- Architecture of Central Asia
The Architecture of Central Asia, which is generally considered as comprising
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistanhas been influenced by a diverse array of architectural traditions such as Russian architectureduring the eras of tsarist and Soviet rule, Islamic architecturewhich came earlier, Persian architecture, and Chinese architecture.
Timurid architecture is the pinnacle of
Islamic artin Central Asia. Spectacular and stately edifices erected by Timurand his successors in Samarkandand Herathelped to disseminate the influence of the Ilkhanidschool of art in India, thus giving rise to the celebrated Mogholschool of architecture. Timurid architecture started with the sanctuary of Ahmed Yasawi in present-day Kazakhstanand culminated in Timur's mausoleum Gur-e Amirin Samarkand. The style is largely derived from Persian architecture. Axial symmetryis a characteristic of all major Timurid structures, notably the Shah-e Zendahin Samarkandand the mosque of Gowhar Shadin Meshed. Double domes of various shapes abound, and the outsides are perfused with brilliant colors.
Due to the long tradition of Persian influence in Central Asia, many significant buildings in the Persian tradition are located there. Examples of these include the
Minaret of Jam.
Architecture of Mongolia
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