Election law


Election law

Election law is a discipline falling at the juncture of constitutional law and political science. It researches "the politics of law and the law of politics". Especially after the famous 2000 Bush-Gore elections, its importance has grown and now election law is taught at most of the law schools throughout the United States and abroad.

Issues

Some of the questions that are addressed by election law are:

* Which persons are entitled to vote in an election (e.g. age, residency or literacy requirements, or poll taxes), and the procedures by which such persons must register to vote or present identification in order to vote
* Which persons are entitled to hold office (for example, age, residency, birth or citizenship requirements), and the procedures candidates must follow to appear on the ballot (such as the formatting and filing of nominating petitions) and rules governing write-in candidates
* The rules about what subjects may be submitted to a direct popular vote through a referendum or plebiscite, and the rules that governmental agencies or citizen groups must follow to place questions on the ballot for public consideration
* The framework by which political parties may organize their internal government, and how they select candidates to run for political office (e.g. primary elections)
* The financing of elections (e.g. contribution limits, rules for public financing of elections, the public disclosure of contributors, and rules governing advocacy groups other than a candidate's campaign organization)
* The requirements for creating districts which elect representatives to a legislative assembly (examples include congressional districts, ridings or wards within a municipality)
* What restrictions are placed on campaign advocacy (such as rules on anonymous or false advertising)
* How votes are cast at an election (including whether to use a paper ballot, or some other form of recording votes such as a mechanical voting machine or electronic voting device, and how information is presented to voters on the ballot or device)
* How votes are counted at an election, recounts, and election challenges
* Whether, and how, voters or candidates may file legal actions in a court of law or administrative agency to enforce their rights or contest the outcome of an election
* What acts against the election process are punishable as criminal offenses
* The sources of election law (for example, constitutions, national statutes, state statutes, or judicial decisions) and the interplay between these sources of law

American election law experts and academics are connected in the academic network coordinated by Daniel H. Lowenstein of UCLA Law School and Richard L. Hasen of Loyola Law School. Lowenstein and Hasen also edit the Election Law Journal and the election law mailing list.

ee also

*
*Court of Disputed Returns
*Right of foreigners to vote

Further reading

* "Election Law Journal" - A scholarly journal devoted to election law
* "Electoral Studies" - A scholarly journal devoted to the study of elections
* Samuel Issacharoff, Pamela S. Karlan & Richard H. Pildes. "The Law of Democracy: Legal Structure of the Political Process". 2nd Rev. Ed. Foundation Press, 2002.
* Daniel H. Lowenstein & Richard L. Hasen. "Election Law: Cases and Materials". 3rd Ed. Carolina Press, 2004.
*Electoral Administration Act 2006

External links

* [http://electionlawblog.org/ Election Law Blog]
* [http://www.abanet.org/publicserv/election/home.html American Bar Association Standing Committee on Election Law]
* [http://www.eurela.org European Election Law Association (Eurela)]
* [http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/rsa/html/NHTOC/NHTOC-LXIII.htm New Hampshire Statutes Title LXIII, Elections]
* [http://www.sos.nh.gov/electionsnew.htm] Click on "Election Procedures Manual"
* [http://www.politicslaw.org/ Institute for Law and Politics at the University of Minnesota Law School]
* [http://www.viniciuscordeiro.adv.br/brazilian electoral law]


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