Council of Ireland


Council of Ireland

The Council of Ireland (Irish: Comhairle na hÉireann) may refer to one of two councils, one established in the 1920s, the other in the 1970s.

Contents

Council of Ireland (1921-1925)

The Council of Ireland was a statutory body established under the Government of Ireland Act 1920. The Council was established as an all-Ireland law-making authority. It was to have 41 members: 13 members of the Houses of Commons of Southern Ireland and Northern Ireland respectively; 7 members of the Senates of Southern Ireland and Northern Ireland respectively; and a President chosen by the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland.

Purpose

Under Section 2 of the 1920 Act, the Council was established with the following purpose:

With a view to the eventual establishment of a Parliament for the whole of Ireland, and to bringing about harmonious action between the parliaments and governments of Southern Ireland and Northern Ireland, and to the promotion of mutual intercourse and uniformity in relation to matters affecting the whole of Ireland, and to providing for the administration of services which the two parliaments mutually agree should be administered uniformly throughout the whole of Ireland, or which by virtue of this Act are to be so administered, there shall be constituted, as soon as may be after the appointed day, a Council to be called the Council of Ireland.

Under Section 7 of the 1920 Act, the Council could make orders concerning matters which were within the remit of the respective Parliaments of Southern and Northern Ireland. The Council’s Orders required royal assent in the same way Bills of either of the Parliaments also required such assent.

Establishment

The Council was duly established on the “Appointed Day”, 3 May 1921. On 23 June 1921, the House of Commons of Northern Ireland duly elected its 13 chosen members to the Council: Sir R. N. Anderson, Rt. Hon. John M. Andrews, Mr. J. Milne Barbour, Rt. Hon. Sir R. Dawson Bates, Mr. William Coote, Rt. Hon. Sir James Craig, Bart.; Captain Herbert Dixon, Mr. William Grant, Dr. Robert. J. Johnstone, Sir Crawford McCullagh, Mr. Samuel McGuffin, Mr. Robert J. McKeown, and Major David G. Shillington. The House of Commons of Southern Ireland was a body which although established, never functioned and never elected members to the Council. In fact, the Council of Ireland never met.

Adaptation of Council under Treaty

The Anglo-Irish Treaty made provision for the continuation of the Council of Ireland after the Irish Free State was established. Under the Treaty, if Northern Ireland chose to opt out of the Irish Free State (as in fact it subsequently did), the Council was to continue but the Council’s powers could then only be applied to Northern Ireland and not to the Irish Free State. While its functions only applied to Northern Ireland, its membership continued to be 40: 20 selected by each of the Parliaments of the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland respectively and one by the King’s representative. Therefore, after the Treaty, it was no longer the all-Ireland body originally envisaged as its powers applied only to Northern Ireland. Instead, it was a body in which the Irish Free State might influence the affairs of Northern Ireland and consequently was increasingly distrusted by the Government of Northern Ireland.[1] The Council never met.

On 23 January 1922 Michael Collins, then head of the Provisional Government in Dublin, met Sir James Craig, then Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, in London, and they agreed amongst other matters that: "The two Governments [are] to endeavour to devise a more suitable system than the Council of Ireland for dealing with problems affecting all Ireland."[2]

Abolition

Under an Agreement between the United Kingdom, Northern Ireland and Irish Free State governments of 3 December 1925 amending the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the Council of Ireland was essentially abolished, as it was transferred to the care of the Northern Ireland government that did not intend to work towards a united Ireland in the foreseeable future. Under Article 5 of that Agreement it was declared that:[3][4]

“The powers in relation to Northern Ireland which by the Government of Ireland Act, 1920, are made powers of the Council of Ireland shall be and are hereby transferred to and shall become powers of the Parliament and the Government of Northern Ireland”

Council of Ireland (1973)

The Council of Ireland was established during 1973 to coordinate the governments of the UK, Northern Ireland, and Ireland for common concerns. The Sunningdale Agreement specified the details of the council, as had been worked out through negotiations between the parties of Northern Ireland and the British and Irish governments. The Council collapsed the next year with the withdrawal of the unionists.

See also

References

  1. ^ Michael J. Kennedy, Division and Consensus: The Politics of Cross-border Relations, 2000
  2. ^ Craig-Collins Agreement text
  3. ^ Prime Minister's Announcement, Hansard, HC Deb. 3 December 1925 (Vol. 188), cols. 2655–8
  4. ^ Great Britain and Irish Free State: Agreement amending and Supplementing the Treaty of December 6, 1921, between Great Britain and the Irish Free State, signed at London, December 3, 1925 registered in the League of Nations on 8 February 1926.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Council of Ireland — Die Bezeichnung Irischer Rat (Council of Ireland) bezeichnet folgende zwei verschiedene Räte in der irisch britischen Geschichte: 1920 Government of Ireland Act Der Council of Ireland, genannt im Government of Ireland Act im Jahr 1920, sollte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Council Manager (Ireland) — This article is about county and city managers in the Republic of Ireland. For city and county managers in the United States, see City manager. In local government in the Republic of Ireland, the Council Manager is the chief executive of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Olympic Council of Ireland — logo National Olympic Committee Country …   Wikipedia

  • Arts Council of Ireland — The Arts Council of Ireland, or An Chomhairle Ealaíon in Irish, was founded in 1951 by the Government of Ireland to encourage interest in Irish art and channel to funding from the state to Irish artists and arts organisations. This includes… …   Wikipedia

  • Privy Council of Ireland — The Privy Council of Ireland was an institution of the Kingdom of Ireland until 31 December 1800 and of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. It performed a similar role in the government of Ireland to that the Privy Council… …   Wikipedia

  • National Youth Council of Ireland — The National Youth Council of Ireland also known as the NYCI is a representative body for Irish youth organisations, a role that is recognised in the 2001 Youth Work Act. Currently there are 43 national youth organisations who are full member of… …   Wikipedia

  • Veterinary Council of Ireland — The Veterinary Council of Ireland (Comhairle na d’Treidlia) is a Statutory Body, the principal function which is to regulate and manage the practice of veterinary medicine and veterinary nursing in Ireland in the public interest.The current… …   Wikipedia

  • Council of State (Ireland) — Ireland This article is part of the series: Politics and government of the Republic of Ireland …   Wikipedia

  • IRELAND — IRELAND, island W. of Britain comprising the Republic of Ireland (Eire, 26 counties) and Northern Ireland or Ulster (part of the United Kingdom, six counties). The Annals of Inisfallen record that in 1079 five Jews (apparently a delegation to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ireland at the Olympics — Ireland has been represented as an independent state at the Summer Olympic Games since 1924 in Paris. From 1900 to 1920, Irish athletes competed as part of the Great Britain team as part of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. An attempt… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.