Auraria, Georgia


Auraria, Georgia

Auraria is a ghost town in Lumpkin County, Georgia, United States, southwest of Dahlonega. Its name derives from "aurum", the Latin word for "gold". In its early days, it was also known variously as Dean, Deans, Nuckollsville, and Scuffle Town. [gnis|354415|Auraria] ]

History

In 1828, a man walked Findley Ridge and kicked a rock -- and discovered it was full of gold. This was in Cherokee Indian territory, and part of present day Lumpkin County, Georgia. Settlers came in the Indian lands searching for gold during the ensuing Georgia Gold Rush. The Indians were dismayed at the influx of unauthorized settlers. Cherokee Indian leader Major Ridge, along with his son John Ridge and Stand Watie met with the United States and ceded the land in Georgia for land in Oklahoma. Most of the Cherokee Nation (under John Ross) protested the decision, but the Cherokee removal from Georgia, known as the Trail of Tears, began. The land east of Auraria was purchased by Vice President John Calhoun, and he established the Calhoun Mine there. The banks of Etowah River, Camp Creek, and Cane Creek had many mines (Barlow Mine, Battle Branch Mine, Ralston Mine, Whim Hill Mine, Hedwig-Chicago Mine, Gold Hill Mine Etowah Mine, and others).

Due to politics and land ownership, another nearby city was established, Dahlonega, Georgia. Due to location and political influence, Dahlonega received a Federal Mint for gold coins.

In 1848, gold was discovered in California. Former Auraria resident Jennie Wimmer, a cook in rural California, was the first person to prove the gold's authenticity, because she was the only person on the scene who knew the proper tests. This discovery led to the California gold rush of 1849. Discoveries of gold in California and soon after in Colorado caused Auraria to eventually fade into history. Gold mining in Georgia decreased and eventually all but ceased as miners went west looking for uncharted prospecting. Auraria's population quickly dwindled, and the community deteriorated into a ghost town.

Men from Auraria who left for Kansas Territory formed the settlement of Auraria in 1858; the town later merged with Denver, Colorado.

Present day

There are still a few old buildings standing: the collapsing Graham Hotel (in ruins, very unsafe to enter), Woody's store at Castleberry Bridge Road, that remained open till the early 1980s, a red house that was once a bank, another house across the street from that, and a couple of foundations. They stand in lone testament to the 19th century gold rush.

Geography

Auraria is located at coord|34|28|28|N|84|01|24|W|type:city, at an elevation of 1401 feet (427m)

To get to Auraria, go to the square in Dahlonega. Follow the west road to Dawsonville, pass the college (the gold-domed building is built on the foundation of the old mint). Turn left at the bottom of that hill and continue about 3 miles. The old red house on the left is the bank; after that, the collapsing building is the old hotel and just beyond on the left is the old Woody's store. Castleberry Bridge Road to the right leads down to the Etowah River.


http://www.wikimapia.org/#y=34474678&x=-84024484&z=18&l=0&m=a&v=2]

Citations

ee also

List of ghost towns in the United States

External links

[http://www.ghosttowns.com/states/ga/auraria.html GhostTowns.com: "Auraria"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Auraria, Denver — Auraria was a small mining settlement in the Kansas Territory in the United States. Today it survives in its original location as a neighborhood of Denver, Colorado, south of the confluence of Cherry Creek and the South Platte River.HistoryThe… …   Wikipedia

  • Auraria — Two places in the United States have the name Auraria: *Auraria, Georgia *Auraria, a former territorial capital, now a neighborhood in Denver, Colorado …   Wikipedia

  • Georgia Gold Rush — The Georgia Gold Rush was the second significant gold rush in the United States. It started in 1828 in the present day Lumpkin County near county seat Dahlonega, and soon spread through the North Georgia mountains, following the Georgia Gold Belt …   Wikipedia

  • Auraria (Géorgie) —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Auraria pour la ville du Colorado.  Auraria est un site d exploitation aurifère découvert en 1827[1] dans le comté de Lumpkin, et la région de Dahlonega, sur la façade ouest des Appalaches, en Géorgie. Ce… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georgia Gold Belt — The largest quantities of gold found in the eastern United States were found in the Georgia Gold Belt, which extends from eastern Alabama to Rabun County, Georgia. The biggest concentration of gold was found in White, Lumpkin, and northern… …   Wikipedia

  • Dahlonega, Georgia — Dahlonega, Georgia, USA   City   Historic Lumpkin County Courthouse, which now houses the Dahlonega Gold Museum Historic Site …   Wikipedia

  • Lumpkin County, Georgia — Infobox U.S. County county = Lumpkin County state = Georgia map size = 225 founded = December 3, 1832 seat = Dahlonega largest city = Dahlonega area total sq mi = 285 area total km2 = 738 area land sq mi = 284 area land km2 = 737 area water sq mi …   Wikipedia

  • Dawson County, Georgia — Dawson County courthouse in Dawsonville, Georgia …   Wikipedia

  • Allen Candler — Allen Daniel Candler (* 4. November 1834 in Auraria, Lumpkin County, Georgia; † 26. Oktober 1910 in Atlanta, Georgia) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur von Georgia. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre und politischer Aufstieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Allen Daniel Candler — (* 4. November 1834 in Auraria, Lumpkin County, Georgia; † 26. Oktober 1910 in Atlanta, Georgia) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur von Georgia. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre und politischer Aufstieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.