- Pedro Infante
Infobox musical artist
Name = Pedro Infante
Background = solo_singer
Birth_name = José Pedro Infante Cruz
Born = birth date|1917|11|18|mf=y
Mazatlán, Sinaloa, flagicon|Mexico México
Died = death date and age|1957|4|15|1917|11|37
Years_active = 1943 - 1957
José Pedro Infante Cruz (
November 18, 1917- April 15, 1957), better known as Pedro Infante, is perhaps the most famous actor and singer of the Golden Age of Mexican cinemaand was the idol of the Mexican people, together with Jorge Negreteand Javier Solis, who were styled the "Tres Gallos Mexicanos" (the "Three Mexican Roosters"). He was born on November 18, 1917in Mazatlán, Sinaloa, Mexico. He was raised as a child in Guamúchil. He died on April 15, 1957in Mérida, Yucatán, in a plane crash during a flight that he was piloting himself enroute to Mexico City.
His film career began in 1939 with him appearing in more than 60 films, and starting in 1943, he recorded about 350 songs. For his performance in the movie "Tizoc" he was awarded the [http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1957/02_programm_1957/02_Filmdatenblatt_1957_19570004.php "Silver Bear"] of the 1957
Berlin International Film Festivalfor Best Actor and also a [http://www.thegoldenglobes.com/welcome.html?movie/tizoc_57.html "Golden Globe"] at Hollywood, for 'Best Actor in a Leading Role', awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association.
Childhood and early career
Son of Delfino Infante García, who played the double bass in a band, and Refugio Cruz Aranda, he was the third of fifteen children, of which nine survived. Although the Infante Cruz family stayed for some time at Mazatlán, in the early 1919 they moved to
Guasave. Later in 1920, they moved to Rosario, Sinaloa. From adolescence, Infante showed talent and an affection for music. He managed to learn strings, wind, and percussion instruments in a short time. He was a guitarstudent of Carlos R. Hubbard.
His wife María Luisa León, who was somewhat well-off economically, convinced him of the need to move to
Mexico Citywhere they would find opportunities for this talented young man.
In Mexico City, he sang the songs of
composers including Alberto Cervantes(Alberto Raúl Cervantes González [http://www.sacm.org.mx/archivos/biografias.asp?txtSocio=08173] ), José Alfredo Jiménez, Cuco Sánchez, Tomás Méndez, Rubén Fuentes, Salvador Flores Rivera(Chava Flores) and others. His first musical recording "El Soldado Raso" ("The Soldier") was made on November 19, 1943, for the PeerlessCompany. Infante first appeared as an extra in the movie "En un Burro Tres Baturros" ("Three Men from Aragon on a Donkey"). His career as an actor in leading roles started with "La Feria de Las Flores" ("The Fair of Flowers") in 1943.In that same year, a friend and neighbor of Infantes' wife, Carmen Barajas Sandoval, offered to introduce them to Jorge Negrete, a singer which he admired. Barajas, who knew people in the business as she was the aunt of the child actress Angélica María, worked then at the Sindicato de Trabajadores de la Producción Cinematográfica, S.T.P.C. ("Workers of the Cinematographic Production Union"). She succeeded in convincing Negrete to recommend Infante to the producer Ismael Rodríguez, and others. As a result, he was invited to appear in different pictures, such as "Vuelve el Ametralladora" ("The Machine Gun Returns")
While married to María Luisa León, he met the dancer
Lupita Torrentera, with whom he had three children, Graciela Margarita(b. 1947), Pedro Infante Jr.(b. 1950) and Guadalupe Infante Torrentera(b. 1951), solidifying his reputation as a ladies man. Irma Infantewas born from his relationship with the young actress Irma Dorantes, whom he met when she was only 16 years of age. Irma Infante has had a solid career as an actress and a singer.
His natural talent for acting was made evident in such pictures as:
* "", along with
María Félix, which gained him the [http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1957/02_programm_1957/02_Filmdatenblatt_1957_19570004.php Silver Bear] of the Berlin International Film Festivalfor Best Actor, and the [http://www.thegoldenglobes.com/welcome.html?movie/tizoc_57.html Golden Globe] in Hollywood for 'Best Actor in a Leading Role', which was awarded posthumously.
* The massive migration from the countryside to the cities (mostly to Mexico City) during the 1940s fed the required labor force for rising manufacturing industries. This urbanization created the "working neighborhoods" and the culture of "la vecindad" (group of small apartments around a common patio), and found in Pedro Infante an identifiable icon for these, the new urban working class, with his character "Pepe el Toro" ("Pepe the Bull") in the melodramatic trilogy made up of "
Nosotros los pobres", " Ustedes los ricos", and " Pepe el Toro" ("We the Poor", "You the Rich", and "Pepe the Bull"), costarring with Evita Muñoz "Chachita".
* If that same urbanizing population had the nostalgia for the rural life, and with it the popularity of
rancheramusic and the idealized charro, it was not until he played the poor carpenter with a strong chilango(Mexico City) accent that Pedro Infante achieved a status, at least in Mexico, at the same level of celebrity such as Cantinflas, the Soler Brothersand even Jorge Negreteand María Félix. Despite that, he kept on playing the role of the charro and even the northern Mexican rancher (perhaps his most authentic character) in "Ahí viene Martín Corona" ("Here comes Martín Corona") in 1951 and "Los Hijos de María Morales" ("The Sons of María Morales") in 1952. When Jorge Negrete died in 1953, Pedro was no longer in the shadow of the international idol, even though Pedro was very affected by the disappearance of his idol. During his burial service some saw him slightly inebriated, a rare sight given that Infante was not a drinker.
* He worked together with
Sara Garcíain many movies for Mexican cinema.
* One of his better roles was that of Juventino Rosas in the movie "Sobre las Olas" ("Over the Waves"), based on the life of the Mexican waltz composer. Infante's natural musical abilities contributed to helping him to get into character.
* An important point in his career as an actor was winning the
Ariel Awardgiven by the Mexican Academy of Arts and Cinematographic Sciences for Best Actor for his role in "La Vida No Vale Nada" ("Life is Worth Nothing", a line from the song "Camino de Guanajuato").
Waltzes, cha-cha-chas, rancheras and boleros placed him among the most popular singers of the mariachiand rancheramusic.
Some of his most popular songs include: " [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/AUDIOTECA/amorcitocorazonpedro.htm Amorcito Corazón] " (approximately "My Little Love and Heart"), "Te Quiero Así" ("I Love You Like This"), "La Que Se Fue" ("She Who Left")," [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/AUDIOTECA/corazoncorazonpedro.htm Corazón] " ("Heart"), "El Durazno" ("The Peach"), "Dulce Patria" ("Sweet Fatherland"), " [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/AUDIOTECA/malditaseamisuertepedro.htm Maldita Sea Mi Suerte] " ("Cursed Be My Luck"), "Así Es La vida" ("Life Is Like This"), "Mañana Rosalía" ("Tomorrow Rosalía"), " [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/AUDIOTECA/micarinitopedro.htm Mi Cariñito] " ("My Little Darling"), " [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/AUDIOTECA/dicenquesoymujeriegopedro.htm Dicen Que Soy Mujeriego] " ("They Say I Am A Womanizer"), " [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/AUDIOTECA/cartaaeufemiapedro.htm Carta a Eufemia] " ("Letter to Eufemia"), "Nocturnal", " [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/AUDIOTECA/cienanospedro.htm Cien Años] " ("Hundred Years"), "Flor Sin Retoño" ("Flower Without Sprout"), "Pénjamo", and "¿Qué Te Ha Dado Esa Mujer?" ("What Has That Woman Given You?").
The world famous song "
Bésame Mucho" ("Kiss Me So Much"), from the composer Consuelo Velázquez, was the only melody that he recorded in English and he interpreted it in the movie "A Toda Máquina" (ATM) ("At Full Speed"), with Luis Aguilar.
" [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/AUDIOTECA/amorcitocorazonpedro.htm Amorcito Corazón] ", by
Manuel Esperónis one of Infante's most famous interpretations.
Infante was very often accompanied by the great musical ensembles of the time like the Mariachi Vargas de Tecalitlán, Noé Fajardo's Orchestra, the
Trío Calaverasand Antonio Bribiesca, among others.
By then, Pedro Infante had already created his characteristic [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/VIDEO/video13.html mariachi shout] .
=Death and ho
Pedro was a fanatic of
aviation, a hobby that would lead to his death. He was piloting a Consolidated Aircraft X B-24-D (a variant of the B-24 Liberator), which crashed 5 minutes after take-off from Mérida, Yucatán, in southeast Mexico.
Year after year Pedro Infante attracts a great number of fans of every age to his shrine in the Panteón Jardín of
Mexico City, as well as the one at 54th through 87th streets in the center of Mérida. Pedro Infante died among friends, mechanic Marciano Bautista, and copilot Manuel Vidal. Many friends, family and fans still dress up as the characters that he played in film: Pedro Chávez, Pepe el Toro, Tizoc and a number of personas incarnated from the Mexican culture that Infante symbolized. His fans honor him every year with a mass, honor guards, music and the songs made famous by the "Idol of Guamúchil". Until now they have all been spontaneous, without any official authority or institution organizing them. [ [http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2006/04/16/a06n1esp.php Refrendan cientos su cariño a Pedro Infante, a 49 años de su fallecimiento ] ] .
Four statues have been erected in his honor. The one in Mexico City was made out of thousands of bronze keys donated by his fans to a Mexico City TV station after a request by TV director
Raúl Velasco. For the statue in Mérida another TV presenter (Manuel Pelayo) made a request and received keys. The third statue is in his birthplace, Mazatlán, Sinaloa. At the Paseo de Olas Altas at Mazatlánthere is a statue of [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/VIDEO/video21.html Pedro Infante on a motorcycle] , in honor of his role in the movie "A Toda Maquina" ("ATM") with Luis Aguilarand "¿Que te ha dado esa mujer?" also with Luis Aguilar, Rosita Arenas and Carmen Montejo. The fourth statue is in the town square of Guamúchil, his adopted home town.
Since the fatal plane crash, the anniversary of the death of Pedro Infante is celebrated at the Don Rubén Canto Sosa and Doña María Remigia García Suaste family estate. To this day, in Mérida, the son of this family, the lawyer Luis Canto García, continues with that commemoration.
The death of Pedro Infante on the morning of
April 15, 1957was announced by the radio personality Humberto Rodríguez, of radio station XEMHof Mérida, after one of the firefighters discovered the bracelet engraved with the name of "Pedro Infante", plus the winged ornament that symbolized the license of Pedro as Aviator. That was around 8:15 am; later, Manuel Bernal of Mexico City station XEW, gave the news at 11:12 thus: "This Monday April 15, 1957, Pedro, our beloved Pedro...this has been confirmed, has died. In a tragic accident in Mérida, Yucatán".
The social phenomena of Pedro Infante
The Mexican idol died intestate, i.e. without a last will and testament, [http://www.mexicolegal.com.mx/consultas/r31737.htm] so that the main beneficiaries of his legacy have been the producers of the extremely successful movies in which he starred, as well as the "Peerless" music company [http://www.univision.com/content/content.jhtml?cid=6488] (now associated with Warner Music), and thanks to the great incomes that his pictures and songs still generate, it has been they who have contributed greatly to promote and update him.
The Mexican press reported some cases of women committing
suiciderelated to his death.Fact|date=April 2007
He represented not only the fun-loving and partying
charro, but also the urban hero of the working class, and it was this character that won the love and admiration of the public in Mexico and other countries like Venezuelaand Guatemala.Fact|date=April 2007
According to producer Jorge Madrid y Campos, who was also his legal representative, Pedro Infante's fame has greatly increased since his death. The presence of so many admirers at his shrine at the anniversary of his death is remarkable, as are the musical tributes from singers of the
rancheraand mariachigenres that pay homage to him.
Some fanatics even speculated that his death was faked. They believed in the possibility that he was living "hidden" somewhere; there have also been cases of people who claim to be Infante themselves reported in the Mexican press. These cases are similar in a sense to other famous deceased celebrities, such as
Elvis Presley, Anastasia or Jim Morrisonwith people claiming to be these individuals.
The constant broadcasting of his movies on television, and the broadcasting of radio programs dedicated to his memory and music contribute to the popularity of Pedro Infante for several generations of Mexicans, and fans in other Spanish-speaking countries. Similar phenomena occur with other late actors, such as
Germán Valdés"Tin Tán" or Mario Moreno " Cantinflas". The radio program "La Hora de Pedro Infante" ("The Pedro Infante Hour") on the radio station "La Más Perrona" (Radio Sinfonola de NRM Comunicación, on AM1410) has had a run of 55 years on Mexican radio, with more than 20 thousand hours on the air. [ [http://www.jornada.unam.mx/2007/01/27/index.php?section=espectaculos&article=a10n1esp La Hora de Pedro Infante; el más largo homenaje: 55 años al aire - La Jornada ] ] .
El Organillero" ("The Organ Grinder") (1939)
En Un Burro Tres Baturros" ("Three Men of Aragon on a Donkey") (1939)
Puedes Irte De Mí" ("You Can Leave Me") (1940)
Jesusita En Chihuahua" ("Jesusita in Chihuahua") (1942)
La Razón De La Culpa" ("The Reason Of The Blame") (1942)
La Feria De Las Flores" ("The Fair of Flowers") (1942)
Arriba Las Mujeres" ("Up With The Women") (1943)
Cuando Habla El Corazón" ("When The Heart Speaks") (1943)
¡Viva Mi Desgracia!" ("Long Live My Bad Luck!") (1943)
Mexicanos Al Grito De Guerra" ("Mexicans To The War Cry ") (1943)
Escándalo De Estrellas" ("The Stars' Scandal") (1944)
Cuando Lloran Los Valientes" ("When The Brave Weep") (1945)
Si Me Han De Matar Mañana" ("If They Should Kill Me Tomorrow") (1946)
Los Tres García" ("The Three Garcías") (1946)
Vuelven Los García" ("The Garcías Return") (1946)
Soy Charro De Rancho Grande" ("I Am a Charro Of Rancho Grande") (1947)
Nosotros los pobres" ("We The Poor") (1947)
La Barca De Oro" ("The Golden Boat") (1947)
Cartas Marcadas" ("Marked Cards") (1947)
Ustedes los ricos" ("You The Rich") (1948)
Dicen Que Soy Mujeriego" ("They Say I'm A Womanizer") (1948)
Los Tres Huastecos" ("The Three Huastecos") (1948)
Angelitos Negros" ("Little Black Angels") (1948)
No Desearás La Mujer De Tu Hijo" ("You Shall Not Covet Thy Son's Wife") (1949)
La Oveja Negra" ("The Black Sheep") (1949)
La Mujer Que Yo Perdí" ("The Woman That I Lost") (1949)
El Seminarista" ("The Seminarian") (1949)
Sobre Las Olas" ("Over The Waves") (1950)
El Gavilán Pollero" ("The Chickenhawk") (1950)
Las Mujeres De Mi General" ("My General's Women") (1950)
También De Dolor Se Canta" ("Singing Also From Pain") (1950)
Islas Marías" (1950)
A.T.M. A Toda Máquina!" ("At Full Speed") (1951)
¡¿Qué Te Ha Dado Esa Mujer?!" ("What Has That Woman Given You?") (1951)
Ahí Viene Martín Corona" ("There Comes Martín Corona") (1951)
Necesito Dinero" ("I Need Money") (1951)
El Enamorado" ("The Lover") (1951)
Ahora Soy Rico" ("Now I Am Rich") (1952)
Dos Tipos De Cuidado" ("Two Guys To Be Afraid Of") (1952)
Por Ellas Aunque Mal Paguen" ("For Them Although They Pay Badly") (1952)
Un Rincón Cerca Del Cielo" ("A Place Near Heaven") (1952)
* "Ansiedad" ("Anxiety") (1952)
Sí, Mi Vida" ("Yes, My Dear") (1952)
Había Una Vez Un Marido" ("There Once Was A Husband") (1952)
Pepe el Toro" ("Pepe The Bull") (1952)
Los Hijos De María Morales" ("The Sons Of María Morales") (1952)
Gitana Tenías Que Ser" ("You Had To Be Gypsy") (1953)
* "Reportaje" ("News Article") (1953)
Cuidado Con El Amor" ("Beware With Love") (1954)
Los Gavilanes" ("The Sparrowhawks") (1954)
Pueblo, Canto Y Esperanza" ("People, Song And Hope") (1954)
La Vida No Vale Nada" ("Life's Worth Nothing") (1954)
Escuela De Vagabundos" ("School Of Vagabonds") (1954)
El Mil Amores" ("The Thousands Lover") (1954)
Escuela De Música" ("School Of Music") (1955)
La Tercera Palabra" ("The Third Word") (1955)
El Inocente" ("The Innocent") (1956)
Pablo Y Carolina" (Pablo And Carolina") (1956)
* "" (1957)
Escuela De Rateros" ("School Of Thieves") (1957)
The following sites contain a relation, allegedly complete, of all the recordings made by Pedro Infante, in 78 RPM discs and always with Discos Peerless.
* [http://lonestar.utsa.edu/rlwilson/disco.html Discography 1940s]
* [http://lonestar.utsa.edu/rlwilson/disco2.html Discography 1950]
* [http://lonestar.utsa.edu/rlwilson/disco3.html Discography 1951-1953]
* [http://lonestar.utsa.edu/rlwilson/disco4.html Discography 1954-1957]
* [http://www.miwml.com/pedroinfante Pedro Infante's Official Label Site - Free music online]
The links are all in Spanish:
* [http://redescolar.ilce.edu.mx/redescolar/publicaciones/publi_quepaso/pedroinfante.htm Pedro Infante at ILCE]
* (This site is in English.)
* [http://www.univision.com/content/content.jhtml?cid=363074 Biography of Pedro Infante at "Univisión"]
* [http://www.biosstars-mx.com/p/Pedro_Infante.htm Biography of Pedro Infante at "Biostars-Mx"]
* [http://www.lafarandula.com/biopedro.htm Pedro Infante at "La Farándula.com"]
* [http://www.pedroInfante.com.mx Tribute to Pedro Infante in his 50th Death Anniversary]
* [http://www.mariachi.com.mx/PEDROINFANTE/index.html Homage to PEDRO INFANTE mariachi musical genre]
* [http://www.asierapedroinfante.com Asi era Pedro Infante]
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