- Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy
Charles Emmanuel II Duke of Savoy Reign 4 October 1638 – 12 June 1675 Predecessor Francis Hyacinth Successor Victor Amadeus II Regent Christine Marie of France Spouse Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans
Marie Jeanne of Savoy
Issue Victor Amadeus II of Savoy Full name Carlo Emanuele di Savoia House House of Savoy Father Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy Mother Christine Marie of France Born 20 June 1634
Died 12 June 1675(aged 40)
Religion Roman Catholicism
Charles Emmanuel II (Italian: Carlo Emanuele II di Savoia) (20 June 1634 – 12 June 1675) was the Duke of Savoy from 1638 to 1675 and under regency of his mother Christine Marie of France until 1663. He was also Marquis of Saluzzo, Count of Aosta, Geneva, Moriana and Nice, as well as claimant king of Cyprus and Jerusalem. At his death in 1675 his second wife Marie Jeanne of Savoy acted as Regent for their eleven year old son.
He was born in Turin to Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy and Christine Marie of France. His maternal grandparents were Henry IV of France and his second wife Marie de' Medici. In 1638 at the death of his older brother Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy, Charles Emmanuel succeeded to the duchy of Savoy at the age of 4. His mother governed in his place, and even after reaching adulthood, Charles Emmanuel continued a life of pleasure, far away from the affairs of state.
He became notorious for his persecution of the Vaudois (Waldensians) culminating in the massacre of 1655. The massacre was so brutal that it prompted the English poet John Milton to write the sonnet On the Late Massacre in Piedmont. Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell called for a general fast in England and proposed to send the British Navy if the massacre was not stopped while gathering funds for helping the Waldensians. Sir Samuel Morland was commissioned with that task. He later wrote The History of the Evangelical Churches of the Valleys of Piemont (1658).
Only after the death of his mother in 1663, did he really assume power. He was not successful in gaining a passage to the sea at the expense of Genoa (Second Genoese-Savoyard War, 1672–1673), and had difficulties in retaining the influence of his powerful neighbour France.
But he greatly improved commerce and wealth in the Duchy, developing the port of Nice and building a road through the Alps towards France. He also reformed the army, which until then was mostly composed of mercenaries: he formed instead five Piedmontese regiments and recreated cavalry, as well as introducing uniforms. He also restored fortifications. He constructed many beautiful buildings in Turin, for instance the Palazzo Reale. He is buried at Turin Cathedral.
Charles Emmanuel married twice.
- 1. Françoise Madeleine d'Orléans (b.1648-d.1664), daughter of his maternal uncle Gaston, Duke of Orléans and younger brother of his mother Christine Marie. The couple had no issue;
- 2. Marie Jeanne of Savoy (1644-1724) had issue; was created regent of Savoy in 1675; regency ended in 1680 but Marie Jeanne maintained power till 1684;
- Victor Amadeus II of Savoy, future King of Sicily and later Sardinia; married Anne Marie d'Orléans and had issue; had illegitimate issue also; married Anna Teresa Canalis di Cumania in a morganatic marriage;
- Charles Emmanuel II also had a number of illegitimate children.
Titles and styles
- 20 June 1634 – 4 October 1638 His Highness Prince Charles Emmanuel of Savoy
- 4 October 1638 – 12 June 1675 His Highness the Duke of Savoy
1st Generationnone 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th GenerationPrince Luigi · Carlo, Prince of Piedmont · Philibert, Duke of Savoy · Prince Bernardo · Charles, Duke of Savoy · James Louis, Count of Genevois · Prince Gian Claudio Galeazzo · Prince Girolamo · Philibert, Duke of Savoy · Charles, Duke of Savoy · Prince Louis · Philippe, Duke of Nemours · Prince Assolone · Prince Giovanni Amedeo · Prince Emanuele Filiberto Adriano · Prince Louis · Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy 5th GenerationCharles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy · Jacques, Duke of Nemours 6th Generation 7th GenerationPrince Louis Amadeus · Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy · Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy · Emmanuel Philibert, Prince of Carignano · Joseph Emmanuel, Count of Soissons · Eugene Maurice, Count of Soissons 8th Generation 9th GenerationVictor Amadeus, Prince of Piedmont · Charles Emmanuel III, King of Sardinia · Emanuele Philibert, Duke of Chablais · Louis Victor, Prince of Carignano · Eugenio, Count of Villafranca · Prince Tommaso · Emmanuel Thomas, Count of Soissons 10th GenerationVictor Amadeus, Duke of Aosta · Victor Amadeus III, King of Sardinia · Emanuele Filiberto, Duke of Aosta · Carlo, Duke of Chablais · Carlo, Duke of Aosta · Benedetto, Duke of Chablais · Victor Amadeus II, Prince of Carignano · Prince Tommaso · Eugene Jean, Count of Soissons · Giuseppe Maria, Count of Villafranca 11th Generation 12th Generation 13th GenerationVictor Emmanuel II, King of Italy · Ferdinand, Duke of Genoa 14th Generation 15th Generation 16th GenerationUmberto II of Italy · Amedeo, Duke of Aosta*** · Aimone, Duke of Aosta*** 17th Generation 18th Generation 19th generationPrince Umberto*** · Prince Amedeo****member of a cadet branch of the House of Savoy
**Prince of Savoy-Genoa
***Prince of Savoy-AostaAmadeus VIII (1416–1440) · Louis (1440–1465) · Amadeus IX (1465–1472) · Philibert I (1472–1482) · Charles I (1482–1490) · Charles II (1490–1496) · Philip II (1496–1497) · Philibert II (1497–1504) · Charles III (1504–1553) · Emmanuel Philibert (1553–1580) · Charles Emmanuel I (1580–1630) · Victor Amadeus I (1630–1637) · Francis Hyacinth (1637–1638) · Charles Emmanuel II (1638–1675) · Victor Amadeus II (1675–1730)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy — Charles Emmanuel I Engraving of Charles Emmanuel I Duke of Savoy Predecessor Emmanuel Philibert Successor … Wikipedia
Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy — Emmanuel Philibert Duke of Savoy Reign 1553 – 1580 Predecessor Charles III Successor C … Wikipedia
Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia — Charles Emmanuel III King of Sardinia Reign 3 September 1730 – 20 February 1773 Predecessor Victor Amadeus II Successor … Wikipedia
Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia — Charles Emmanuel IV Charles Emmanuel IV, oil portrait by Giovanni Panealbo King of Sardinia Reign 16 October 1796 – 4 June 1802 Predecessor Vic … Wikipedia
Charles Emmanuel, Prince of Carignano — Charles Emmanuel of Savoy Prince of Carignano Spouse Maria Christina of Saxony Detail Issue … Wikipedia
Charles Emmanuel — may refer to: Charles Emmanuel de Savoie, 3rd Duc de Nemours, (1567–1595) Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy (1562–1630) Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy (1634–1675) Charles Emmanuel III of Sardinia (1701–1773) Charles McArthur Emmanuel, U.S.… … Wikipedia
Charles I, Duke of Savoy — Coat of Arms of the Counts of Savoy Charles I (29 March 1468 Carignano, Piedmont – 13 March 1490 Pinerolo), surnamed the Warrior, was the Duke of Savoy from 1482 to 1490 and titular king of Cyprus, Jerusalem, and Armenia from 1485 to 1490.… … Wikipedia
Charles Emmanuel, Duke of Nemours — Coats of Arms of the Dukes of Savoy after Emmanuel Philibert. Charles Emmanuel de Savoie, 3rd Duc de Nemours (1567 – July 1595) was the son of Jacques of Savoy and Anne of Este, the widow of Francis, Duke of Guise. As a child he was known as the… … Wikipedia
Charles III, Duke of Savoy — Charles III of Savoy (October 10, 1486 – August 1553), often called Charles the Good, was Duke of Savoy from 1504 to 1553, although most of his lands were ruled by the French between 1536 and his death. He was the younger son of Philip (Filippo)… … Wikipedia
Charles Emmanuel I — ▪ duke of Savoy byname Charles Emmanuel The Great, Italian Carlo Emanuele Il Grande born Jan. 12, 1562, Rivoli, Savoy died July 26, 1630, Savigliano duke of Savoy who alternated alliances with France and Spain, taking advantage of the… … Universalium