Extreme points of Europe


Extreme points of Europe

This is a list of the extreme points of Europe, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Europe. The northernmost point of the continent is often incorrectly given as North Cape - actually the second northernmost point of the inshore islands of Europe.

Europe

*Northernmost point — Cape Fligely, Rudolf Island, Franz Josef Land, Russia (81° 48′ 24″ N) [If Franz Josef Land is not considered a part of Europe, then the northernmost point would be located at the northern point of Rossøya, Svalbard (81°N).]
*Southernmost point — Gavdos, Greece (34° 48′ 02″ N)If Madeira or the Canary Islands are included as part of Europe, they must be considered the southernmost part of the continent.]
*Westernmost point — Monchique Islet (31º 16' 24″ W), west of Fajã Grande, Flores Island, Azores, Portugal [ Fajã Grande (31º 16' 8" W) on Flores is the westernmost village of Europe. If only the part of Azores on the Eurasian plate is included, then Faial (28º 44' W) is the westernmost part of Europe and the Capelinhos volcano its westernmost point.]
*Easternmost point — a cape Flissingskiy (69° 02′ E), near Cape Zhelaniya, Severny Island, Novaya Zemlya, Russia.The center of these extreme points is on Saaremaa Island, Estonia

Europe, excluding remote islands

*Northernmost point — Knivskjellodden, Norway (71° 11′ 08″ N)
*Southernmost point — Gavdos, Greece (34° 48′ 02″ N)If Madeira or the Canary Islands are included as part of Europe, they must be considered the southernmost part of the continent.]
*Westernmost point — Bjargtangar, Iceland(24° 32′ 03″ W) [If Iceland is considered a remote island, the point would be Tearaght Island, Ireland (10° 40′ W)]
*Easternmost point — In Russia, an unnamed 535 metre peak at 68° 18′ 50″ E on the far northern Ural Mountains watershed divide.

Mainland Europe

*Northernmost point — Cape Nordkinn, Norway (71° 08′ 03″ N)
*Southernmost point — Punta de Tarifa, Spain (36° 00′ 00″ N)
*Westernmost point — Cabo da Roca, Portugal (09° 30′ 03″ W)
*Easternmost point — easternmost end of the Komi Republic, Russia (66° 11′ 57″ E) Assuming the watershed of the Ural Mountains as Europe's eastern border.]

The centre of these extreme points is at coord|53|34|01.5|N|28|20|57.2|E|type:landmark_region:BY, 15 km north east of Marina Gorka, Belarus.(However, according to the definition accepted in Russia and in many other European countries the easternomost point of Europe is the mouth of Bajdarata river, 68° 11′ E, and the centre should be 1 deg. to the east.)

Elevation

*Highest point - Mount Elbrus, Russia (5,642 metres - 18,506 feet)
*Lowest point - Caspian Sea shore, Russia (−28 metres - −92 feet)

ee also

*Geographical centre of Europe
*Extreme points of the European Union
*Geography of Europe
*Extreme points of Eurasia
*Extreme points of Africa-Eurasia
*Extreme points of the world
*The world's most northern city, capital, island etc. (most of them are in Europe)
*List of highest points of European countries

Notes


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