- Trope (literature)
A literary trope (from Greek "τρόπος" - "tropos" "turn" related to the root of "τρέπω" - "trepō" "to turn, to direct, to alter, to change") is a common pattern, theme, motif in literature, or a term often used to denote
figures of speechin which words are used in a sense different from their literal meaning.
Rhetoricians have closely analyzed the bewildering array of "turns and twists" used in poetry and literature and have provided an extensive list of very precise labels for these poetic devices. Some examples include
antithesisFor a longer list, see Rhetorical remedies.
Various scholars throughout history, beginning with
Quintilian, Ramus, and Vico, have argued that a great deal of our conceptualization of experience, even the foundation of human consciousness, is based on figurative schemes of thought which include not only metaphor, but also metonymy, synecdocheand irony. Tropes do not merely provide a way for us to talk about how we think, reason, and imagine, they are also constitutive of our experience [Gibbs, Raymond W. Jr.: "Process and products in making sense of tropes" from : " [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=QiJRvuXA_VcC&pg=PA329&dq=trope+definition&lr=&source=gbs_toc_s&cad=1&sig=yrdu-MRJvyw_b4GOvkXA46Np814#PPA252,M1 Metaphor and Thought] " (Ortony, Andrew (Editor), Cambridge University Press, 1993), page 252] .
Fantasy tropes and conventions
TV Tropes Wikiis a site listing numerous literary tropes, not only on TV.
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См. также в других словарях:
Trope — (from Greek τρόπος tropos , turn ) may refer to: * Trope (linguistics), a rhetorical figure of speech that consists of a play on words * Trope (literature) or Literary trope , a common theme used in storytelling. * Trope (philosophy) * Trope… … Wikipedia
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trope — UK [trəʊp] / US [troʊp] noun [countable] Word forms trope : singular trope plural tropes literature a use of a word or expression in an unusual way to help a writer to achieve an effect … English dictionary
trope — trÉ™ÊŠp n. figure of speech, any rhetorical device in which words are used not in accordance with their literal meaning; phrase interpolated into a text for purposes of emphasis (Literature) … English contemporary dictionary
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