Suzuki Carry


Suzuki Carry
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Japanese Wikipedia.
Suzuki Carry

Suzuki Carry eleventh generation

Suzuki Every fifth generation
Manufacturer Suzuki
Also called Bedford Rascal
Maruti Omni
Maruti Versa
Mazda Scrum
Ford Pronto
Suzuki Bravo
Production 1961–present
Assembly Iwata, Shizuoka, Japan
Taiwan (Ford Lio Ho)[1]
Bagong Ilog, Pasig City, Philippines
Engine Suzuki F6A 3-cylinder SOHC
Suzuki F6A 3-cylinder turbo SOHC
Suzuki K6A 3-cylinder SOHC
Transmission 3-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase 1,905 mm (75 in)
Length 3,395 mm (134 in)
Width 1,475 mm (58 in)
Height 1,800 mm (71 in)
Curb weight 780 kg (1,720 lb)

The Suzuki Carry is a kei truck produced by the Japanese automaker Suzuki. The microvan version was originally called the Carry van until 1982 when the van was renamed as the (Japanese: Suzuki Every). In Japan, the Carry and Every are Kei cars but Suzuki Every Landy, the bigger exported version of Every had a longer hood for safety purposes and a larger 1.3-liter 82 hp (61 kW) 4-cylinder engine. They have been sold under a myriad different names in several countries, and hold the distinction of probably being the only car ever offered both with Chevrolet and Ford badges.[2]

Contents

Introduction

In their home market, the Carry truck and Every van compete with a number of trucks of the same size, such as the Honda Acty, the Subaru Sambar truck and van, the Mitsubishi Minicab, and the Daihatsu Atrai.

The first two generations of Carrys were sold with the Suzulight badge rather than Suzuki, emphasizing the company's focus on "Light Cars", better known as Kei jidosha.

Suzulight FB/FBD

1964–1965 Suzulight Carry Van FBD

The Carry series was born in October 1961 with the FB Suzulight Carry, a pickup truck with the engine underneath the front seat but with a short bonnet. The layout has been referred to as a "semi-cabover".[3] A glassed FBD Carry Van was added in September 1964. The engine too was called the "FB", a 359 cc (21.9 cu in) air-cooled, two-stroke two-cylinder with 21 hp (16 kW). This engine was to remain in use, in three-cylinder form, until late 1987 in the Suzuki Jimny (as the LJ50). Top speed was no more than 76 km/h (47 mph). FB suspension was rigid with leaf springs, front and rear.[2] A panel van (FBC) was also available from July 1962.

Second generation (L20)

1965–1969 Suzulight Carry L20

In June 1965 the rebodied L20 Suzulight Carry replaced the FB. The ladder-frame chassis was modified, now with independently sprung front wheels (by torsion bars). While output remained 21 hp, the engine benefitted from Suzuki's patented CCI (Cylinder Crank Injection) lubrication system. The Carry Van was replaced by the new L20V in January 1966,[4] and there was also a dropside pickup (L21). Finally, there was the L20H, a pickup with a canvas canopy and a rear-facing seat placed in the bed, providing seating for four. Top speed for the second generation was down to 75 km/h.[5] The Carry Van had a horizontally divided two-piece tailgate, and sliding rear windows.

Production of this more traditional version continued in parallel with the cab-over L30 Carry, ending only with the 1969 introduction of the L40.

Third generation (L30)

1966–1969 Suzuki Carry L30

The new L30 Suzuki Carry (the "Suzulight" label was being retired) was a full cab-over design, with the same FB engine mounted horizontally underneath the load area. The starter and generator were combined and mounted directly on the front of the crankshaft. Introduced in February 1966, the L30 was built alongside its more traditional predecessor until they were both replaced by the L40. A canopied L30H, similar to the L20H but with the seats in the bed facing each other, was available right from the start. There was also an L31, with a dropside bed. Performance and mechanics were very similar to its bonneted sister, but the load area was considerably larger. Maximum load capacity was still 350 kg (770 lb).[6]

A Carry Van version of the L30 (L30V) wasn't introduced until March 1968, but offered four doors and a two-piece tailgate (top and bottom). Bodywork was the same ahead of the B-pillar.[7]

Fourth generation (L40)

1969–1972 Suzuki Carry Van L40

In July 1969 the Giugiaro designed L40 Carry was introduced. In November of the same year, a van version with two opening side doors and a top-hinged rear gate was added. Giugiaro's design was more obvious in the Carry Van iteration, very symmetrical with similar looks to the front and rear. The L40's design was not overly utilitarian, limiting interior space and being a bit too modern for the usually very orthodox Japanese commercial customer base. On the other hand, the L40 did benefit from an updated, 25 hp (19 kW) FB engine.[8] Dimensions, dictated by kei jidosha regulations, remained 2,990 × 1,295 mm (117.7 × 51.0 in) and 359 cc (21.9 cu in). Max load was down to 300 kg (660 lb), while top speed increased considerably to 95 kilometres per hour (59 mph).[6]

As part of a minor facelift in April 1971, the Carry received a 27 hp (still at 6,000 rpm) version of the well known FB engine. A V40FC Camper version of the Van was also added.

Fifth generation (L50/60)

1975-76 Suzuki Carry L50 (facelift)

The fifth generation L50 Carry debuted in May 1972, followed by a new Carry Van in August. The new model echoes Giugiaro's design, but without ventilation windows in the front doors and with a more traditional appearance. Headlights are now round, while the van version receives a more square rear body and with a sliding rear side door. The engine is a water-cooled design (L50), otherwise similar to the previous engine but now with 28 hp (21 kW). Max load was back up to 350 kg (770 lb).[6]

1972–1973 Suzuki Carry Van Super DeLuxe L50V
SuzukiCarry5thvan.jpgSuzukiCarry5thvanrear.jpg

In December 1972, a five-door van (L50VF, with sliding side doors) was added. Three months later, the dropside L51 went on sale. In November 1973 the Carry underwent a minor facelift, receiving a new grille and modified front bumper. The fifth generation Carry led Suzuki to great market success, with Suzuki selling more kei trucks than all others during 1973 and 1974.[9] In September 1975 a special export version was introduced, aimed at customers who wanted more loading ability. The new L60 series received a larger, 446 cc (also "L60") version of the L50 two-cylinder. 29 hp (as opposed to 26 for export market 360 cc models), a stronger differential "to transmit the generous torque"[10] and sturdier springs meant load capacity increased to 550 kg (1,200 lb). For 1975, the Carry received minor changes allowing for the fitment of new larger license plates. In December 1975, the domestic market L50s' engine lost two horsepower (down to 26) in the effort of fulfilling new, stricter emissions standards.[11]

Sixth generation (ST10/20)

In May 1976, responding to changed standards for the Kei class, Suzuki released the Carry 55, chassis code ST10. It had the larger, water-cooled but still two-stroke three-cylinder LJ50 engine of 539 cc but was otherwise hard to tell apart from the preceding L50 series.

Soon thereafter, in September 1976, the interim ST10 was replaced by the widened and lengthened ST20 pickup version. Marketed as the Suzuki Carry Wide 550, it now reached the maximum dimensions set for the Kei class. In November, the ST20 Van took its bow - this version was 4 cm (1.6 in) shorter than the truck, so as not to necessitate the development of entirely new rear bodywork. A little later yet, the ST20K was released. The "K" referred to the "trucklike" nature of the vehicle in that it had 3 drop sides as opposed to the utility version which had only a tailgate and formed sides. The ST20 range retained the three-cylinder 539 cc two-stroke engine of the ST10 and has a carrying capacity of 350 kg (772 lb). By 1977, the export only ST80 appeared - this version was the first Carry to be equipped with a four-stroke engine, the inline-four 797 cc F8A as recently introduced in the LJ80 Jimny.

Seventh generation (ST30/40/90)

1981 ST90 Van

In March 1979, the new ST30 series arrived. The dimensions remained the same as before, as did the engine, although its was moved forward and now resided underneath the front seat. For export markets, the ST90 version was equipped with the larger four-stroke F8A engine of 797 cc. In the fall of 1980, the domestic market Carry became available with the new 543 cc four-stroke F5A engine (ST40), although the torquey two-stroke engine remained popular. By 1982, the Van part of the Carry range became separated in the Japanese domestic market and was now sold as the Suzuki Every. New for 1981 was a four-wheel drive version, originally only available as a pickup. This received the ST31/41 chassis code.

Eighth generation (1985–1991)

Post-1985 European market Suzuki carries still used the 797 cc four cylinder F8A familiar from the ST90 Carry, while Super Carrys were equipped with the F10A 970 cc four. Power outputs were 37 and 45 PS respectively (27.5 and 33 kW), top speeds were 110 and 115 km/h. Heftier bumpers meant overall length was up 10 cm, for a total of 3,295 mm.[12]

Specifications (Suzuki Every Landy)

Suzuki Every Plus (early name of Every Landy)
  • Length: 3,710 mm (146.1 in)
  • Width: 1,505 mm (59.3 in)
  • Height: 1,900 mm (74.8 in)
  • Wheelbase: 2,350 mm (92.5 in)
  • Weight:
    • 2WD: 1,010–1,040 kg (2,200–2,300 lb)
    • 4WD: 1,050–1,080 kg (2,300–2,400 lb)
  • Engine: G13B 4-cylinder SOHC 16-valve, EPI
  • Displacement: 1,298 cc
  • Maximum output: 82 PS (60 kW) at 6,000 rpm

Chassis prefixes for Japanese domestic market Suzuki Carry trucks

1988 Chassis prefix was DB41T/B engine F5A 550 cc 6 valve or F5B 550 cc 12-valve dohc carburetor

1988-89 chassis prefix was DB71T/B (where the truck is a tip deck "B" is used in prefix not "T"), F5A or F5B 3 cylinder 12 valve carburetor engines.

1990-91 Chassis prefix was DB51T/B engine 660 cc F6A carburetor

1992-99 chassis prefix was DD51T/B (or SK306T though this is thought to be export only) all F6A

1999-02 chassis prefix was DB52T/B/V (where "v" is van) engine new gen F6A (fuel injector all alloy)

2003-08 chassis prefix was DA63T/B engine change to K6A (fuel injected and timing chain) 660 cc 3 cylinder

These prefixes are the same whether the vehicle is labeled Mazda Scrum or Suzuki Carry

Export versions

Interestingly, early Suzuki Carrys are popularly called "Half Loafs" in South Africa, referring to "half a loaf of bread" (still a staple of many South Africans). In Cape Town and Durban, many of these little vans are seen painted in bright yellow with green artwork and a chopped-off open rear end. These are part of large fleets of privately owned public transport vehicles which fit between normal taxis and city buses. Customers literally hop on the back, and pass the driver a Rand or two, and simply jump off at their destination.

Alternative badges

The Suzuki carry has been marketed under several different badges around the world: Bedford Rascal (UK), Daewoo Damas (Worldwide), Chevrolet Super Carry (Colombia and Venezuela), Chevrolet CMV/CMP (Central America), Holden Scurry (Australia), Maruti Omni, Maruti Versa, Ford Pronto, Mazda Scrum, and Mitsubishi Colt T120SS.

Bedford Rascal

Bedford Rascal
Bedford Rascal.jpg
Bedford Rascal pick-up
Manufacturer Bedford Vehicles
Vauxhall Motors
Also called Vauxhall Rascal
Suzuki Super Carry
Holden Scurry
Chevrolet Super Carry
GME Rascal
Ford Pronto
Production 1986–1993 (until 1999 in Japan)
Assembly Luton, United Kingdom
Body style Van, pickup, campervan
Layout FMR layout

The Bedford Rascal (later Vauxhall Rascal), also built as the Suzuki Supercarry is a microvan that was developed as a joint venture between General Motors (GM) and Suzuki.[13] It was sold under GM's British-based Bedford marque as well as in Suzuki form. Other names were used in a few international markets.

The van was produced at the IBC Vehicles plant in Luton, England, adjacent to the main Vauxhall factory (GM's British-based passenger car marque). Alongside the Bedford, the Suzuki-branded twin was manufactured for the European market (where Bedford is a less established brand).

Sold from 1986 to 1994, the Rascal / Supercarry was a small and economical van, intended for many purposes. The vehicle's strengths were its diminutive size and maximum payload weight; 550 kg for the van and 575 kg for the pick-up.[13]

Rear view of Rascal pick-up

The principal visible difference between Bedford and Suzuki versions is the front trim: Supercarry has two separate plastic headlamp surrounds and the Rascal has a single full width one with "Bedford" moulded in the middle.

Timeline:

  • 1986: launched
  • 1990: rebadged as the Vauxhall Rascal, as the Bedford marque was being retired
  • 1993: production moved to Japan, where it was made until 1999

Mostly sold as vans, pick-up and camper versions were also made.

Daewoo Damas

Daewoo Damas & Daewoo Labo
Daewoo Damas Deluxe
Manufacturer GM Korea
Production 1991–present
Assembly Bupyong, South Korea
Asaka, Uzbekistan (UzDaewoo)
Craiova, Romania (Rodae)
Body style 5-door van
2-door pickup
Layout FMR layout

The Daewoo Damas is a rebadged version of the Suzuki Carry produced by South Korean automaker Daewoo since 1991.[14] It is currently in its second generation and is available in van and pickup body styles, the latter of which is marketed as the Daewoo Labo.[15]

In some export markets, the Daewoo Damas was known as the Daewoo Attivo and since GM's takeover of Daewoo it has been known in some markets, such as Central America, as Chevrolet CMV for the passenger van (Damas) and Chevrolet CMP for the pickup truck (Labo).

The Damas and Labo both come with the four-cylinder SOHC 797 cc F8A engine rather than the smaller 660 cc units originally used in Japan, to provide more power and comfort. The engine was originally made for petrol but is recently only available in South Korea as an LPG-powered unit.[14]

The Damas microvan is available as a 7-seat coach, 5-seat coach, or 2-seat cargo van styles and comes with various options based on DLX (deluxe) and SUPER models. The Labo is also available in STD (standard), DLX (deluxe) and SUPER models. Two main choices of the Labo body type are the cube van and the drop-side pickup truck. The pickup has an optional electric tailgate lift.

The Damas is the predominant form of public transport in Uzbekistan – so much so that other busses, such as Mercedes microbuses, are called「Big Damas」. In Damas Marshrutkas, generally far more than 7 passengers are crammed.

Both the Damas and Labos are only available with a manual transmission. Air conditioning is optional. But the 0.8-litre engine hasn't got sufficient power to both carry cargo swiftly and deliver cold air from the aircon unit at the same time without struggling. The engine struggles and shakes (potentially leading to a stall) if you try both. However, for its purpose, the car is excellent, reliable, durable and nippy around town and outskirts, as long as speeds over 100 km/h (62 mph) are not required - beyond which the car becomes uncomfortable.

Suzuki Bolan

For the Pakistani market, the Bolan, based on the ST90V version of the Carry (also known as Hi-Roof) with the three-cylinder F8B 796 cc carburetor engine with output of 37 hp (28 kW).The 4-speed manual transmission allows for a top speed of 120 km/h (75 mph). As of today it is available in two different versions VX and VXR, the better equipped VXR has got factory fitted air conditioning. The Bolan is widely used as an ambulance all over Pakistan. There is also a pickup version, called the Ravi.

Maruti Omni

Maruti Omni
2007 Maruti Omni LPG
Manufacturer Maruti Suzuki
Also called Maruti Van
Production 1984–present
Successor Maruti Versa
Class Van
Body style Microvan
Layout FMR layout
Engine 796 cc 3-cylinder 4-stroke water cooled
Transmission 4-speed manual
Wheelbase 1,840 mm (72.4 in)
Length 3,370 mm (132.7 in)
Width 1,410 mm (55.5 in)
Height 1,640 mm (64.6 in)
Kerb weight 785 kg (1,731 lb)
Related Maruti Versa
Maruti WagonR

The Maruti Omni is a microvan manufactured by Indian automaker Maruti Suzuki. The first version of Maruti Omni had 796 cc engine, same as the Maruti 800 city car.

This was the second vehicle to be launched by Maruti, one year after the 800, in 1984. Later version of the Omni includes the:

  • Omni (E), released in 1996, 796 cc engine, 8 seater capacity vehicle
  • Omni XL - 1999, same engine, modified with a higher roof.
  • Omni Cargo LPG - 2004, created to answer the growing popularity of this car being used as an inter-city cargo vehicle.[16]
  • Omni LPG - 2003, same 796 cc engine, added with a factory fitted LPG Kit, authorised by the Indian RTOs (Regional Transport Offices). This makes it the most economic 4 wheeler in India, as far as the driving costs are concerned.
  • Omni Ambulance - A Modified E version into an ambulance vehicle. This is the most common type of ambulances found in Indian cities.

The Omni could be divided into two categories: the family version and the cargo version. The newer family version has two extra seats directly behind the front seating and facing away towards the rear of the van making it an eight seater. (Older versions was modified by individual owners to add additional capacity this way). The cargo version is completely devoid of back seats. Both versions have sliding back doors and hatchbacks.[17] The Omni is also unique in a way that it uses a front mid engine rear wheel drive layout, as it helps in maximizing cabin and cargo space and providing maximum traction.

The Omni (E) has the following official specifications:[18]

Name Vehicle Specifications
Max. Speed: 110 km/h (68 mph)
Initial acceleration: 0-60 km/h (37 mph) in 10 seconds
Fuel: Petrol
Fuel consumption in city: 13–14 km/L (7.7–7.1 L/100 km)
Fuel consumption on highways: 16–17 km/L (6.3–5.9 L/100 km)
Power: 37 bhp (28 kW) @ 5000 rpm
Construction: Cast iron
Displacement: 796 cc
Ignition: Multipoint fuel injection
Layout: 3 cylinder in-line
Max. Torque: 62 N·m (46 ft·lbf) @ 3000 rpm
Valve train: 2 valves per cylinder
Transmission: Manual- 4 speed
Front Suspension: McPherson strut with gas filled shock absorbers
Rear Suspension: Leaf spring with shock absorbers
Front Brakes: Booster Assisted Disc
Rear Brakes: Drum
Tyres: 145 R-12 LT 6PR (Radial)

The initial versions were so basic that the interior dashboard even lacked a fan blower opening as a standard.

Maruti Versa

Maruti Versa
Manufacturer Maruti Suzuki
Production 2001–2010
Predecessor Maruti Omni
Successor Maruti Eeco
Class Microvan
Engine 1298 cc petrol inline-4 cylinder
Transmission 5 speed manual
Wheelbase 2,350 mm (92.5 in)
Length 3,675 mm (144.7 in)
Width 1,475 mm (58.1 in)
Height 1,905 mm (75.0 in)
Kerb weight 930 kg (2,050 lb)
Related Maruti WagonR
Maruti Omni

The Maruti Versa is a microvan produced by Maruti Suzuki and sold in India since October 2001. It is the second van released by Maruti Suzuki since the Maruti Omni was released in 1984. About seventy percent of the vehicle components are made within India.[19] The Versa was discontinued in 2010.[20]

Design and trim options: The Versa is a clone of the now discontinued Suzuki Every Landy. There are two basic versions of this car in production; the two 8-seater DX/DX2 versions and the 5-seater STD version. The DX2 version of the Versa is equipped with twin air conditioners for front and rear.

Specifications: The Versa has a 16-valve, 1.3-liter 4-cylinder engine generating 82 hp (61 kW) at 6000 rpm. It is controlled by a 16-bit engine management system.

Driving impressions: A curb weight of 985 kg (2,172 lb) gives it a high power / weight ratio. The Versa can reach from 0–60 mph in 13.5 seconds.[21] The initial target audience for this vehicle were customer who planned to buy a sedan like the Maruti Esteem or a utility vehicle like Tata Sumo. The 82 bhp (61 kW) engine is located under the front seat.[21]

Ford Pronto

The Ford Pronto is a rebadged Suzuki Carry, which was manufactured between 1985 and 2007[22] by Ford Lio Ho, a joint venture between Ford and Lio Ho in Taiwan. The Pronto was only available in the Taiwanese market, where it was introduced specifically to compete with China Motor Corporation's Mitsubishi Minicab and Sanfu's Subaru Sambar in the local minivan market. In 2007 Ford Lio Ho ceased to produce the Pronto because the engine couldn't be made to meet revised local environmental regulations.

Mitsubishi Colt T120SS standard deck

Mitsubishi Colt T120SS

For the Indonesian market, a rebodied, widened and lengthened ninth generation Carry is offered as the Colt T120SS. The name is a continuation of the first generation Mitsubishi Delica, which was marketed as the "Colt T120" in many countries including Indonesia. When production began in 1991 it replaced the Minicab-based "Jetstar". The T120SS is based on the locally developed Suzuki Carry Futura (later just Futura), with which it shares everything aside from the engines.[2] The wheelbase is 1,970 mm, while overall length is 3,720 mm (3,940 mm for the "3-way wide deck" version).[23]

The Colt T120SS is available as either a bare chassis, a fixed-side pickup truck, or one where all three sides fold down, called "3-way wide deck". The engine used is either Mitsubishi's 1.3 L (1,343 cc) carbureted 4G17 or the bigger 1.5 L (1,468 cc) fuel injected 4G15. The smaller engine puts out 78 PS (57 kW) at 6,000 rpm,[23] while the larger unit (to Euro 2 emissions standards) produces 86 PS (63 kW) at 5,750 rpm.[24] Both engines feature three valves per cylinder. The bare chassis version is usually converted into a bus by local bodybuilders, for use as an Angkot, or share taxi.

Images

References

  1. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. http://media.ford.com/plant_display.cfm?plant_id=129. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 
  2. ^ a b c Martin Schaefers. "Japanese Kei Minivans". Far East Auto Literature. Archived from the original on 2010-07-29. http://www.xs4all.nl/~mjs/cabover.html. 
  3. ^ Ozeki, Kazuo (2007). Suzuki Story: Small Cars, Big Ambitions. Tokyo: Miki Press. pp. 94–95. ISBN 978-4-89522-503-8. 
  4. ^ 360cc: Light Commercial Truck 1950-1975 (360cc 軽商用貨物自動車 1950-1975). Tokyo: Yaesu Publishing. 2009. pp. 42–44. ISBN 978-4-86144-139-4. 
  5. ^ 1965 Suzuki Suzulight Full Lineup catalog, available at Product Design Database
  6. ^ a b c Light Commercial Truck 1950-1975, p. 44-45.
  7. ^ Suzuki Story, p. 72d.
  8. ^ Suzuki Story, p. 97.
  9. ^ Suzuki L60/L61 (catalog), Suzuki Motor Company, 1975.
  10. ^ New Model Technical Bulletin: Suzuki L60/L61/L61V Truck and Van. Suzuki Motor Company. September 1975. NT7110. 
  11. ^ Suzuki Story, p. 98
  12. ^ Mastrostefano, Raffaele, ed (1990) (in Italian). Quattroruote: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1990. Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. pp. 992–994. 
  13. ^ a b Haynes Manual Bedford/Vauxhall Rascal and Suzuki Supercarry 1986–1994
  14. ^ a b Limb, Jae-un (2010-06-14). "Blast From the Past #24:Tall, slim mini-trucks for narrow roads". Korea JoongAng Daily. http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2921760. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  15. ^ "Daewoo Damas / Labo gate page" (in Korean). GM Korea. http://www.gm-korea.co.kr/gmmcc/damas_labo_gate.jsp. Retrieved 2011-09-29. 
  16. ^ Official TimeLine of Maruti Udyog[dead link]
  17. ^ Models Info from IndiaCar.net[dead link]
  18. ^ "Omni (5-seater) BS-II Tech Spec Sheet from". IndiaCar.com. http://www.indiacar.com/techspec1.asp?pg=pomni%2Ehtm&is=&es=&bc=009&model=Omni+%285%2Dseater%29+BS%2DII&brand=MARUTI+UDYOG+LTD&mcode=m00117&types=Multi%2DPurpose&fn=pomni%2Ehtm. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  19. ^ "Article in Business Line Magazine, October 25, 2001.". http://www.hinduonnet.com/businessline/2001/10/25/stories/022507kc.htm. Retrieved September 15, 2006. 
  20. ^ "Maruti to replace Versa with new multi-purpose van news". Domain-b.com. 2009-11-23. http://www.domain-b.com/companies/companies_m/Maruti/20091123_multi-purpose_van_oneView.html. Retrieved 2010-11-25. 
  21. ^ a b "Review and stats on Maruti Versa by domain-b.com". http://www.domain-b.com/automotive/models/maruti/maruti_versa.htm. Retrieved September 15, 2006. 
  22. ^ "福特好幫手一代報紙廣告數則(Ford Pronto) - 小七的車觀點:管他汽車、機車、腳踏車;只要是車,無所不談! - Yahoo!奇摩部落格". Tw.myblog.yahoo.com. 2008-09-15. http://tw.myblog.yahoo.com/ytseng3ford/article?mid=25968&sc=1. Retrieved 2010-07-16. 
  23. ^ a b Mitsubishi Colt T120SS, PT Krama Yudha Tiga Berlian Motors, p. 2, http://www.ktb.co.id/eBrosur/T120SS%201.5%20MPI%20PICK%20UP%20STANDARD.pdf, retrieved 2011-07-21 
  24. ^ Mitsubishi Colt T120SS 1.5L MPI, PT Krama Yudha Tiga Berlian Motors, http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_ATPWjWFan-k/TSJy3T_a0DI/AAAAAAAAASM/naIlNfFyihU/s1600/SPESIFIKASI%2BT120%2BSS_2.jpg, retrieved 2011-07-21 

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