- Counts and Dukes of Maine
Dukes of Maine (duces Cenomannicus)
- Charivius (fl. 723) — appears as dux in a document of 723. Controlled twelve counties and the Diocese of Le Mans
- Grifo (748–749) — given the twelve counties of Maine by his brothers, Pepin the Short and Carloman, as appeasement, but rebelled the next year.
- Charles the Younger (790–811) — given the ducatus Cenomannicus to govern, along with the title rex Francorum by his father, Charlemagne.
- Lothair I (817–831) — given the ducatus as part of a division of the realm by his father, Louis the Pious.
- Pepin I (831–838) — given the ducatus as part of a re-division of the realm by his father, Louis the Pious.
- Charles the Bald (838–851) — given the ducatus on the death of Pepin by their father, Louis the Pious.
- Robert the Strong (851/3–856) — given Main, Anjou, and Touraine as dux and missus dominicus. Rebelled in 856.
- Louis the Stammerer (856–858) — granted the twelve counties and a court at Le Mans by his father, Charles the Bald, until chased away by Breton rebels.
Counts of Maine
- Banzleib (fl. 830s)
- Rorgon I (832–839)
- Gauzbert (839–849)
- Rorgon II (849–865)
- Gosfrid (865–886)
- Roger (886–893)
- Gauzlin II (893–895)
- Roger (restored) (895–898)
- Gauzlin III (898–900)
- Hugh I (900–950)
- Hugh II (950–992)
- Hugh III (992–1015)
- Herbert I Wakedog (1015–1032)
- Hugh IV (1036–1051)
- under Angevin rule (1051–1063)
- Herbert II (1058–1062)
- Walter of Mantes (1062–1063)
- Robert Curthose (1063–1069)
- Hugh V (1069–1131)
- Elias I (1093–1110), in opposition
- Eremburga and Fulk V of Anjou (1110–1126), in opposition
- Geoffrey of Anjou (1126–1151)
- Elias II (1151)
- Henry II of England (1151–1189)
- Henry the Young King (1169–1183)
- Richard Lionheart (1189–1199)
- John Lackland (1200–1205)
- Arthur I of Brittany (1186–1203)
- annexed by France in 1203
- John Capet (1219–1232)
- Charles I (1246–1285)
- Charles II (1285–1325)
- Louis I (1339–1384)
- Louis II (1384–1417)
- Louis III (1417–1434)
- René I of Naples (1434–1441)
- Charles IV of Maine, Duke of Anjou (1441–1472)
- Charles V of Maine, Duke of Anjou (1480–1481)
- royal domain
- Charles VI of Maine, Duke of Mayenne (?–1611)
- Henry, Duke of Mayenne (1611–1621)
- Charles II Gonzaga (1621–1631)
- Ferdinand Gonzaga (1631–1632)
- Charles III Gonzaga (1632–?)
Dukes of Maine (ducs du Maine)
In 1673, the title began to be used again. It was revived by Louis XIV for his first illegitimate son by his infamous mistress, Françoise-Athénaïs, marquise de Montespan. He used it until his death and also founded the semi-royal house of Bourbon du Maine, named after his title.
- Louis-Auguste de Bourbon, duc du Maine (1673–1736)
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