Metropolitan Peter


Metropolitan Peter

Saint Peter, Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia ("Пётр" in Russian) (? — December 20, 1326) was the Russian metropolitan who moved his see from Vladimir to Moscow in 1325. Later he was proclaimed a patron saint of Moscow. In spite of the move, the office remained officially entitled "Metropolitan of Kiev and All Rus'" until the autocephalous election of St. Jonah in 1448.

Peter was born in Halych-Volynia. He founded a monastery on the Rata River river (Western Bug's tributary) and became its abbot. In 1308 king George of Galicia nominated and the Patriarch of Constantinople appointed Peter to the vacant see of Kiev and all Rus.

Mikhail Yaroslavich, Grand Prince of Vladimir and Tver, wanted to advance his own candidate for this position. Peter's nomination caused prolonged animosity between Mikhail and Peter to the point that the latter had to ask for protection from the Muscovite princes.

Peter's alliance with Moscow helped assert his own authority and contributed to the rise of the House of Moscow. Peter transferred his metropolitan duties from depopulated Kiev to Vladimir and then to Moscow, where he received property estates. The move strengthened the political position of Moscow and established it as the spiritual capital of defragmentated Russia.

After Peter's move to Moscow, the Cathedral of the Dormition and several other stone churches were built by Ivan Kalita in the Moscow Kremlin. The foundation of the Vysokopetrovsky Monastery in Moscow is ascribed to St. Peter the Metropolitan. He also authored a few sermons and epistles. He is credited with painting a wonderworking icon of the Theotokos known as the [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=102391 Icon of the Mother of God of St Peter of Moscow] (commemorated on August 24).

After his glorification (canonization) by Metropolitan Alexis, his veneration was propagated all over Moscovy. Accordingly, many churches were dedicated to Peter the Metropolitan in Moscow and other cities of Russia. His feast day is celebrated on August 24 (the translation of his relics to the Dormition Cathedral in Moscow) and October 5 (in common with Metropolitans Jonah and Alexis)

External links

* [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=102384 Translation of the relics of St Peter the Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia] Orthodox icon and synaxarion
* [http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=102871 Synaxis of Peter, Alexis and Jonah, Metropolitans and Wonderworkers of All Russia]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Peter of Kiev — Metropolitan Peter, with Scenes from His Life, 15th century icon by Dionisius 15th century icon of Metropolitan Peter of Moscow …   Wikipedia

  • Peter of Krutitsy — Infobox Saint name=Metropolitan Peter of Krutitsy birth date=(June 28, 1862 (O.S.) death date=September 27 (O.S.)/October 10, 1937 feast day=September 27/October 10 venerated in=Eastern Orthodox Church imagesize=150px caption= birth… …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Mogila — Petro Mohyla Metropolitan of Kiev and Halych Born December 21, 1596(1596 12 21) Suceava, Mo …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Cooper Village—Stuyvesant Town — is a large private residential development on the East Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City. One of the most iconic and successful of post war private housing communitiesFact|date=June 2007, Stuyvesant Town was planned in 1943. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Opera Live in HD — (also known as The Met: Live in HD) is a series of live opera performances transmitted in high definition video via satellite from the Metropolitan Opera in New York City to select venues, primarily movie theaters, in the United States and other… …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Police Service — Metropolitan Police Force redirects here. For other uses, see Metropolitan police. Metropolitan Police Service Metropolitan Police Force Common name The Met[1] Abbreviation MPS …   Wikipedia

  • Peter Paul Fuchs — Naissance 30 octobre 1916 Vienne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Metropolitan Opera : en direct et en haute définition — Le Metropolitan Opera : en direct et en haute définition est une initiative du Metropolitan Opera de New York, pour retransmettre en direct et en haute définition des opéras présentés dans ce théâtre, dans des cinémas un peu partout dans le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Peter Gelb — (born 1953 [ [http://www.metoperafamily.org/metopera/news/press/detail.aspx?id=90 Metropolitan Opera press release, 30 October 2004.] ] ) is an American arts administrator. He is currently General Manager of the Metropolitan Opera in New York… …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Vitaly Ustinov — Metropolitan Vitaly (Ustinov) (Russian: Митрополит Виталий, в миру Ростислав Петрович Устинов (Secular Name: Rostislav Petrovich Ustinov)), (18 March 1910, St Petersburg 25 September 2006, Magog, Canada) was a First Hierarch of the Russian… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.