Federal republic


Federal republic

A federal republic is a federation of states with a republican form of government. A federation is the central government. The states in a federation also maintain all political sovereignty that they do not yield to the federation. Usage of the term "republic" is inconsistent but, as a minimum, it means a state or federation of states that does not have a monarch as head of state.

In English, before the merger of the two German states in 1990, the phrase "Federal Republic" was often used to refer to West Germany (within its pre-1990 borders), in contrast with the German Democratic Republic, otherwise called East Germany.

List of federal republics

Contemporary

Historic

* Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (1581–1795)
* United Provinces of Central America (1824-1840)
* "Great Colombia" (1819-1831), later Colombia (federal republic until 1886; unitary republic after 1886)
* Weimar Republic (German Empire 1919-1933)
* Federal Republic of Cameroon (République Fédérale du Cameroun) (1961-1972)
* Czechoslovakia (1969-1992)
* Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (1922-1991)
* Yugoslavia (1945-2003)
* Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006)
* Uganda (1962-1966)

ee also

* Form of government


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Look at other dictionaries:

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