- August Bournonville
August Bournonville (
21 August 1805— 30 November 1879) was a Danish ballet masterand choreographer. August was the son of Antoine Bournonville, a dancer and choreographer trained under the French choreographer, Jean Georges Noverre, and the nephew of Julie Alix de la Fay, nee Bournonville, of the Royal Swedish Ballet.
August was born in
Copenhagen, Denmark, where his father had settled. He studied under the Italian choreographer Vincenzo Galeottiat the Royal Danish Ballet, Copenhagen, and in Paris, France, under French dancer Auguste Vestris. He initiated a unique style in balletknown as the Bournonville School.
Following studies in Paris as a young man, August became solo dancer at the Royal Ballet in Copenhagen. From 1830 to 1877 he was choreographer for the Royal Danish Ballet, for which he created more than 50 ballets admired for their exuberance, lightness, and beauty. He created a style which, although influenced from the Paris ballet, is entirely his own. As a choreographer, he created a number of ballets with varied settings that range from Denmark to Italy, Russia to South America. A limited number of these works have survived.
Bournonville's work became known outside Denmark only after WWII. Since 1950, The Royal Ballet has several times made prolonged tours abroad, not the least to the United States, where they have performed his ballets.
Born in Copenhagen August 12, 1805, August Bournonville was the son of the French ballet master,
Antoine Bournonville, who had settled in Denmark, and Lovisa Sundberg, a Swede. At the age of eight years, August entered the Royal Ballet School at the Court Theatre in Christiansborg Castleunder the tutelage of his father and Vincenzo Galeotti, ballet master and principal choreographer of the Royal Danish Balletfrom 1775 to 1816. [Terry, Walter. "The King's Ballet Master: A Biography of Denmark's August Bournonville." New York: Dodd, Mead, & Company, 1979. ISBN 0-396-07722-6]
October 2, 1813, August made his first stage appearance in a small part as the son of a Viking king in Galeotti's "Lagertha", the first ballet on a Nordic theme. Less than a year later, he received his first personal applause for dancing a Hungarian solo at the Court Theatre. In addition to dance, August was a voracious reader, learned French at home, played the violin, sang in a boy soprano voice, and studied declamation with the actors Michael Rosing, Lindgreen, and Frydensdahl. His many talents were brought together on the Queen's birthday, October 29, 1817, when as a twelve year old he played the role of Adonia to royal acclaim in a music-drama, "Solomon's Judgment" and sang a romance, "The Mother with Her Drooping Wings".
Bournonville had five sibilings. He was the only one in out of the children who showed any interest in dancing. His father was Atoine Bournonille. His mother was Lovisa Sundberg August. He married Helena Fredrika Håkansson on June 23, 1830. He had seven children with Helena but sadly both of their sons died as toddlers.
In 1820, Antoine Bournonville received a grant from his sovereign to briefly study ballet in Paris. August accompanied his father to Paris, and, although he studied solely with his father during the Paris sojourn, he was exposed to the latest trends in ballet and watched the illustrious teachers,
Gardeland Vestris in action. Upon returning to Denmark, August became a member of the Royal Theatre, dancing in repertory that was less interesting to him after his exposure to Paris ballet.
In the spring of 1824, August returned to Paris for final studies and examination preparations at the Paris Opera. The expected fifteen month sojourn would stretch to five years, during which time Danish ballet would approach near-disastrous decline. In Paris, August met his father's old friend, Louis Nivelon, in Paris who provided him with friendship, meals, and entree into society. August hoped the master Gardel would accept him but Gardel's studio was no longer in existence and he was directed to Auguste Vestris for training in his weakest areas — "balance, pirouettes, and arms." Vestris accepted Bournonville. August wrote his father: cquote |I am extremely satisfied with my Mr. Vestris and what is more, he is very pleased with my zeal, diligence, and my instant willingness. He is very exact about the lessons and comes to class three times a week at eight in the morning and three times a week at nine and remains until eleven. I get up every morning at six and always arrive one half hour before the lesson so that I am absolutely prepared when Vestris arrives. He has taken me in friendship and cultivated my talent with extreme care, he rigorously points out my faults but treats me with consideration.
Bournonville danced from 1820 to 1828 with the noted dancer Marie Taglioni and the Paris Opera Ballet.
Bournonville stopped teaching adult classes in the spring of 1877. On returning from church on November 30, 1879, he was stricken and taken to a hospital. August Bournonville was interred near Asminderød Church near Fredensborg.
Bournonville's work remains an important link with earlier traditions. He resisted many of the excesses of the romantic era ballets in his work. He is noted for his egalitarian choreography, which gave equal emphasis to both male and female roles, at a time when European ballet emphasized the ballerina. Many of his contemporaries explored the extremes of human emotion, while Bournonville, using enthusiastic footwork and fluid phrases in his work, portrayed a more balanced human nature.
List of ballets by August Bournonville
* [http://www.bournonville.com/ Bournonville]
* [http://www.kglteater.dk/site/OmKunstarterne/Ballet/Taet_paa/Historie.aspx Ballet]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
August Bournonville — August Bournonville, Lithographie von Em. Baerentzen, 1841 August Bournonville (* 21. August 1805 in Kopenhagen; † 30. November 1879 ebenda) ein dänischer Tänzer, Choreograf und Ballettmeister. Bournonville war der uneheliche Sohn des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of ballets by August Bournonville — The following is a list of ballets by Danish ballet master and choreographer, August Bournonville (1805 1879).1829 * Acclaim to the Graces ( Gratiernes Hyldning ). Divertissement. Music: M.E. Caraffa, W.R. v. Gallemberg, and F. Sor. * The Night… … Wikipedia
Bournonville School — The Bournonville School is a very distinctive style of ballet, most associated with the Royal Danish Ballet and its leader for many years, August Bournonville. What is considered today to be the Bournonville style is, essentially, the unfiltered… … Wikipedia
august — augustly, adv. augustness, n. /aw gust /, adj. 1. inspiring reverence or admiration; of supreme dignity or grandeur; majestic: an august performance of a religious drama. 2. venerable; eminent: an august personage. [1655 65; < L augustus sacred,… … Universalium
August — /aw geuhst/, n. 1. the eighth month of the year, containing 31 days. Abbr.: Aug. 2. a male given name, form of Augustus. [bef. 1100; ME < L Augustus (named after AUGUSTUS); r. OE Agustus < L, as above] * * * (as used in expressions) Arrhenius… … Universalium
August — (as used in expressions) Franz Albrecht August Karl Emanuel, príncipe von Sajonia Coburgo Gotha Arrhenius, Svante (August) August Fryderyk Bebel, August Bournonville, August Bruch, Max (Karl August) Bürger, Gottfried August Froebel, Friedrich… … Enciclopedia Universal
Bournonville — (spr. Burnongwil), 1) Alexander Hippolyt Balthasar, Duc de B., geb. 1620; nahm 1638 bei den westfälischen Kreistruppen Dienste u. zeichnete sich bes. als Commandeur derselben 1645 bei Nördlingen aus, focht bis 1648 mit Glück gegen die Schweden,… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Bournonville, August — born Aug. 21, 1805, Copenhagen, Den. died Nov. 30, 1879, Copenhagen Danish dancer, choreographer, and director of the Royal Danish Ballet for almost 50 years. After studying and performing in Paris and Copenhagen, in 1830 he became director and… … Universalium
Bournonville, August — (21 ago. 1805, Copenhague, Dinamarca–30 nov. 1879, Copenhague). Bailarín y coreógrafo danés, director del Ballet real danés durante casi 50 años. Después de estudiar y realizar presentaciones en París y Copenhague, en 1830 llegó a ser director y… … Enciclopedia Universal
Auguste Bournonville — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Auguste Bournonville Nombre Auguste Bournonville … Wikipedia Español