- Benjamin Boothby
Benjamin Boothby (
5 February 1803- 21 June 1868), was a South Australian colonial judge, who was removed from office for misbehaviour.
Boothby was born in
Doncaster, Yorkshire. He assisted Sir Thomas Wilde in his electoral campaigns and read in his chambers. He was called to the Bar at Gray's Innin 1841.
In 1853, Boothby was appointed a Judge of the
Supreme Court of South Australia. This was the last appointment of a South Australian judge by the Colonial Office.
Boothby, in a series of judgments, adopted a pedantic approach to Imperial Law, holding a number of South Australian statutes invalid, including the Real Property Act 1857, which introduced the
Torrens systemof land registration in South Australia. Boothby also asserted that the Parliament of South Australiahad not been validly constituted since the enactment of the Constitution Act 1855-56.
In 1865, partly in response to the approach taken by Boothby, the Imperial Parliament passed the
Colonial Laws Validity Act, confirming the authority of the colonial Parliament to pass legislation different from that passed by the Imperial Parliament. However, Boothby continued to create difficulties, refusing to acknowledge the authority of the Attorney-Generaland challenging the legality of the appointments of the other two Judges of the Supreme Court on the basis that only British-trained barristers could be appointed.
Proceedings were commenced to remove Boothby from office on the ground of misbehaviour. The charges were found proved and the Judge was "amoved" on
29 July 1867. Boothby took formal steps to appeal this decision to the Privy Council, but died before the appeal was heard.
*P.A. Howell, The Boothby Case. Unpublished M. A. Thesis, University of Tasmania, 1965.
*R M Hague, "Hague's History of the Law in South Australia 1837-1867" (Adelaide, 2005)
*Alex C Castles, 'Boothby, Benjamin (1803-1868)', "Australian Dictionary of Biography", Volume 3, Melbourne University Press, 1969, pp 194-196.
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