Prix Goncourt


Prix Goncourt

The Prix Goncourt is a prize in French literature, given to the author of "the best and most imaginative prose work of the year".

Edmond de Goncourt, a successful author, critic, and publisher, bequeathed his entire estate for the foundation and maintenance of the Académie Goncourt. In honour of his brother and collaborator, Jules Alfred Huot de Goncourt, (1830-1870), the Académie has awarded the Prix Goncourt every December since 1903. The jury that determines the winner meets at the "Drouant" restaurant to make its decision. The award, though nominal, ensures the winner celebrity status and a boost in sales.

The award may only be given to an author once, and has never been given to an author twice except in one case. Romain Gary won it in 1956 for "Les racines du ciel", and then won it again under the pseudonym Émile Ajar in 1975 for "La vie devant soi".

A few of the authors who have won the prize are: Marcel Proust, Jean Fayard, Simone de Beauvoir, Georges Duhamel, Alphonse de Châteaubriant, Antonine Maillet.

Some decisions for awarding the prize were controversial, the most famous case being the decision to award the prize 1919 to Marcel Proust; this was met with indignation, since many in the public felt that the prize should have gone to Roland Dorgelès for "Les Croix de bois", a novel about the First World War, for the following reasons:
* the prize was supposed to be awarded to promising young authors, whereas Proust was 48 (Proust was a beginning author, though, which is the only eligibility requirement for the prize, age being unimportant);
* this was immediately after the end of the war, where Dorgelès had fought, whereas Proust had been deemed unfit for service for medical reasons (he had asthma);

The 1932 prize was also controversial for passing up Céline, and the voting process became the basis of the 1992 book "Goncourt 32" by Eugène Saccomano.

In 1987, the Prix Goncourt des Lycéens was established, as a collaboration between the Académie Goncourt, the French Ministry of Education, and FNAC, a book, music, and movie retailer.

Every year, the Académie Goncourt also awards the Goncourt prize of Poetry.

ee also

* Prix Goncourt des Lycéens
*The Man Booker Prize
*The Commonwealth Writers' Prize
*The National Book Award
*The Whitbread Book Awards
*The Governor General's Award
* List of prizes, medals, and awards


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  • Prix Goncourt —   [prigɔ̃ kuːr], angesehenster französischer Literaturpreis, der seit 1903 jährlich in der ersten Dezemberwoche von der Académie Goncourt für ein während des Jahres erschienenes Werk der erzählenden Literatur in französischer Sprache vergeben… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Prix Goncourt — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Goncourt. Le prix Goncourt est un prix littéraire français récompensant des auteurs d expression française, créé par le testament d Edmond de Goncourt en 1896. La Société Littéraire des Goncourt fut… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prix Goncourt — Michel Houellebecq, Preisträger 2010 Der Prix Goncourt (frz. Le prix Goncourt, lə pʁi ɡɔ̃kuʁ) ist der bekannteste französische Literaturpreis. Er wird seit 1903 jeweils im Spätherbst von der 1900 gegründeten Académie Goncourt vergeben u …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prix Goncourt — /pree gon koor /; Fr. /prddee gawonn koohrdd / Goncourt (def. 2). * * * ▪ French literary prize       French literary prize, one of the most important in France. It was first conceived in 1867 by the brothers Edmond and Jules de Goncourt, authors …   Universalium

  • Prix Goncourt — Prix Gon|court [prigõ ku:r] der; <nach dem Stifter, dem franz. Schriftsteller E. de Goncourt, 1822 1896> von der Académie Goncourt jährlich verliehener Literaturpreis für ein während des Jahres erschienenes Erzählwerk in franz. Sprache …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Prix Goncourt — /pri gɒ̃ˈkʊə/ (say pree gon koouh) noun a French literary prize, awarded annually. {named after the Académie Goncourt. See Edmond and Jules Goncourt} …   Australian English dictionary

  • Prix Goncourt — noun an award given annually for contributions to French literature • Hypernyms: ↑award, ↑accolade, ↑honor, ↑honour, ↑laurels * * * /pree gon koor /; Fr. /prddee gawonn koohrdd / Goncourt (def. 2) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Prix Goncourt —  Preeminent French literary award …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Prix Goncourt Jeunesse — Prix Goncourt Pour les articles homonymes, voir Goncourt. Le prix Goncourt est un prix littéraire français récompensant des auteurs d expression française, créé par le testament d Edmond de Goncourt en 1896. La Société Littéraire des Goncourt fut …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Prix Goncourt de la Biographie — Prix Goncourt Pour les articles homonymes, voir Goncourt. Le prix Goncourt est un prix littéraire français récompensant des auteurs d expression française, créé par le testament d Edmond de Goncourt en 1896. La Société Littéraire des Goncourt fut …   Wikipédia en Français