Jarama


Jarama

Geobox|River
name = Jarama
native_name =
other_name =
category =
etymology =
nickname =



image_caption = Jarama River in Titulcia
country = Spain
state = Guadalajara
state1 = Madrid
region =
district =
municipality =
parent = Tagus
tributary_left = Henares | tributary_left1 = Tajuña
tributary_right = Lozoya | tributary_right1 = Guadalix | tributary_right2 = Manzanares
city =
landmark =
source = Peña Cebollera
source_location = Sierra de Ayllón| source_region = | source_country =
source_elevation = 2119
source_lat_d = 41| source_lat_m = 9| source_lat_s = 58| source_lat_NS = N
source_long_d = 3| source_long_m = 32| source_long_s = 18| source_long_EW = W
source1 =
source1_location = | source1_region = | source1_country =
source1_elevation =
source1_lat_d = | source1_lat_m = | source1_lat_s = | source1_lat_NS =
source1_long_d = | source1_long_m = | source1_long_s = | source1_long_EW =
source_confluence =
source_confluence_location = | source_confluence_region = | source_confluence_country =
source_confluence_elevation =
source_confluence_lat_d = | source_confluence_lat_m = | source_confluence_lat_s = | source_confluence_lat_NS =
source_confluence_long_d = | source_confluence_long_m = | source_confluence_long_s = | source_confluence_long_EW =
mouth = Tagus
mouth_location = near Aranjuez | mouth_region = | mouth_country =
mouth_elevation = 494
mouth_lat_d = 40| mouth_lat_m = 1| mouth_lat_s = 51| mouth_lat_NS = N
mouth_long_d = 3| mouth_long_m = 38| mouth_long_s = 59| mouth_long_EW = W
length = 190
width =
depth =
volume =
watershed = 5047
discharge = 31.7
discharge_max =
discharge_min =
free = | free_type =


map_caption =
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Jarama is a river in central Spain. It flows north to south, and passes east of Madrid when El Atazar Dam is built on a tributary, the Lozoya River. It flows into the river Tagus in Aranjuez. The Manzanares is a tributary of the Jarama.

Battles

During the Spanish Civil War at Paracuellos del Jarama, 1000 (other sources give the number of 2000) nationalist prisoners were killed by the Republican Militia guards during the Battle of Madrid (November 8–9, 1936). It is disputed whether Santiago Carrillo, the Communist leader in Madrid, ordered these executions or not, albeit they were committed under his authority [Ian Gibson, "Paracuellos. Cómo fue". 1983, Plaza y Janés. Barcelona.] [Vidal, Cesar, "Paracuellos-Katyn: Un ensayo sobre el genocidio de la izquierda". 2005, Libroslibres ISBN 84-96088-32-4] . He has denied his involvement in several interviews [ [http://www.elmundo.es/encuentros/invitados/2000/11/242/ Entrevista con Santiago Carrillo] . [http://www.elmundo.es/ elmundo.es] . November 24, 2000.] .

The Jarama was also the scene of fierce fighting - the Battle of Jarama - in 1937. Nationalist forces crossed the river in an attempt to cut the main Madrid-to-Valencia road and isolate the Republican capital. Nationalist forces led by Spanish Legionnaires and Moroccan soldiers (Regulares) of the Army of Africa were confronted by forces from the Republic including the 15th International Brigade. The 15th Brigade contained both the British Battalion of Volunteers and American volunteers in the Abraham Lincoln Brigade. Despite heavy casualties (over 270 British out of 600) the nationalists were stopped short of their objective. A period of trench warfare followed before the front stabilised. The battle cost both sides a combined total of up to 45,000 casualties.

In fiction

"El Jarama" is a novel by Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio about young people from Madrid meeting for a picnic by the river. Its realistic dialog renovated Spanish novels.

Other meanings

The "Circuito Permanente Del Jarama" is the main motor racetrack of Madrid. Before the construction of the safer Montmeló, Montjuïc and Jerez racetracks, it hosted 9 Formula One Championship races and several motorbike prizes.

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jarama — in TitulciaVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt DatenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jarama — Le Jarama à Titulcia Caractéristiques Longueur 190 km Bassin  ? Bassin collecteur T …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jarama —   [xa rama] der, rechter Nebenfluss des oberen Tajo in Spanien, östlich von Madrid, 194 km lang, entspringt in der nordöstlichen Sierra de Guadarrama (Somosierra), nimmt u. a. den Henares und den Manzanares auf; die insgesamt 14 Talsperren des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jarama — (Xarama), Nebenfluß des Henares in der spanischen Provinz Guadalaxara …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Jarāma — (spr. cha ), rechter Nebenfluß des Tajo in Spanien, entspringt zwischen dem Cebollero und der Peña de la Silla im Kastilischen Scheidegebirge, nimmt rechts den Lozoya und Manzanares, links den Henares und Tajuña auf und mündet nach 199 km langem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jarama — Jarāma (spr. cha ), r. Nebenfluß des Tajo, 199 km lg …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jarama — Este artículo está dedicado al río. Para otros artículos, véase Jarama (desambiguación) El Jarama es un río español, uno de los afluentes más importantes del Tajo. Nace en las estribaciones de la Peña Cebollera (también conocida como Pico de las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jarama — Sp Charamà Ap Jarama L u. C Ispanijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Jarama (desambiguación) — El término Jarama puede aludir a: El río Jarama, un río español, afluente del Tajo, que transcurre por las provincias de Madrid y Guadalajara. El Jarama , novela del escritor español y premio Cervantes, Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio, que recibió el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jarama (desambiguación) — El término Jarama puede aludir a: 1. El río Jarama, un río español, afluente del Tajo, que transcurre por las provincias de Madrid y Guadalajara. 2. El Jarama , novela del escritor español y premio Cervantes, Rafael Sánchez Ferlosio, que recibió… …   Enciclopedia Universal