- Bank of Zambia
The Bank of Zambia is the
central bankof Zambia. According to its website, the principal responsibility of the bank is to create and implement monetary policy that will maintain the economic stability of the country.
The bank's offices are located in
The Bank of Zambia has origins in the 1938 formation of the
Southern Rhodesia Currency Board, which was based in Harare, in present-day Zimbabwe. The Board's jurisdiction included Northern Rhodesia(present-day Zambia) and Nyasaland(present-day Malawi).
In 1954 the Southern Rhodesia Currency Board was renamed the
Currency Board of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, and as the winds of change were strong in Africa at the time, the currency board was transformed into the Bank of Rhodesia and Nyasalandin 1956.
In 1964 the Bank of Zambia was created from the
Bank of Northern Rhodesia, which itself had only formed a year earlier in 1963 from the Lusakabranch of the Rhodesia/Nyasaland bank.
After its creation, and after the passage of the
Bank of Zambia Actin 1965, the bank grew and was successful down through the decades. According to its website, the bank acquired an equity stake in the Development Bank of Zambiaand the Zambia National Commercial Bankand was even considering diversifying into the agricultural sector.
In 1991, the
Movement for Multiparty Democracy(MMD) came to power in Zambia, replacing the United National Independence Party(UNIP) which had ruled for 27 years. The new government's fiscal priorities included liberalization and privatization, which included the Zambian copper industry and Zambian Consolidated Copper Mines ( ZCCM), the big company that controlled copper production in Zambia.
Central banks and currencies of Africa
Economy of Zambia
List of central banks
Zambian kwacha, the unit of currency
* [http://www.boz.zm/ Official site: Bank of Zambia]
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