Communist Party (Sweden)

Communist Party (Sweden)
Communist Party
Kommunistiska Partiet
Leader Anders Carlsson
Founded 1970
Headquarters Marx-Engelshuset, Fjärde Långgatan 8B, Gothenburg
Newspaper Proletären
Ideology Communism,
Political position Far left
International affiliation None
European affiliation None
European Parliament Group None
Official colours Red
Politics of Sweden
Political parties

The Communist Party (Kommunistiska Partiet) is a Marxist-Leninist political party in Sweden.

1970-1977 it was known as the Communist League Marxist-Leninists (the revolutionaries) (Kommunistiska Förbundet Marxist-Leninisterna (revolutionärerna), abbreviated KFML(r)) and during 1977-2004 it had the name Communist Party Marxist-Leninists (the revolutionaries) (Kommunistiska Partiet Marxist-Leninisterna (revolutionärerna), abbreviated KPML(r)).

KFML(r) was founded through a split in the pro-Beijing KFML. "The (r)s" ("(r)-arna") considered that KFML had approached reformism and was not a genuine workers' movement. In 1970 it began publishing the weekly Proletären (The Proletarian).

During the 1980s, KPML(r) achieved representation in some munipicalities, including Gothenburg, Sweden's second largest city. The Gothenburg region has always been the strongest point of KPML(r). During the period of 1970 to 1999 the party chairman was Frank Baude. The current chairman is Anders Carlsson.

The 14th Party Congress, held in Gothenburg January 6–8, 2005 decided to change the name of the party to the Communist Party.

The party does not participate in elections to the national nor the European parliaments. It doesn't contest national parliament elections due to tactical reasons, whereas it advocates boycott of the European parliament elections. It contests municipal elections in some municipalities.

Its members and sympathisers includes - or included - several Swedish celebrities, such as actors Sven Wollter, Lasse Brandeby and Kent Andersson and musicians Ken, Totta Näslund and Fred Åkerström, all of whom have participated in events and gatherings arranged by the party.


Front organizations

Part of a series on
Swedish Communism

KPML(r)/Kommunistiska Partiet


Zeth Höglund
Kata Dalström
Karl Kilbom
Hugo Sillén
Sven Linderot
Set Persson
Hilding Hagberg
C.H. Hermansson
Frank Baude
Lars Werner


Folkets Dagblad Politiken

Related articles

Politics of Sweden

Communism Portal
This box: view · United FNL Groups (DFFG) and the Swedish Clarté League broke away and set up the Solidarity Front for the People of Indochina and Clarté (m-l) respectively. In 1972 these two structures were dissolved and merged into the Young Communist League of Sweden (marxist-leninists), the new KFML(r) youth wing. Later a new students organisation, SKS(ml), was formed. Both SKU(ml) and SKS(ml) were disbanded towards the end of the 1970s, as the party itself consisted mainly of young people.

In 1994 the party again launched a youth organization, Revolutionary Communist Youth (RKU).

Espionage against the party

KFML(r)/KPML(r), as well as other organizations close to it, was subject to political surveillance from SÄPO. (Numbers come from SÄPO's own report)

Year: No. of registered individuals:
1980 1499
1985 2012
1990 1943
1995 1819
1996 1618
1997 1561
1998 1346

Electoral results[2]

KPML(r) municipal election results 2002
Municipality: Votes 2006: % 2006: Seats 2006: Votes 2002: % 2002: Seats 2002: Votes 1998: % 1998 Seats 1998:
Alingsås 243 1.07% 0 204 0.9% 0 164 0.77% 0
Gislaved 794 4.68% 2 1099 6.51% 3 1545 8.96% 4
Göteborg 3701 1.27% 0 4296 1.54% 0 3797 1.44% 0
Helsingborg 211 0.29% 0 427 0.6% 0 - - -
Jönköping 300 0.40% 0 328 0.44% 0 - - -
Karlshamn 847 4.33% 2 2092 10.86% 6 2469 12.71% 7
Kristianstad 231 0.50% 0 308 0.68% 0 177 0.4% 0
Lysekil 525 5.72% 2 429 4.66% 2 414 4.44% 2
Malmö 451 0.29% 0 477 0.32% 0 319 0.22% 0
Stockholm 449 0.09% 0 511 0.1% 0 765 0.17% 0
Uppsala 497 0.43% 0 451 0.4% 0 196 0.17% 0
Växjö 323 0.66% 0 301 0.65% 0 - - -

Footnotes and references

All links retrieved and checked as of March 10, 2007.

External links

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