- Metropolitan Peter
Saint Peter, Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia ("Пётр" in Russian) (? —
December 20, 1326) was the Russian metropolitan who moved his see from Vladimirto Moscowin 1325. Later he was proclaimed a patron saintof Moscow. In spite of the move, the office remained officially entitled "Metropolitan of Kiev and All Rus'" until the autocephalous election of St. Jonah in 1448.
Peter was born in
Halych-Volynia. He founded a monasteryon the Rata Riverriver ( Western Bug's tributary) and became its abbot. In 1308 king George of Galicianominated and the Patriarch of Constantinopleappointed Peter to the vacant see of Kiev and all Rus. Mikhail Yaroslavich, Grand Princeof Vladimirand Tver, wanted to advance his own candidate for this position. Peter's nomination caused prolonged animosity between Mikhail and Peter to the point that the latter had to ask for protection from the Muscoviteprinces.
Peter's alliance with
Moscowhelped assert his own authority and contributed to the rise of the House of Moscow. Peter transferred his metropolitan duties from depopulated Kiev to Vladimir and then to Moscow, where he received property estates. The move strengthened the political position of Moscowand established it as the spiritual capital of defragmentated Russia.
After Peter's move to Moscow, the
Cathedral of the Dormitionand several other stone churches were built by Ivan Kalitain the Moscow Kremlin. The foundation of the Vysokopetrovsky Monasteryin Moscow is ascribed to St. Peter the Metropolitan. He also authored a few sermons and epistles. He is credited with painting a wonderworking iconof the Theotokosknown as the [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=102391 Icon of the Mother of God of St Peter of Moscow] (commemorated on August 24).
After his glorification (canonization) by
Metropolitan Alexis, his veneration was propagated all over Moscovy. Accordingly, many churches were dedicated to Peter the Metropolitan in Moscow and other cities of Russia. His feast dayis celebrated on August 24(the translation of his relics to the Dormition Cathedral in Moscow) and October 5 (in common with Metropolitans Jonah and Alexis)
* [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=102384 Translation of the relics of St Peter the Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia] Orthodox
* [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=102871 Synaxis of Peter, Alexis and Jonah, Metropolitans and Wonderworkers of All Russia]
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