Melvyn Bragg presented a programme on BBC Radio 4 about pitmatic as part of a series on regional dialects. [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/routesofenglish/storysofar/programme3_1.shtml Melvyn Bragg explores Pitmatic in a BBC Radio 4 programme] ]
Northern Englishdialects include
Geordie(spoken in Newcastle upon Tyne)
* Yorkshire and Lancashire dialects both vary across the counties, and merge into each in border areas.
Scouse(spoken in Liverpool)
Mackem(spoken in Sunderland)
Languages in the United Kingdom
In South East Nortumberland, the term for the local dialect (Ashington, Bedlington, Cramlington and Blyth) is 'Pityak' which is a term meaning 'Pit' 'Talk' (Yak meaning talk- to yak).
* [http://www.pitmatic.co.uk www.pitmatic.co.uk] - newsletters February 2003
* [http://www.indigogroup.co.uk/durhamdialect/ddanews.html Durham Dialect website]
* [http://freewebs.com/englishdialects Dialect Poems from the English regions]
* [http://www.bl.uk/soundsfamiliar Sounds Familiar?] ndash Listen to examples of regional accents and dialects from across the UK on the British Library's 'Sounds Familiar' website
* [http://books.guardian.co.uk/news/articles/0,,2137648,00.html Guardian review of "Pitmatic: The Talk of the North East Coalfield"]
* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/tyne/6927272.stm BBC News report on release of Griffiths' book]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1kKTaOCJROc YouTube video of a Pitmatic poem, as read by its author]
*"Dictionary of North-East Dialect", Bill Griffiths (Northumbria University Press, 2004).
*"Pitmatic: The Talk of the North East Coalfields", Bill Griffiths (Northumbria University Press, 2007).
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