Gomshall


Gomshall

infobox UK place
country = England
latitude= 51.221
longitude= -0.448
official_name= Gomshall
map_type= Surrey
population = <3,000
shire_district= Guildford
shire_county = Surrey
region= South East England
constituency_westminster= Mole Valley
post_town= Guildford
postcode_district = GU5
postcode_area= GU
dial_code= 01483
os_grid_reference= TQ084480

The village of Gomshall is bisected by the A25 running west to Guildford and east to Dorking. Neighbouring villages include Shere, Albury, Abinger Hammer and Sutton Abinger. The North Downs Way is just north of the village. Gomshall is within the census area called "Shere" which has a population of 3,359. [ [http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=800076&c=GU5+9LA&d=16&e=15&g=490542&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779 Census data] ]

Gomshall is part of Shere civil parish. [ [http://www.guildford.gov.uk/GuildfordWeb/Council/ParishCouncils/Shere.htm Shere parish council] ]

The River Tillingbourne runs through Gomshall and there is Gomshall railway station.

History

The Manor of Gumesele was a Saxon feudal landholding which originally included the present day Gomshall. [ [http://www.ewhursthistory.com/v2/resources/index.php Ewhurst History Society] ]

Gomshall appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as "Gomeselle". It was held by William the Conqueror. Its domesday assets were: 1 mill worth 3s 4d, 20 ploughs, convert|3|acre|m2 of meadow, woodland worth 30 hogs. It rendered £30. [ [http://www.gwp.enta.net/surrnames.htm Surrey Domesday Book] ]

In 1154, Henry II of England divided the Manor of Gumesele into three: West Gomshall, East Gomshall and Somersbury. In 1240, West Gomshall was granted to the Cistercian Abbey of Netley in Hampshire and became known as Gomshall Netley. East Gomshall was granted to the Abbey of St Mary Graces, Tower Hill, London in 1376 and became known as Gomshall Towerhill.

For the 1380 Poll Tax, Gomshall had 267 names registered. The occupations written beside the names show land-holders and the usual country crafts but also a high proportion of skills relating to the wool trade; there were spinners and weavers, fullers and pelterers and many tailors. At this time one of the Gomshall manors was held by the Abbey of Netley near Southampton. [ [http://www.moodmusic.co.uk/historyofshere.htm History report] ]

Local industries developed which were based on the plentiful and constant water supply of the River Tillingbourne. Those which survived into the 20th century, but are now gone, were corn milling, watercress growing and leather tanning. Gomshall Mill was the corn mill. Netley Mill pumped water for the Hurtwood Water Company for part of its existence.

References

External links

* [http://www.multimap.com/map/browse.cgi?client=public&X=510000.274132413&Y=148000.496241247&width=700&height=400&gride=508480.274132413&gridn=148011.496241247&srec=0&coordsys=gb&db=freegaz&addr1=&addr2=&addr3=&pc=&advanced=&local=&localinfosel=&kw=&in
]


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