- High Speed Packet Access
High Speed Packet Access (HSPA) is a collection of
mobile telephonyprotocols that extend and improve the performance of existing UMTSprotocols. Two standards, HSDPAand HSUPA, have been established and a further standard, HSPA+, is soon to be released.
The two existing standards (HSDPA and HSUPA) in the family provide increased performance by using improved modulation schemes and by refining the protocols by which handsets and base stations communicate. These improvements lead to a better utilization of the existing radio bandwidth provided by UMTS.
The number of commercial 3.5G networks--also known as High-Speed Downlink Packet Access, or HSDPA, networks--launched worldwide grew by 69 percent in 2007. There are now 174 commercial HSDPA networks in 76 countries. An additional 38 networks are committed to rollouts, which will bump the total to 211 HSDPA networks in 90 countries. Commercial HSDPA networks are widely available in Western Europe (61 networks), Southeast Asia (35), Eastern Europe (34), the Middle East and Africa (20), and the Americas and the Caribbean (16). Almost two-thirds (62 percent) of existing commercial HSDPA networks support downlink speeds of 3.6 Mbit/s or more, while more than a fifth (21 percent) support the peak downlink speed of 7.2 Mbit/s. [ [http://www.news.com/3.5G-driving-rapid-mobile-broadband-growth/2100-1039_3-6225531.html?part=rss&tag=2547-1_3-0-20&subj=news 3.5G driving rapid mobile broadband growth - CNET News.com ] ]
Many HSPA rollouts can be achieved by a software upgrade to existing 3G networks, giving 3.5G a headstart over
WiMax, which requires dedicated network infrastructure. Rising sales of [http://hspa.gsmworld.com/devices/default.asp HSPA-enabled mobiles] --aided by more-generous-than-expected operator subsidies of the hardware--are helping to drive the 3.5G market. [ [http://www.news.com/3.5G-driving-rapid-mobile-broadband-growth/2100-1039_3-6225531.html?part=rss&tag=2547-1_3-0-20&subj=news 3.5G driving rapid mobile broadband growth - CNET News.com ] ]
High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)
HSDPA provides improved theoretical down-link performance of up to 14.4 Mbit/s. Existing deployments provide up to 7.2 Mbit/s in down-link. Up-link performance is a maximum of 384 kbit/s. The
Round-trip delay timeis around 150 ms.
For operational reasons, service providers may cap this rate to lower rates than the maximum 3.6 Mbit/s that most HSDPA handsets support. Voice calls are usually prioritized over data transfer.The Croatian
VIPnetnetwork supports the speed of 7.2 Mbit/s in down-link as does Rogers Wirelessin Canada. In South Korea, a nationwide 7.2Mbit/s coverage is now established by SK Telecom and KTF. In Hong Kong, PCCWalso provide 7.2Mbit/s coverage. In Portugal all the mobile phone operators support 7.2Mbit/s HSDPA.
See full list of [http://hspa.gsmworld.com/networks/default.asp HSDPA networks] committed and in service
High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA)
HSUPA provides improved up-link performance of up to 5.76 Mbit/s theoretically. In Singapore,
Starhubannounced a 1.9 Mbit/s HSUPA Service as part of its new MaxMobile plan in 1 Aug 2007 [http://www.starhub.com/portal/site/StarHub/menuitem.876159666306d8a8aa494b608324a5a0/?vgnextoid=99301840a0e3c010VgnVCM10000038425a0aRCRD&vgnextfmt=ItemCMId%3A55669d222ea14110VgnVCM100000464114acRCRD] . In Finland, Elisaannounced on 30.8.2007 1.4 Mbit/s HSUPA to most large cities with plans to add the service to its whole 3G network within months [http://www.elisa.fi/ir/index.cfm?t=5&o=5120.00&did=14237] . 3 Italia and Ericssonannounced on 16.07.2008 the successful tests of HSUPA 5.8 Mbit/s in the live network of 3 Italia [http://www.ericsson.com/ericsson/press/releases/20080716-1236207.shtml]
See full list of [http://hspa.gsmworld.com/networks/default.asp HSUPA networks] committed and in service
Evolved High Speed Packet Access (HSPA+)
HSPA+ is defined in 3GPP release 7. It introduces a simpler IP-centric architecture for the mobile network bypassing most of the legacy equipment. HSPA+ boosts peak data rates to 42 Mbit/s on the downlink and 22 Mbit/s on the uplink.
[http://www.gsmworld.com/hspa Official HSPA website]
Global mobile Suppliers Association
* Martin Sauter: "Communication Systems for the Mobile Information Society", John Wiley, September 2006, ISBN 0-470-02676-6
* [http://www.news.com/3.5G-driving-rapid-mobile-broadband-growth/2100-1039_3-6225531.html?part=rss&tag=2547-1_3-0-20&subj=news 3.5G driving rapid mobile broadband growth] .
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.