- Encyclopaedia Judaica
The "Encyclopaedia Judaica" is a 26-volume English-language
encyclopediaof the Jewish people and their faith, Judaism. It covers diverse areas of the Jewish world and civilization, including Jewish historyin all eras, culture, holidays, language, scripture, and religious teachings.
It was first published in 1971-1972 in sixteen volumes. It was published in Jerusalem by Keter Publishing House and in New York by the Macmillan Company.
Between 1972 and 1994, ten annual yearbooks were collected in a 1973-1982 events supplement and a 1983-1992 events supplement was added. Together these volumes contain more than 15 million words in over 25,000 articles.
Its general editors were, successively,
Cecil Rothand Geoffrey Wigoder. Advertisers describe it as the result of about three decades of study and research by about 2,200 contributors and 250 editors around the world.
Shorter Jewish Encyclopediain Russian, launched in the early 1970s as an abridged translation of the "Encyclopaedia Judaica", evolved into a largely independent publication that by late 2005 included eleven volumes and three supplements. [ru icon [http://www.eleven.co.il/ Electronic Jewish Encyclopedia] based on "The Shorter Jewish Encyclopedia" (Краткая еврейская энциклопедия) published in Jerusalem in 1976-2005. The Society for Research on Jewish Communities in cooperation with The Hebrew University, Jerusalem]
An earlier, unfinished German-language "Encyclopaedia Judaica" was published by
Nahum Goldmann's Eshkol Publishing Society in Berlin 1928-1934. The chief editors were Jakob Klatzkinand Ismar Elbogen. Ten volumes from "Aach" to "Lyra" appeared before the project halted due to the Nazi persecutions. Two Hebrew-language volumes A-Antipas were also published, under the title "Eshkol" (Hebrew אשכול). A few of the articles from the German "Judaica" and even some of the reparations payments to Goldmann were used in making the English-language "Judaica". A shorter Jewish Encyclopedia was published at the turn of century. [ [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/ Jewish Encyclopedia] ] It was followed by the"Jüdisches Lexikon I — II" (1927 — 28) and "Encyclopedia Judaica I — II" (1927 — 28) and "Zsidó Lexikon" (1929, edited by Ujvári Péter, in Hungarian language). [ [http://www.zsidlex.extra.hu Zsidó Lexikon] ]
The English-language "Judaica" is also available on
CD-ROM. The CD-ROM version is enhanced by at least 100,000 hyperlinks and several other features including videos, slide shows, maps, music and Hebrew pronunciations.
Because of its comprehensive scope, authority, and widespread availability, the "Encyclopaedia Judaica" is recommended by the
Library of Congressand by the Association of Jewish Librariesfor use in determining the authoritative romanizationof names of Jewish authors. Its guidelines for transliterating Hebrew into English are followed by many academic books and journals.
The 1972 edition has generated both positive and negative reviews.David B. Levy, [http://www.jewishlibraries.org/ajlweb/publications/proceedings/proceedings2002/levy.pdf THE MAKING OF THE ENCYCLOPAEDIA JUDAICA AND THE JEWISH ENCYCLOPEDIA] , Proceedings of the 37th Annual Convention of the Association of Jewish Libraries]
In July 2003,
Thomson Galeannounced that it had acquired the rights to publish a second edition of "Encyclopaedia Judaica", expecting to publish in December 2006 under one of its imprints, Macmillan Reference USA. The 22-volume work was published December 30, 2006 and released in January 2007.
Gale has published other substantial revisions of major reference works in the field of religion in recent years, including second editions of "
The Encyclopedia of Religion" and " The New Catholic Encyclopedia". Together with original publishers Keter Publishing House, Gale has made major updates to many sections of "Encyclopaedia Judaica" for the new edition, including the entries on the Holocaust, American Jewry, Israeland others. Fred Skolnik, who served as a co-editor on the original edition of "Judaica", was retained as Editor-in-Chief for the 2nd edition. American Holocaust scholar Michael Berenbaum, adjunct professor of theology at the American Jewish Universityas well as director of its Sigi Ziering Institute: Exploring the Ethical and Religious Implications of the Holocaust, serves as the editor for the Holocaust and Americana sections of the encyclopedia and executive editor for the work at large. Judith Baskin, University of Oregon Judaic Studies department head, was brought on to supervise improvement of women's studies and gender issues coverage. In total, more than 50 divisional editors, including five winners of the Israel Prize, oversaw contributions from nearly 1,200 scholars and editors. The new edition contains more than 21,000 signed entries, including 2,600 brand-new entries and 12,000 changed entries. "Updated Judaica", "Dateline World Jewry", World Jewish Congress Foundation, December 2006/January 2007]
Critical Reception and Awards
Reviews from library literature have been positive. Donald Altschiller of Boston University, writing in
Choice, states that the second edition of Encyclopaedia Judaica "has already attained a secure place in the reference pantheon...Essential." [ cite journal|title=Encyclopaedia Judaica|journal=CHOICE|date=2007-09|first=Donald|last=Altschiller|coauthors= |volume= |issue= |pages= |id= |url=http://www.cro2.org/default.aspx?page=reviewdisplay&pid=3304943|format= |accessdate=2007-09-19 ] Barbara Bibel, writing in Booklist, calls the set "a welcome addition to reference collections." [ cite journal|title=Encyclopaedia Judaica. 2d ed|journal=Booklist|date=2007-05-15|first=Barbara|last=Bibel|coauthors= |volume=103|issue=18|pages=72|id= |url= |format= |accessdate=2007-09-19 ]
The second edition of the Encyclopaedia has received numerous major awards for excellence, including the 2007
Dartmouth Medalfrom the American Library Association, the most prestigious award in the field of reference publishing." [cite news |first= |last= |coauthors= |title='Encyclopaedia Judaica' named recipient of the 2007 Dartmouth Medal |date= 2007-02-06|publisher= American Library Association|url=http://www.ala.org/ala/pressreleases2007/february2007/DartmouthMedal.htm |work= |pages= |accessdate=2007-09-19 |language=] In presenting the award, Edward Kownslar, the chairman of the Dartmouth Medal committee was quoted as saying: "This 22-volume set is an authoritative, interdisciplinary and comprehensive examination of all aspects of Jewish life, history and culture. This title is an extensive revision of the first edition, which was published in 1972, and has 2600 new entries. In addition to updating all world and political events affecting Jewish life and culture since the early 1970s, 'Judaica' has significantly enhanced biblical studies and the Holocaust from the first edition. This title has also expanded the area of women's studies." [ [http://www.ala.org/ala/rusa/rusaawards/2007recipients/2007recipients.cfm ALA | RUSA Current Recipients ] ]
The Encyclopaedia was also named to the "Best Reference 2007" list by
Library Journal[ [http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6547055.html Best Reference 2007 - 4/15/2008 - Library Journal ] ] and was added to the list of "Outstanding Reference Source for Small and Medium-sized Libraries" by the Reference and User Services Associationof the American Library Association in 2008. [ [http://www.acrl.org/ala/rusa/protools/outstandingref/thelists1/lists.cfm ALA | The Lists ] ]
The new edition has also encountered criticism from some scholars, especially those from the Orthodox community, who take issue with the currency of many of the entries, as well as its
secularpoint of view. [ [http://seforim.blogspot.com/2007/06/shnayer-leiman-new-encyclopaedia.html the Seforim blog: Shnayer Leiman - The New Encyclopaedia Judaica: Some Preliminary Observations ] ]
* David B. Levy, [http://www.jewishlibraries.org/ajlweb/publications/proceedings/proceedings2002/levy.pdf "The Making of the "Encyclopaedia Judaica" and the "Jewish Encyclopedia"] [http://www.jewishlibraries.org/ajlweb/publications/proceedings/proceedings2002.htm "Proceedings of the 37th Annual Convention of the Association of Jewish Libraries"] , 2002. A review and comparison of these two encyclopedias as works of scholarship and as library information resources.
* " [http://www.gale.com/servlet/PressArchiveDetailServlet?articleID=200307_EJ Gale® Acquires a Cultural Treasure: Gale to publish The Encyclopaedia Judaica - first new edition in more than 30 years] ", press release July 29, 2003, at Thomson Gale.
* Joan Biella, " [http://www.jewishlibraries.org/ajlweb/publications/proceedings/proceedings2001/biellaj.pdf Authority Work in Ruritania] ". " [http://www.jewishlibraries.org/ajlweb/publications/proceedings/proceedings2001.htm Proceedings of the 36th Annual Convention of the Association of Jewish Libraries] ", 2001. In a charming and instructive fantasy, a librarian establishes a work's author's name by using the "Encyclopaedia Judaica" according to accepted procedure.
* Shnayer Leiman [http://seforim.blogspot.com/2007/06/shnayer-leiman-new-encyclopaedia.html "The New Encyclopaedia Judaica: Some Preliminary Observations"]
Jewish Encyclopedia, edited by Cyrus Adlerfrom 1901 to 1906.
* [http://www.encyclopaediajudaica.com Official website]
* [http://www.galeuk.com/judaica Official Website - Europe, Middle East and Africa]
* [http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1161811211083&pagename=JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull Jerusalem Post article about the Second Edition]
* [http://www.ejpress.org/article/11053 Coverage of the launch of the 2nd edition at the 2006 Frankfurt Book Fair]
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Encyclopaedia Judaica — Die Encyclopaedia Judaica ist eine englischsprachige Kulturenzyklopädie, die versucht, das gesamte bekannte Wissen zum Judentum darzustellen. Sie ist ab 1971 publiziert worden (Jerusalem: Keter; New York: Macmillan). Sie geht zurück auf die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Encyclopaedia Judaica — L Encyclopaedia Judaica est une encyclopédie en langue anglaise en 26 volumes consacrée à la culture, l histoire et la religion juives. Elle prend le relais de la Jewish Encyclopedia anglophone publiée en 1901 1906 et du projet de Judaïca en… … Wikipédia en Français
Judaica — Thoraschild (Tas), 18. Jahrhundert Als Judaica werden zum einen die handschriftliche oder gedruckte Literatur aller Sprachen und jeglicher Autorenschaft (auch von Nichtjuden) bezeichnet, die sich mit dem Judentum (Kultur, Religion, Judaistik)… … Deutsch Wikipedia
encyclopaedia — Reference work that contains information on all branches of knowledge or that treats a particular branch of knowledge comprehensively. It is self contained and explains subjects in greater detail than a dictionary. It differs from an almanac in… … Universalium
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Encyclopedia Judaica — Encyclopaedia Judaica L Encyclopaedia Judaica est une encyclopédie en langue anglaise comprenant 26 volumes. Elle concerne la culture, l histoire et la religion juives. Elle prend le relais de la Jewish Encyclopedia anglophone publiée en 1901… … Wikipédia en Français
Encyclopedie judaica — Encyclopaedia Judaica L Encyclopaedia Judaica est une encyclopédie en langue anglaise comprenant 26 volumes. Elle concerne la culture, l histoire et la religion juives. Elle prend le relais de la Jewish Encyclopedia anglophone publiée en 1901… … Wikipédia en Français
Encyclopædia Judaica — Encyclopaedia Judaica L Encyclopaedia Judaica est une encyclopédie en langue anglaise comprenant 26 volumes. Elle concerne la culture, l histoire et la religion juives. Elle prend le relais de la Jewish Encyclopedia anglophone publiée en 1901… … Wikipédia en Français
Encyclopédie Judaica — Encyclopaedia Judaica L Encyclopaedia Judaica est une encyclopédie en langue anglaise comprenant 26 volumes. Elle concerne la culture, l histoire et la religion juives. Elle prend le relais de la Jewish Encyclopedia anglophone publiée en 1901… … Wikipédia en Français
Encyclopédie judaica — Encyclopaedia Judaica L Encyclopaedia Judaica est une encyclopédie en langue anglaise comprenant 26 volumes. Elle concerne la culture, l histoire et la religion juives. Elle prend le relais de la Jewish Encyclopedia anglophone publiée en 1901… … Wikipédia en Français