- Laboratory robotics
Laboratory robotics is the act of using
robots in biologyor chemistrylabs. For example, pharmaceutical companies employ robots to move biological or chemical samples around to synthesize novel chemical entities or to test pharmaceutical value of existing chemical matter.
Laboratory processes are suited for robotic automation as the processes are composed of repetitive movements (e.g. pick/place, liquid & solid additions, heating/cooling, mixing, shaking, testing).
Biological Laboratory Robotics
Biological and chemical samples, in either liquid or solid state, are stored in vials, plates or tubes. Often, they need to be frozen and/or sealed to avoid contamination or to retain their biological and/or chemical properties. Specifically, the life science industry has standardized on a plate format, known as the
microtiter plate, to store such samples.
The microtiter plate standard was formalized by the [http://www.sbsonline.org Society for Biomolecular Screening] in 1996. It typically has 96, 384 or even 1536 sample wells arranged in a 2:3 rectangular matrix. The standard governs well dimensions (e.g. diameter, spacing and depth) as well as plate properties (e.g. dimensions and rigidity).
A number of companies have developed robots to specifically handle SBS microplates. Such robots may be liquid handlers which aspirates or dispenses liquid samples from and to these plates, or "plate movers" which transport them between instruments.
Instrument companies have designed
plate readers which can carry out detect specific biological, chemical or physical events in samples stored in these plates. These readers typically use optical and/or computer visiontechniques to evaluate the contents of the microtiter plate wells.
Advantages and Disadvantages
* Faster processing (Note automation is not always faster than a human operator)
* Increased repeatability
* Increased productivity
* Improved efficiency
* High reproducibility
* Establish safer working environments
* Reduction in materials wastage due to optimized process variables
* Ability to perform work continuously unaffected by human constraints
* Able to perform work in and around harsh environments.
* Withdraws staff from boring, repetitive tasks
* Single / one off sample assessments are expensive
* Many laboratory techniques have not yet been developed for robotic automation
* Difficult to automate in instances where visual analysis / recognition / comparison is required
* Analysis is limited by available sensory inputs
* Increases job shortages
* [http://www.argonlabsystems.com/facts/benefits-advantages.html Argon Lab Systems - Advantages of Laboratory Automation]
* [http://www.bioseroinc.com/ Biosero]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Laboratory Robotics Interest Group — The Laboratory Robotics Interest Group (LRIG) [http://lab robotics.org/] is an international non profit organization dedicated to the study and discussion of laboratory automation. Through mailing lists, forums, and online presentations, as well… … Wikipedia
Laboratory automation — is a multi disciplinary strategy to research, develop, optimize and capitalize on technologies in the laboratory that enable new and improved processes. Laboratory automation professionals are academic, commercial and government researchers,… … Wikipedia
Robotics — is the science and technology of robots, and their design, manufacture, and application.cite web |url=http://mw1.merriam webster.com/dictionary/Robotics |title=Definition of robotics Merriam Webster Online Dictionary |accessdate=2007 08 26… … Wikipedia
Laboratory for analysis and architecture of systems — The Laboratory for analysis and architecture of systems ( Laboratoire d analyse et d architectures des systèmes , LAAS) is a laboratory depending from the Centre national de la recherche scientifique . This facility is located near to other… … Wikipedia
Topic outline of robotics — Robotics is the science and technology of designing, making, and applying robots, including theory from many contributing fields. A robot is a mechanical or virtual, artificial . It is usually an electromechanical system, which, by its appearance … Wikipedia
Outline of robotics — See also: Index of robotics articles The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to robotics: Robotics – branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, structural disposition, manufacture and… … Wikipedia
Georgia Institute of Technology Center for Robotics and Intelligent Machines — Infobox Company company name = Georgia Institute of Technology Center for Robotics and Intelligent Machines company company type = Nonprofit foundation = 2006 location = Atlanta, Georgia, USA key people = Henrik I. Christensen, Director industry … Wikipedia
Cognitive robotics — a robot is a robot device that is built from inanimate matter. Its behavior in response to the environment is deterministic, based on how the robot was designed. Cognition is the process of acquiring and using knowledge about the world for goal… … Wikipedia
Mobile Robotics Laboratory — Infobox University name = Mobile Robotics Laboratory established = 2002 type = Public head = [http://www.aero.iisc.ernet.in/dghose/welcome.html Dr. Debasish Ghose] city = Bangalore, India campus = Indian Institute of Science website =… … Wikipedia
Mobile Robotics Laboratory at IISc — Mobile Robotics Laboratory Established 2002 Type Public Location Bangalore, India Campus Indian Institute of Science … Wikipedia