- Posy Simmonds
Infobox Comics creator
name = Posy Simmonds
birthname = Rosemary Elizabeth Simmonds
birthdate = birth date and age|1945|08|09
Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
nationality = British
Cartoonist Illustrator Writer
notable works = "Gemma Bovary"
awards = MBE
Rosemary Elizabeth "Posy" Simmonds
MBE(born 9 August 1945) is a British newspaper cartoonistand writerand illustratorof children's books. She is best known for her long association with " The Guardian", for which she has drawn the cartoons "Gemma Bovery" (2000) and " Tamara Drewe" (2005-2006), both later published as books [ [http://www.paulgravett.com/articles/109_simmonds/109_simmonds.htm Paul Gravett interviewing Posy Simmonds] ] . Her style gently satirises the English middle classes and in particular those of a literary bent. Both of the published books feature a "doomed heroine", much in the style of the 18th and 19th Century gothic romantic novel, to which they often allude, but with an ironic, modernist slant.
Posy Simmonds was born in
Berkshireand educated at Queen Anne's School, Caversham. She studied at the Sorbonne before returning to Londonto attend the Central School of Art & Design. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/arts/2045620.stm BBC News, June 2002] ] She started her newspaper career drawing a strip for "The Sun" in 1969 before joining "The Guardian" as an illustrator in 1972.
In 1979 she started drawing a weekly comic strip for "The Guardian", initially titled "The Silent Three of St. Botolph's" as a tribute to the 1950s strip "
The Silent Three" by Evelyn Flinders. The strip focused on three 1950s schoolfriends in their later, middle-class and nearly middle-aged lives: Wendy Weber, a former nurse married to polytechnic sociologylecturer George with a large brood of children; Jo Heep, married to whisky salesman Edmund with two rebellious teenagers; and Trish Wright, married to philandering advertising executive Stanhope with a young baby. The strip, which was latterly untitled and usually known just as "Posy", ran until the late 1980s. It was collected into a number of books: "Mrs Weber's Diary", "Pick of Posy", "Very Posy" and "Pure Posy", and one original cartoon book featuring the same characters, "True Love". Her later cartoons for "The Guardian" and " The Spectator" were collected as "Mustn't Grumble" in 1992.
In 1980 and 1981, Simmonds was named Cartoonist of the Year. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/arts/2045620.stm BBC News,
14 June 2002] ]
In 1987 Simmonds turned her hand to writing, as well as illustrating, children's books. "Fred", the story of a cat with a secret life, was later filmed as "Famous Fred" and nominated for the
Academy Award for Animated Short Filmand several BAFTAs. Her other children's books include "Lulu and the Flying Babies", "The Chocolate Wedding" and "Lavender".
In the late 1990s Posy returned to the pages of "The Guardian" with "
Gemma Bovery", which reworked the story of Gustave Flaubert's " Madame Bovary" into a satirical tale of English expatriates in France. It was published as a graphic novel in 1999. "Literary Life" appeared in "The Guardian"'s "Review" section on Saturdays from November 2002 until December 2004. One collected edition of "Literary Life" cartoons has been published.
Posy's most recent "Guardian" series, "
Tamara Drewe", made its début in the Review section on 17 September 2005, in the first Saturday paper after the "Guardian"'s relaunch in the Berliner format. It ended, with episode 109 and an epilogue, on 2 December 2006and was published as a book in 2007.
She drew the illustrations for the opening titles of the
BBC's 2007 production of Elizabeth Gaskell's "Cranford".
She was made a Member of the British Empire in 2002 for her services to the newspaper industry.
*"The Posy Simmonds Bear Book" (1969)
*"Mrs Weber's Diary" (1979)
*"True Love" (1981)
*"Pick Of Posy" (1982)
*"Very Posy" (1985)
*"Pure Posy" (1987)
*"Mustn't Grumble" (1993)
*"Gemma Bovery" (1999)
*"Literary Life" (2003)
*"Tamara Drewe "(2007)
*"Bouncing Buffalo" (1984)
*"Lulu And The Flying Babies" (1988)
*"The Chocolate Wedding" (1990)
*"Matilda: Who Told Lies and Was Burned To Death" (1991)
*"F-Freezing ABC" (1996)
*"Cautionary Tales And Other Verses" (1997)
*"Mr Frost" (2001, in "Little Litt" #2)
*"Baker Cat" (2004)
* [http://www.itvlocal.com/anglia/locallife/?player=ANG_LocalLife_15&void=188059 Posy Simmonds talks drawing, writing and Tamara Drewe with ITV Local Anglia]
* [http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/the_tls/article2869893.ece "Tamara Drewe's Wessex] : an article in the [http://www.the-tls.co.uk TLS] by Mick Imlah,
November 14 2007
* [http://books.guardian.co.uk/tamaradrewe "Tamara Drewe"]
* [http://books.guardian.co.uk/posysimmonds "Literary Life"]
* [http://www.lambiek.net/artists/s/simmonds_posy.htm Lambiek comiclopedia entry on Posy Simmonds]
* [http://magicpencil.britishcouncil.org/artists/simmonds Profile from the British Council's "Magic Pencil" exhibition]
* [http://specials.slate.com/clive-james/#1137697603.1 Clive James interview with Posy Simmonds]
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/factual/desertislanddiscs.shtml BBC Radio 4, "Desert Island Discs"] , first broadcast on
29 June 2008
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