- Turoe stone
The Turoe stone is a
granitestone decorated in a Celtic style located in the village of Bullaun, County Galway, Ireland, 6km north of Loughrea.cite book | last=Weir, A| year=1980 |title=Early Ireland. A Field Guide | publisher=Blackstaff Press | location=Belfast | pages=p151] The stone is now positioned on the lawn in front of Turoe House, set in a concrete base and metal cattle grill.cite web | title=Turoe Stone, County Galway| work=Mythical Ireland | url=http://www.mythicalireland.com/ancientsites/turoe/index.html | accessdate=2008-06-14]
The top half of the stone is covered with a continuous abstract La Tène style design similar to that on the
Castlestrange stonein County Roscommon. Concentric spirals are carved in low relief to the depth of about 3cm. Some claim that the carvings on the stone, were they spread out on a flat surface, would equate to a primitive globe map.Fact|date=March 2008 Alternatively it is seen as a phallus, the band below the glans representing the rolled foreskin, and the spirals possibly semen.cite web | title=Turoe, County Galway: phallic stone | work=Irish Megaliths | url=http://www.irishmegaliths.org.uk/zTuroe.htm | accessdate=2008-06-14] The stone is 3ft tall and somewhat phallic in shape.
It was for centuries a curiosity at a "lios", or fairy fort, some 3km from Bullaun, but was moved to the present location at Turoe Farm, in the late 19th century. It was probably saved from vandalism or worse, but the historic provenance has been destroyed. Many historians believe that the stone was carved in France, brought to Ireland in Celtic times and ultimately, like some family heirloom, moved further west, far from the prying eyes of the invaders.Fact|date=March 2008 The religious or ceremonial purposes of the stone are lost in time.
George Coffey, in his 1904 paper for the
Royal Irish Academyon the subject of La Tène art, said that the stone had been moved in the 1850s from the rath of Feerwore site.
In 2007, a proposal to remove the Turoe Stone from its location near Loughrea due to concerns that the stone is becoming increasingly vulnerable to the elements, met fierce local opposition. [cite web | title=Loughrea opposes Turoe Stone move | work=Galway Independent (17 October 2007) | url=http://www.galwayindependent.com/local-news/local-news/loughrea-opposes-turoe-stone-move/ | accessdate=2008-06-14]
Castlestrange stonenear Athleague, County Roscommon.
* [http://www.megalithicireland.com/Turoe%20Stone.htm Megalith Ireland - Photographs and sketch of design on Turoe Stone]
* [http://www.ancientireland.org/turoe/index.htm Ancient Ireland - Photographs of the Turoe Stone]
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