Saint Chromatius Born 4th Century
Died 406/407 Honored in Roman Catholicism Feast December 2
- "Saint Chromatius" is also the name of the father of Saint Tiburtius. See Saints Tiburtius and Susanna.
Saint Chromatius (d. ca. 406/407) was a bishop of Aquileia.
He was probably born at Aquileia, and in any case grew up there. His father had died when Chromatius was an infant. He was raised by his mother and large family of older siblings.
He became a priest of that church and about 387 or 388, after the death of Valerianus, bishop of that important city. He was one of the most celebrated prelates of his time and was in active correspondence with his illustrious contemporaries, St. Ambrose, St. Jerome, and Tyrannius Rufinus.
Himself a scholarly theologian, he urged these three friends to the composition of many learned works. St. Ambrose was encouraged by him to write exegetical works; St. Jerome dedicated to him different translations and commentaries, which he had written at his suggestion (translations of the Books of Paralipomenon, Tobit, the books of Solomon, commentaries on the Prophecy of Habakkuk). In the bitter quarrel between St. Jerome and Rufinus concerning Origenism, Chromatius, while rejecting the false doctrines of Origen of Alexandria, attempted to make peace between the disputants.
He always maintained ecclesiastical communion with Rufinus and induced him not to answer the last attack of St. Jerome, but to devote himself to new literary works, especially to the translation of the Ecclesiastical History of Eusebius.
Chromatius opposed Arianism with much zeal and rooted it out in his diocese. He gave loyal support to St. John Chrysostom, Bishop of Constantinople, when unjustly oppressed, and wrote in his favour to Honorius, the Western emperor, who sent this letter to his brother, Arcadius. This intercession, however, availed nothing.
Chromatius was also active as an exegete. Until the modern age only seventeen treatises were known to be authored by him on the Gospel according to St. Matthew (iii, 15-17; v-vi, 24), besides a fine homily on the Eight Beatitudes (counted as an eighteenth treatise). In 1969 a researcher discovered thirty-eight sermons and published them.
His feast is celebrated 2 December.
- Chromatius at the Catholic Encyclopedia
- Patron Saints: Chromatius
- Cathechesis of pope Benedict XVI about Chromatius
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Chromatĭus — Chromatĭus, der Heilige, seitll 87 (388) Bischof von Aquileja, gest. 406 oder wenig später, vielverehrter Zeitgenosse des Ambrosius, Hieronymus, Rufinus, die ihm mancherlei Anregung zu wissenschaftlicher Betätigung verdanken. Er verfaßte 18… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
CHROMATIUS — Episcopus Aquileiae, post Niceam, sub finem 4. saeculi pietat et eruditione inclitus. Scripsit in Matthaeum Comment. de quibus nihil, praeter homilias, de 8. Beatitudinib. et pauca alia, Bibliothecae Patrum inserta, restant. Hieron. in praef.… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Chromatius — Der heilige Chromatius (* ca. 345 vermutlich in Aquileia; † 406 oder 407 in Grado) war von 388 bis zu seinem Tode Bischof seiner Heimatstadt, die in Nordwestitalien liegt und in der Spätantike große Bedeutung hatte. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Chromatius, S. (2) — 2S. Chromatius, (11. Aug.), der Vater des hl. Tiburtius und Martyrer zu Rom. S. S. Tiburtius … Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon
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