RAF Barkston Heath


RAF Barkston Heath

Infobox Airport
name = RAF Barkston Heath
nativename =
nativename-a =
nativename-r =



image-width =
caption =
IATA =
ICAO = EGYE
type = Military
owner =
operator = Royal Air Force
city-served =
location = Grantham
elevation-f = 367
elevation-m = 112
coordinates = Coord|52|57|44|N|000|33|42|W|type:airport
website =
metric-elev =
metric-rwy =
r1-number = 06/24
r1-length-f = 6,007
r1-length-m = 1,831
r1-surface = Asphalt
r2-number = 11/29
r2-length-f = 4,206
r2-length-m = 1,282
r2-surface = Asphalt
r3-number = 18/36
r3-length-f = 2,657
r3-length-m = 810
r3-surface = Asphalt
stat-year =
stat1-header =
stat1-data =
stat2-header =
stat2-data =
footnotes =

RAF Barkston Heath Airport codes|N/A|EGYE is a Royal Air Force station near Grantham, Lincolnshire.

The primary function of RAF Barkston Heath is as a Relief Landing Ground for the flying training activities at RAF Cranwell. It is a regular home to only one unit, the Joint Elementary Flying Training School which operates 18 Mk II Firefly two seat trainers. The Defence Elementary Flying Training School, provides elementary flying training for Royal Navy and Army Air Corps students. The DEFTS flies Slingsby T-67 Firefly trainers. The distinctive black and yellow aeroplanes are a common sight above the skies of Lincolnshire.

History

In the late 1930s, an uncultivated tract of land 2 miles east of Barkston village, was prepared as a relief landing ground for aircraft operating from nearby RAF Cranwell. With the outbreak of war in 1939, these facilities were gradually developed into Barkston Heath airfield, although the facility remained basically a satellite landing ground for use by training aircraft.

Overview

The airfield landing area strips were 3.900ft east to west and 3,000ft north to south, all grass, but free-drained. Four Blister hangars and a few other buildings were erected for basic support during the early years of hostilities. Then in 1941. the site was surveyed for an airfield built to Class A standard and all flying was discontinued in the summer of 1943 so that construction of concrete runways could commence. Runways were a main of 6.000 ft at 07-25, and two secondaries of 4,200ft at 11-29 and 4,200ft at 01-19. Three pans and 48 loop aircraft hardstands were built round the concrete perimeter. Hangars were a Blister type and a T-2, both beside the perimeter track. The work was sufficiently well advanced by January 1944 for the airfield to become available for flying again.

USAAF Use

By this time, in common with a number of other airfields in the Grantham area that had been planned for the RAF's No. 7 Group. Barkston was made available to the United States Army Air Forces Ninth Air Force. It was earmarked for basing troop carrier units scheduled to be transferred from Sicily to participate in the forthcoming cross-Channel invasion, Operation "Overlord".

During its time as a USAAF airfield, Barkston Heath was designated as USAAF station 483.


= 61st Troop Carrier Group =

The first US personnel arrived on 13 February from Sciacca, Sicily, and most of their Douglas C-47 Skytrains on the 17th and 18th, although not all aircraft were in place until a month later. These new occupants were the 61st Troop Carrier Group with its components being:

* 14th Troop Carrier Squadron (3I)
* 15th Troop Carrier Squadron (Y9)
* 53d Troop Carrier Squadron (3A)
* 59th Troop Carrier Squadron (X5)

The 61st TCG was part of the 52nd Troop Carrier Wing, IX Troop Carrier Command. During the following week the aircraft complement was built up to 64 C-47s and similar numbers of Airspeed Horsa and Waco CG-4A gliders. A busy training schedule followed with paratroops of the 82d Airborne Division 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment who were encamped in the locality.

With the Ninth Air Force requirement for glider erection at Barkston Heath, four addilinnal T-2 hangars were built during the early spring of 1944. However, owing to the rolling topography, the only suitable area available was un the far side of the B6403, this being part of the old Roman Ermine Street which ran along the eastern boundary of the airfield. Unusually, the four additional T-2s were not dispersed but erected in a row and linked by two access roads across the main road.

Operation Overlord

For operations during 6/7 June the group was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation for dropping paratroops of 82nd Airborne Division and supplies near Cherbourg. Involved in the first drops were two serials of 36 C-47s and C-53s, each serial having taken off in a remarkable 2½ minutes.

Operation Market-Garden

On 17 Septemher two serials of the 61st TCG left Barkston Heath with men of the British 1st Airborne Division for Arnhem. The first serial of 36 C-47s dropped 559 paratroops and the second of 35 C-47s carried 609 men. all aircraft returning safely. Next day, 81 C-47s hauled 80 CG-4As to Groesbeek. On D plus 2, 35 C-47s of the 61st, flying from RAF Aldermaston, dropped re-supply in the Nijmegen area. losing another two. On the 23rd. The 61st towed 43 gliders to Overasselt, near Grave, one C-47 being shot down.

The headquarters of the 61st Troop Carrier Group moved to an Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) at Abbeville (ALG B-92), in France, on 13 March 1945, but its squadrons went to RAF Chipping Ongar from where they participated in Operation "Varsity" on 24 March carrying British paratroops who dropped near Wesel.

Legacy

From its base in France, the 61st TCG provided transport services in the European theater, hauling gasoline, ammunition, food, medicine, and other supplies, and evacuating wounded personnel. The group moved to Trinidad in May 1945 and was assigned to the Air Transport Command. Used C-47's to transport troops returning to the US. Inactivated in Trinidad on 31 July 1945.


= 349th Troop Carrier Group =

An increased demand for theatre air transport brought the 349th TCG from Baer Field Indiana in late March 1945 with its Curtiss C-46 Commando transports. Group headquarters was established at Barkston on 30 March, but the group only remained three weeks, moving to Rove/Amy, France, on 18 April.

The squadrons of the 349th TCG were coded as follows: the 23rd -08, 312th -9E, 313th -3F, and 314th -LY. It was assigned to the 52nd Troop Carrier Wing.

In May, a detachment of C-46s from this group returned to airlift British 1st Airborne Division troops to Norway.

Postwar RAF Use

The station was returned to the RAF in June 1945 and was turned over to No. 256 Maintenance Unit handling war surplus storage. In September that year, part of the camp was used for primary training by No. 2 RAF Regiment (Sub) Depot but this activity did not endure beyond the following summer. No. 256 MU continued to use the hangars until late in 1948 when the station was put on a care and maintenance status.

The RAF College at Cranwell recommenced using the airfield as a satellite in May that year. basing a number of aircraft there, the station continuing in this capacity until July 1966 when manning was reduced and confined to refuelling and air traffic services.

Today, Barkston Heath remains a beautifully unspoiled Second World War airfield. It remains an active base, serving RAF Cranwell in a training role, Harvards giving way to Provosts. then to Jet Provosts, Tucanos and Slingsby Fireflies. These are operated by Babcocks, on behalf of the Defence Elementary Flight Traing School. Because the aircraft used are trainers, the runways have not needed to be lengthened, preserving the layout the station had during the war. Many of the wartime loop dispersals still survive, along with the T-2 hangars.

In 1983, a detachment of No. 25 Squadron with Bloodhound surface-to-air missiles was based there. From 2002 to 2004 the Battle of Britain Memorial Flight was temporarily based at Barkston whilst their home facilities were resurfaced.

The airfield was also used during the 1980s by a number of privately operated aircraft of various types, and for several years it has also been the venue for the British National Model Aircraft Championships.

ee also

* List of RAF stations
* USAAF Ninth Air Force - World War II
* 82d Airborne Division
* British 1st Airborne Division
* 61st Air Base Wing
* 349th Air Mobility Wing

References

*Bruce Barrymore Halpenny "Action Stations: Wartime Military Airfields of Lincolnshire and the East Midlands v. 2" (ISBN 978-0850594843)
* Freeman, Roger A. (1994) UK Airfields of the Ninth: Then and Now 1994. After the Battle ISBN 0900913800
* Freeman, Roger A. (1996) The Ninth Air Force in Colour: UK and the Continent-World War Two. After the Battle ISBN 1854092723
* Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
* [http://www.armyairforces.com/dbgroups.asp?Group=83 ArmyAirForces.com 61st Troop Carrier Group.]

External links

*WAD|EGYE
* [http://www.multimap.com/map/photo.cgi?client=public&X=497000&Y=341500&width=700&height=400&gride=497000.999996075&gridn=341500.913769916&srec=0&coordsys=gb&db=grid&pc=&zm=0&scale=10000&out.x=3&out.y=4 Aerial Photo of RAF Barkston Heath from Multimap.Com]
* [http://www.airfields.fotopic.net/ Airfields & Aviation Memorials]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barkston — is a small village lying on the A607 three miles north of Grantham in Lincolnshire, England, just south of the junction with the A153 (for Ancaster). The present route of the A607 through the village dates from the 1930s. The River Witham passes… …   Wikipedia

  • RAF Syerston — Infobox Airport name = RAF Syerston nativename = nativename a = nativename r = image width = caption = IATA = ICAO = EGXY type = Military owner = operator = Royal Air Force city served = location = Newark on Trent elevation f = 228 elevation m =… …   Wikipedia

  • RAF Saltby — Infobox Military Structure name= Royal Air Force Station Saltby USAAF Station 538 location= Located Near Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, United Kingdom coordinates=coord|52|49|45|N|000|42|37|W| caption= Saltby Airfield 18 April 1944 type=… …   Wikipedia

  • List of RAF stations — This List of RAF stations is a comprehensive list of all stations, airbases, airfields and administrative headquarters of the Royal Air Force past and present.:Note Current RAF Stations will be listed under the currently recognised county of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Bases aériennes de la RAF — Ceci est une liste de toutes les bases aériennes de la Royal Air Force actuellement en activité. Sommaire 1 Bases de la RAF et du Ministère de la Défense 1.1 Bases RAF à l’étranger 2 Voir aussi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • No. 25 Squadron RAF — No. XXV Squadron RAF Active 25 September 1915 31 January 1920 1 February 1920 23 June 1958 1 July 1958 30 November 1962 1 October 1963 1 October 1989 1 October 1989 4 April 20 …   Wikipedia

  • No. XXV Squadron RAF — Infobox Military Unit unit name=No. XXV Squadron RAF role=Air defence equipment=Panavia Tornado F3. garrison=RAF Leeming motto= Feriens tego (Striking I defend) identification symbol=A hawk rising on a gauntlet dates=25 September 1915 battle… …   Wikipedia

  • IX Troop Carrier Command — Infobox Military Unit unit name= IX Troop Carrier Command caption= dates= 16 October 1943 31 March 1946 country= United States allegiance= branch= United States Army Air Forces type= Troop Carrier role= parachute and glider air assault size= 14… …   Wikipedia

  • No. 674 Squadron AAC — Active 11 July 2003 present Country United Kingdom Br …   Wikipedia

  • Mission Boston — v · …   Wikipedia