Calf of Man


Calf of Man

Calf of Man ( _gv. yn Cholloo) is a small island, almost one square mile (2.6 km²) in area, off the southwest coast of the Isle of Man. It is separated from the Isle of Man by a narrow stretch of water called the Calf Sound. It has two seasonal inhabitants. The word 'calf' derives from the Old Norse word "kalfr" which means a small island lying near a larger one.

Until 1939 the island was under private ownership by the Keig family, but in that year the island was donated to the National Trust to become a bird sanctuary. In 1951 the Manx National Trust was established, which became Manx National Heritage. The Calf was transferred to the Manx body in 1986. The island has been a bird observatory since 1962 and welcomes visits from volunteers and ornithologists. The observatory is able to accommodate up to eight visitors in basic self-catering accommodation which can be booked through Manx National Heritage.

The Calf of Man currently boasts the world's highest density of lighthouses: two lighthouses were built in 1818 by Robert Stevenson to warn mariners of the hazards of the Chicken Rocks off the south end of the Calf. These were replaced in 1875 by a lighthouse built on the Chicken Rocks themselves. In 1968, a third lighthouse was built on the Calf after a severe fire destroyed the Chicken Rocks light. The Chicken Rocks light was later rebuilt. [Coakley, F. (2001) [http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/maritime/lighthse/lh_calf.htm Calf of Man Lights] and [http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/maritime/lighthse/lh_crock.htm Chicken Rock Light] , both in: "A Manx Notebook: An electronic compendium of matters past and present connected with the Isle of Man", www pages [accessed 14 may 2007] ]

In 2006 Manx National Heritage employed the charity Manx Wildlife Trust as the Calf Warden Service Provider. Ownership remains with MNH.

Between the Isle of Man and the Calf is the islet of Kitterland, while the islets of _gv. Yn Burroo and The Stack lie close to the Calf's shore. Almost a mile southwest of the Calf is Chicken Rock, the most southerly part of the Isle of Man's territory.

Calf of Man is home to a breeding population of Manx Shearwaters, a seabird which derives its name from its presence in Manx waters.

References

External links

* [http://www.isleofman.com/Community/ePedia/Geography/Islands/CalfOfMan.aspx Information about the Calf of Man]
* [http://www.gov.im/mnh/heritage/countryside/sound/observatory.xml Calf of Man Bird Observatory]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calf Of Man — Yn Cholloo (gv) Carte de l île de Man avec Calf of Man au sud ouest …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calf of Man — Yn Cholloo (gv) Vue de Calf of Man depuis l île de Man …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calf of man — Yn Cholloo (gv) Carte de l île de Man avec Calf of Man au sud ouest …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calf of Man — (yn Cholloo) Calf of Man von Isle of Man aus gesehen Gewässer Irische See …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Calf of Man — Calf of Man, kleine Insel im Irländischen Meere, südwestlich von der Insel Man, zur englischen Grafschaft Westmoreland gehörig; 2 drehende Leuchtfeuer …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Calf Of Man High Light — Le phare de Calf of Man High Light vu d en contre bas. Position …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calf Of Man Low Light — Le phare de Calf of Man Low Light et le phare de Chicken Rock au second plan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calf of man high light — Le phare de Calf of Man High Light vu d en contre bas. Position …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calf of man low light — Le phare de Calf of Man Low Light et le phare de Chicken Rock au second plan …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calf of Man High Light — Le phare de Calf of Man High Light vu d en contre bas. Coordonnées …   Wikipédia en Français


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