Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley


Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley

Infobox British Royalty|Scottish|majesty|consort
name =Henry Stuart
title =King consort of Scots


caption =
succession =Duke of Albany; Earl of Ross
successor =James, Duke of Rothesay
reign =July 26, 1565 - February 10, 1567
spouse =Mary I
issue =James VI
royal house =House of Stuart
titles ="His Grace" The King of Scots
The Duke of Albany
The Earl of Ross
Lord Darnley
father =Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox
mother =Margaret Douglas
date of birth =birth date|1545|12|7|mf=y
place of birth =Temple Newsam, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England
date of death =death date and age|1567|2|10|1545|12|7|mf=y
place of death =Kirk o' Field, Edinburgh, Scotland|

Henry Stuart, 1st Duke of Albany (7 December 154510 February 1567), commonly known as Lord Darnley, was a King Consort of Scotland, the first cousin and second husband of Mary I, Queen of Scots, and the father of her son King James VI, who also succeeded Queen Elizabeth I as King James I of England.

Early life

Darnley was born in 1545, at Temple Newsam, Leeds, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, the son of the 4th Earl of Lennox, and his wife, Margaret Douglas. He was related to his future wife in at least three ways: they shared a grandmother in Margaret Tudor, putting both Mary and Darnley high in the line of succession for the English throne; Darnley was a descendant of a daughter of James II of Scotland and thus also in line for the throne of Scotland; and Darnley's family surname was due to a much more ancient connection to his male-line ancestor, Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland.

On their marriage, which took place 26 July 1565 in the chapel of Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh, Darnley was given the title of "King of Scots", but he was King Consort only, with no royal powers.

Estrangement

His marriage to Mary, Queen of Scots, was a disaster. Darnley was three years younger than Mary (their birthdays were only a day apart) and not particularly mature. He was unpopular with the other nobles and had a mean and violent streak, aggravated by a drinking problem.*"Mary Queen of Scots", by Antonia Fraser, 13th reprint, London, 1989, ISBN 0-297-17773-7] Within a short time, Mary became pregnant, but Darnley grew more and more demanding. His jealousy of Mary's private secretary, David Rizzio, culminated in the bloody murder of the latter by Darnley and a group of his supporters, in the presence of the queen herself at The Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh. Archibald Douglas, Parson of Douglas subsequently secured pardons for all those involved.

Following the birth of their son, the future James VI, the succession was more secure; in late 1566 and early 1567, Darnley and Mary appeared to be close to reconciliation, as she was often seen visiting his chambers. But Darnley was unpopular and petulant and offended many who should have been his natural supporters, and Mary became frustrated at his insistence that he be awarded the Crown Matrimonial. There was also some evidence that he suffered from syphillis. On 10 February 1567, the bodies of Darnley and his servant at the time were discovered in the gardens of the Hamiltons' house, Kirk o' Field, Edinburgh, where they had been staying. Darnley was dressed only in his nightshirt, suggesting he had fled in some haste from his bedchamber. A violent explosion had occurred that night at the house, but the evidence pointed to Darnley escaping attempted assassination, only to be murdered when he got outside. There was strong evidence that Darnley and his valet had been strangled and that the explosion was set as an attempt to cover up the murders.

Aftermath

Suspicion fell on the Earl of Bothwell and his supporters, notably Archibald Douglas, Parson of Douglas whose shoes were found at the scene, and upon Mary herself. Bothwell later abducted Mary, and held her for a week, at the end of which she agreed to marry him, under duress or desperation (Mary's power as a lone Queen was not respected, and Bothwell had proven himself loyal to Scotland for the past 10 years). There was also speculation that Bothwell had raped Mary, giving her no choice but to marry him. Darnley's death was a key event in the downward spiral that led to her loss of the Scottish crown.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

*7 December 154515 May 1565: Lord Darnley
*15 May–20 July 1565: The Earl of Ross
*20–28 July 1565: The Duke of Albany
*28 July 156510 February 1567: "His Grace" The King

Ancestry [ [http://www.fabpedigree.com/sbatree.htm Jamie's descent from King Robert III ] ]


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1= Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley
2= Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox
3= Margaret Douglas
4= John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Lennox
5= Elisabeth Stewart
6= Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus
7= Margaret Tudor
8= Matthew Stewart, 2nd Earl of Lennox
9= Elizabeth Hamilton
10=John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl
11=Eleanor Sinclair
12=George Douglas, Master of Angus
13=Elizabeth Drummond
14=Henry VII of England
15=Elizabeth of York

References

*"Darnley: A Life of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, Consort of Mary Queen of Scots" by Caroline Bingham
*"Mary, Queen of Scots and the Murder of Lord Darnley" by Alison Weir Persondata
NAME=Stuart, Henry, Lord Darnley
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Darnley, Lord; Stewart, Henry, Lord Darnley
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Husband of Mary, Queen of Scots
DATE OF BIRTH=7 December, 1545
PLACE OF BIRTH=Leeds, Yorkshire, England
DATE OF DEATH=10 February, 1567
PLACE OF DEATH=Edinburgh, Scotland


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley — (* 7. Dezember 1545 bzw. 1546 in Temple Newsam House, Yorkshire; † 10. Februar 1567 in der Abtei Kirk o Field, Edinburgh) war der zweite Ehemann der schottischen Königin Maria Stuart (seiner Cousine) un …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • DARNLEY, HENRY STUART, LORD —    eldest son of the Earl of Lennox and grand nephew of Henry VIII.; husband of Queen Mary; was murdered on Feb. 5, 1567, in Kirk o Field, which stood on the site of the present University of Edinburgh …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Darnley, Henry Stuart, lord — ► (1545 67) Noble escocés. Segundo esposo de María Estuardo, reina de Escocia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lord Darnley — Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (* 7. Dezember 1545 in Temple Newsam House, Yorkshire; † 10. Februar 1567 in der Abtei Kirk o Field, Edinburgh) war der zweite Ehemann der schottischen Königin Maria Stuart (seiner Cousine)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Lord Darnley — is a title associated with a Scottish Lordship of Parliament first created in 1356 and tracing a descent to the Dukedom of Richmond in England. Outside the Peerage of Scotland, another Earldom of Darnley was created in the Peerage of Ireland in… …   Wikipedia

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