Constitution of Luxembourg


Constitution of Luxembourg
Luxembourg

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The Constitution of Luxembourg is the supreme law of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The modern constitution was adopted on 17 October 1868.[1]

Whilst the constitution of 1868 marked a radical change in Luxembourg's constitutional settlement, it was technically an amendment of the original constitution. That original constitution was promulgated on 12 October 1841,[2] came into effect on 1 January 1842,[3] and was acutely amended on 20 March 1848,[4] and again on 27 November 1856.[5]

Contents

List of amendments

  • 15 May 1919 - National sovereignty was transferred from the monarch to the nation (French: La puissance souveraine réside dans la Nation) (Article 32). The monarch's powers to command the armed forces and to sign treaties were reaffirmed, provided that the treaty was not secret and that the Chamber of Deputies ratified it (Article 37). All changes to Luxembourg's territory were required to be ratified by law (Article 37).[6]
  • 28 April 1948 - The Grand Duchy was defined as a 'free, independent, and indivisible state' (French: un Etat libre, indépendant et indivisible), removing reference to, and therefore ending, its long-standing political neutrality (Article 1).[7]
  • 6 May 1948 - The regulation of language use in legal and judicial affairs became regulated by statute, rather than requiring the equal treatment of French and German (Article 29).[8]
  • 15 May 1948 - Suffrage was restricted to Luxembourgers living in Luxembourg, aged over 21 and in possession of their full political rights, whereas candidates were required to be 25 years old (Article 52).[9]
  • 21 May 1948 - [10]
  • 27 July 1956 - [11]
  • 25 October 1956 - [12]
  • 27 January 1972 - [13]
  • 13 June 1979 - [14]
  • 25 November 1983 - [15]
  • 20 December 1988 - [16]
  • 31 March 1989 - [17]
  • 20 April 1989 - [18]
  • 13 June 1989 - [19]
  • 16 June 1989 - [20]
  • 19 June 1989 - [21]
  • 23 December 1994 - [22]
  • 12 July 1996 - [23]
  • 12 January 1998 - [24]
  • 29 April 1999 - [25]
  • 2 June 1999 - [26]
  • 8 August 2000 - [27]
  • 18 February 2003 - [28]
  • 19 December 2003 - [29]
  • 26 May 2004 - [30]
  • 19 November 2004 - [31]
  • 21 June 2005 - [32]
  • 1 June 2006 - [33]
  • 13 July 2006 - [34]
  • 29 March 2007 - [35]
  • 24 October 2007 - [36]
  • 31 March 2008 - [37]
  • 23 October 2008 - [38]
  • 12 March 2009 - Sovereign only promulgates, not approves / authorises, laws [39]

Footnotes

  1. ^ (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1868, No. 25" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1868/0232210/0232210.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  2. ^ (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1841, No. 51" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1841/0511011/0511011.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  3. ^ (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1841, No. 51" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1841/0511011/0511011.pdf#page=25. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  4. ^ (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1848, No. 23" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1848/0232803/0232803.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  5. ^ (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1856, No. 28" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1856/0283011/0283011.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  6. ^ (French)/(German) "Mémorial A, 1919, No. 33" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1919/0331605/0331605.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  7. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1948, No. 28" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1948/0282804/0282804.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  8. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1948, No. 30" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1948/0301005/0301005.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  9. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1948, No. 32" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1948/0321905/0321905.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  10. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1948, No. 35" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1948/0352905/0352905.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  11. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1956, No. 41" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1956/0412008/0412008.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  12. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1956, No. 52" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1956/0520311/0520311.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  13. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1972, No. 5" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1972/0052801/0052801.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  14. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1979, No. 55" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1979/0550907/0550907.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  15. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1983, No. 100" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1983/1000112/1000112.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  16. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1988, No. 67" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1988/0672112/0672112.pdf#page=19. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  17. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1989, No. 21" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1989/0211404/0211404.pdf#page=3. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  18. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1989, No. 27" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1989/0271105/0271105.pdf#page=3. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  19. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1989, No. 46" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1989/0461007/0461007.pdf#page=3. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  20. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1989, No. 46" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1989/0461007/0461007.pdf#page=6. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  21. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1989, No. 46" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1989/0461007/0461007.pdf#page=7. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  22. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1994, No. 116" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1994/1162412/1162412.pdf#page=12. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  23. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1996, No. 45" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1996/0451207/0451207.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  24. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1998, No. 2" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1998/0022001/0022001.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  25. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1999, No. 49" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1999/0490505/0490505.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  26. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 1999, No. 63" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/1999/0630806/0630806.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  27. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2000, No. 83" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2000/0832508/0832508.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  28. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2003, No. 29" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2003/0292102/0292102.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  29. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2003, No. 185" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2003/1853112/1853112.pdf#page=1. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  30. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2004, No. 81" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2004/0810706/0810706.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  31. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2004, No. 186" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2004/1862511/1862511.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 
  32. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2005, No. 87". Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2005/0087/2005A16381.html. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  33. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2006, No. 100" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2006/0100/a100.pdf. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  34. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2006, No. 124". Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2006/0124/2006A2140A.html. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  35. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2007, No. 48". Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2007/0048/2007A0842A.html. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  36. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2007, No. 192". Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2007/0192/2007A3466A.html. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  37. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2008, No. 37". Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2008/0037/2008A0600A.html. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  38. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2008, No. 213" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2008/0213/a213.pdf. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  39. ^ (French) "Mémorial A, 2004, No. 186" (PDF). Service central de législation. http://www.legilux.public.lu/leg/a/archives/2004/1862511/1862511.pdf#page=2. Retrieved 2006-12-28. 

References

External links


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