Veit Harlan


Veit Harlan

Veit Harlan (September 22 1899, Berlin - April 13 1964, Capri, Italy) was a German film director and actor.

Biography

After studying under Max Reinhardt, he first appeared on the theatre stage in 1915. After World War I, he appeared on the Berlin stage. In 1922 he married Jewish actress and cabaret singer Dora Gerson and the couple divorced in 1924. Gerson later died at Auschwitz with her family. In 1929, he married Hilde Koerber, having three children with her before divorcing her for political reasons related to the influence of National Socalism. Afterwards, he married the actress Kristina Soederbaum, for whom he wrote several tragic roles, further increasing her popularity.

During the 1930s, Harlan made several anti-Semitic films. In 1937 Joseph Goebbels appointed Harlan as one of his leading propaganda directors. His most notorious film is "Jud Süß", which was made for anti-Semitic propaganda purposes in Germany and Austria. In 1943 it received UFA's highest awards.

At the end of the war Harlan was charged with participating in the anti-Semitic movement and aiding the Nazis. He successfully argued against the charges on the grounds that higher-ups had deliberately interfered with his art and was acquitted.

In 1951, Harlan sued Hamburg politician Erich Lüth for publicly calling for a boycott of one of Harlans post-world war II films. Harlan was granted an injunction against Lüth in the lower courts which was then lifted by the Federal Constitutional Court for violating Lüth's freedom of expression. It was a landmark decision because it clarified the importance of the constitutional civil rights in disputes between individuals.

Veit Harlan's niece, Christiane Susanne Harlan, married filmmaker Stanley Kubrick, who was Jewish. See Christiane Kubrick. She is credited by her stage name "Susanne Christian" in Kubrick's "Paths of Glory", during the filming of which she met the famous director. The film was produced in 1957; she married Kubrick in 1958.

Veit Harlan made a few more films after the war, dying while on vacation in Capri.

Filmography

* "Krach im Hinterhaus" (1934)
* "Kreutzersonate" (1937)
* "Der Herrscher" (1937)
* "Jugend" (1938)
* "Verwehte Spuren" (1938)
* "Das unsterbliche Herz" (1939)
* "Jud Süß" (1940)
* "Der große König" (1941)
* "Die goldene Stadt" (1942)
* "Immensee" (1943)
* "Opfergang" (1944)
* "Kolberg" (1944/1945)
* "Unsterbliche Geliebte" (1950)
* "Die blaue Stunde" (1952)
* "Sterne über Colombo" (1953)
* "Verrat an Deutschland (Der Fall Dr. Sorge)" (1954)
* "Anders als du und ich" aka "Das dritte Geschlecht" (1957)

See also

*List of films made in the Third Reich
*Nazism and cinema

External links

*imdb name|id=0363235|name=Veit Harlan
* [http://film.virtual-history.com/person.php?personid=287 Photographs of Veit Harlan]


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